Anthropology Notes 2/25/16-Exam 3
Anthropology Notes 2/25/16-Exam 3 2597
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melissa Metzgar on Monday March 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2597 at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Professor Ehrensal in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see Intro to Cultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 03/14/16
Belief In The Supernatural Magic and Religion -belief and rituals concerned with supernatural beings, powers and forces -belief in the supernatural is a cultural universal Why: -we don’t see it in other species -cultural understanding of the numinous -agnostic view: culturally relative means to explain the unexplainable Understanding The Supernatural Realm is Symbolic -The supernatural realm cannot be directly experienced -Requires mediation through objects or acts→ made into something physical Cross-Cultural Study of Religion and Magic -Social nature of beliefs and practices → who is included versus excluded, when-how-what happens, etc. -Manifestations/practice→ what happens, what objects are used -Meaning derived from practice Origins of Beliefs in the Supernatural -Circumstantial evidence → neanderthal burials (near east 90,000 years ago) -marked graves, intact bodies → european cave paintings (after 50,000 years ago) -hunting visuals Expressions of Beliefs and Practices in Supernatural Beliefs -animism: the belief in the supernatural world animating the material universe -mana: -taboo (ritual pollution) → forbidden behavior → supernatural repercussions → you’ve done something and your spiritual self has become polluted/dirty and you need to find a way to get clean again Practices -Magic: → application of a technique to create a particular outcome -Divination: → techniques/technology to determine why something is the way it is -Rituals: → scripted activities to placate of make the supernatural world do something
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