Intro to Political Science
Intro to Political Science PLS 200
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Fabian Hills on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PLS 200 at Michigan State University taught by Charles Ostrom in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see /class/207458/pls-200-michigan-state-university in Political Science at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/19/15
STUDY GUIDE FOR QUIZ 2 Key terms concepts and names from reading and lecture Source Material I Laver I Ross I Lectures 3 and 4 Key terms and Concepts I Research program consist of hard core protective belt negative heuristic positive heuristic 0 Hard Core set of assumptions that are given and inviolable Focus of rational choice individual behavior We need the hard core because the process of justification is non truth preserving 0 Protective Belt set of auxiliary assumptions that may be given up to protect the hard core I Covering Law Explanation assert one or more laws note existing facts deduce the uniformity that is to be explained if the laws and initial conditions are true then the conclusion will be true I Rational Choice alternatives consequences value utility uncertainty probability expected value I Intrinsic goals based off of personal preference and goals Instrumental goals a social action pursued after evaluating its consequences and consideration of the various means to achieve it Alternatives choices that can be considered when making a rational choice Consequences the outcomes from the alternatives Mutually exclusive and exhaustive Value Each person places a value on the consequences and they are calibrated based on intrinsic goals Utility overall measure of the happiness or usefulness of an outcome to an individual Allows one to evaluate outcomes that are non monetary awards Gambler39s Paradox Gambling even when the probability of winning is very low they have other utility rather than monetary IE enjoyment entertainment hobby Probability concerned with the likelihood of future events in certain situations We cannot predict the outcome only probabilities for various outcomes Expected Value The average pay off you would receive if you played a game a large number of times Pascal39s Wager became the foundation for modern probability theory
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