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Spec Top Teach Cur & Schooling

by: Margie Swaniawski I

Spec Top Teach Cur & Schooling TE 891

Margie Swaniawski I
GPA 3.59


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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Margie Swaniawski I on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to TE 891 at Michigan State University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see /class/207522/te-891-michigan-state-university in Education and Teacher Studies at Michigan State University.

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Date Created: 09/19/15
TE 891 Educational Inquiry Interpretation amp Criticism Prof Mark Conley PhD Research Review Justin Harkiewicz Integration at International Schools Living in Asia for almost 20 years and having had both children attend international schools for both their primary and secondary education I am interested in how school lifeDat those institutions can be even more rewarding and culturally sensitive It has been my observation over the years that more and more I hear parents of young people complain about the environment at international schools They tend to just stay in their own national groups speak their own languages unless forced to by their teachers and even then only reluctantly They don39t mingle or play with children from other backgrounds in the playground and their teachers don t seem to see this as a problem or ifthey do take any real constructive action to remedy the situation Why does this happen What are the reasons for this kind of voluntary separation and lack of interaction in international schools Why do children prefer to mix with those of their own race or cultural background How can we get across to students the value of relating to fellow students with different backgrounds What do school administrators and teachers do to foster or hinter interaction among students How do parents foster or hinder the way their children behave toward other children of different backgrounds With these questions in mind I began my research by locating various sources of work already done on the subjects of international school management specifically and a general overview of the integration of people with different racial cultural and economic backgrounds Initial research dwelt on the management ofinternational schools and the key points for successful school operation This was followed by delving into the subject of integration and sensitivity of different cultures Starting with the basics I learned of Green eld39s five quotsituational imperativesquot for excellence in schools They are Managerial managing the daily school operations necessary to sustain the enterprise Instructional supporting and improving the school39s instructional goals and activities and the associated work of teachers parents and students Political developing and utilizing power to influence the allocation of resources and the conflicting and competing special interests of school participants Social working through people directly and indirectly to accomplish the daily work ofthe school Moral making normative judgments regarding standards and moral values that shape school life Source Green eld 1991 13 Regarding integration there are numerous theories about how children deal with each other at school This is dif cult enough among children with similar ethnic racial and economic backgrounds But when you consider students from many different countries with dissimilar levels of maturity and cultural sensitivity it is an extremely dif cult challenge to promote interaction among them A term used in studying such situations is quotcrosscultural theoryquot While most ofthis work has been done for organizations such as companies it can also be applied to a certain extant to international schools One group of39culturefree39 theories argues that all organizations regardless ofwhere they are in the world should be able to operate best with a single set of principles as long as they have appropriate and similar conditions of structure Theorists promoting this viewpoint include Taylor 1947 Fayol 1949 Laurence and Lorsch 1967 I will endeavorto nd more on the work of these researchers Is this theory applicable to international schools If it is used it assumes that international schools are much the same everywhere regardless of country and that as long as the same principles are applied schools will run smoothly and each person will be able to play her his part in this But such an approach does not give a great deal of practical help to school headmasters trying to make sense of their school quotworldsquot that are not so homogeneous Throughout the 196039s and 197039s there was little attention to the crosscultural aspects of management but I have learned about anothertheorist that rst began to promote the idea of being quotboundquot by one39s culture His name is Hofstede In 1980 his research changed the way we look at how national cultures affected the way organizations worked and created a new body ofquotcultureboundquot theory To sum up his work he found distinct differences in basic cultural assumptions which had an effect on the way people related to each other He compared culture to an onion with different layers the outer more visible layers concerned with practices such as customs clothing housing rituals and ceremonies and they are relatively easy to observe and to understand But the innermost core values are hidden What relates to children is his hypothesis that one39s upbringing particularly in the rst 10 years of life is thought to exert a powerful effect on the values one holds This is a kind of starting point for the rest of my research Finally as I am focusing on Asia I tried to locate some information on the cultural characteristics of Asians generally Some deal with Respect Asians respect authorities including classroom teachers as the way of obeying39 Traditionally obeying is the major part ofthe culture that de nes whether or not one is a good citizen Rebelling is a crime Challenging authorities is not being loyal ln class most Asian students take notes carefully and ask no questions to avoid challenging the teachersauthorities Honorto the Family Family reputation in public is considered more important than that ofthe individual Individual failure is considered disgraceful to the family Bringing honor anything given by the authorities to the family is considered to shine the ancestor and lift the family39s social level Almost no Asian students raise their hands to answer questions because they do not want to fail and disgrace the family Cooperating Asians do not cooperate with each other very well They seldom share their information at least traditionally Examples of this are martial arts medical prescription and cooking recipes that are mostly kept within families In school Asian students do not like to share homework or other successful examples with others But they are very good competitors They value individual efforts They try their best to stay on the top ofthe class US born Asians have an additional problem from their immigrant relatives they have two cultures in which to live and their problem is often about how to respect the ancestral and familiar values but also fit into their new culture and feel accepted The above is really just a basic framework for my research Although it is important to see what others have done already I am anxious to do some direct interviews with students parents and teachers to bring some practical and substantive viewpoints to my work References Education and Race The Performance of Minority Students in Affluent Areas Refutes the Prevailing Educational Shibboleths Magazine article by Arthur Hu National Review Vol 49 September 15 1999 Does School Integration Work Magazine article by Steve Farkas Jean Johnson USA Today Society for the Advancement of Education Vol 128 January 2000 Education Ethnicity and National Integration in the History of Nigeria Continuing Problems ofAfrica39s Colonial Legacy Journal article by Thomas J Davis Azubike KaluNwiwu The Journal of Negro History Vol 86 2001 Ethnicity Race and Nationality in Education A Global Pespective Book by Ivan Z Holowinsky N Ken Shimahara Saundra TomlinsonClarke Lawrence Erlbaum Associates 2001 Race Equality and quotHearts and Mindsquot Journal article by Richard H King Journal of Southern History Vol 70 2004 The Benefits of Diversity in Education for Democratic Citizenship Journal article by Patricia Gurin Gretchen E Lopez Biren A Nagda Journal of Social Issues Vol 60 2004 Race and Children The Dynamics of Early Socialization Journal article by Rodney D Coates Theodore C Wagenaar Education Vol 120 1999 Racial Integration as a Compelling Interest Journal article by Elizabeth S Anderson Constitutional Commentary Vol 212004 Transforming Teacher Education for an Antiracism Pedagogy Journal article by Cynthia LevineRasky R Patrick Solomon The Canadian Review of Sociology and Anthropology Vol 33 1996 Managing International Schools Book by Sonia Blandford Marian Shaw RoutledgeFalmer 2001 International Education in Practice Dimensions for National amp International Schools Book by Mary Hayden Jeff Thompson George Walker Kogan Page 2002 CrossCultural Problems in International Business The Role of the Cultural Integration Function Book by Robert C Maddox Quorum Books 1993 Diversity and Citizenship Education Global Perspectives Book by James A Banks JosseyBass 2004 A Superintendent39s View from Abroad Magazine article by V lliam Decker School Administrator Vol 55 June 1998 Cultural Diversity in Instructional Design Journal article by Jian X Zhang International Journal of Instructional Media Vol 28 2001


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