HIST150 More Imperialism
HIST150 More Imperialism History 150
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Foster on Monday March 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 03/14/16
HIST150 More Imperialism Imperial culture—imperial images and imperial ideology became a significant part of European culture; examples of this development Images of Empire and Ideology • Britain: ABC for Baby Patriots (TQ) C is for colonies Rightly we boast Of all the great nations Great Britain has the most. • Stories abut empire and colonial battles when the boys were older • In school: children were taught by studying Europeans geography colonies. British imperialism possessions • Holiday: Empire Day “Empire Day of course had special significance. We gazed with pride as they pointed out those massed areas of red on the world map. ‘This, and this, and this,’ they said, ‘belong to us!’ • *Read in textbook about exhibitions Exhibitions: Paris World Fair 1889 • Eiffel tower: colonial pavilion • Replicas of streets, villages, and homes of colonies Native villages at exhibitions • Imre Kiralfy “There are many little -known people’s dotted about in distant latitudes, whose customs and habits would undoubtedly prove of boundless interest to their more civilized brothers and sisters. Where it is possible, the lives of these peopll wi be shown in miniature villages, built in the same manner as the originals and occupied by the natives, who are being brought over for this purpose…Here will be represented the daily life and excitement of the natives, including the War Dances, Ceremonies, Forms of worship, etc… ” Africa during new imperialism • Nations gained possessions • Congo: governed privately by the King Leopold of Belgium • The Congo had multiple resources, with rubber being the most popular “Rubber Terror” exploited this territory o Divided up with different regions and agents were given control of eac h o Agents would oversee the extractions of rubber o ‘Rubber quota’ each village was supposed to meet. Males would harvest o Stockade of wives and children taken hostage • ****The Force Publique • If not cooperated, cut off their right hand • Ravages of rubber work in villages “I myself saw a man at Likange who had had both his hands cut off. Sometimes they cut them at the wrists, sometimes further up… with a machete. There is another man called Botei at Inanga with the same kind of scar (across the back of his neck), where they wounded him maliciously, expecting him to die. They didn’t cut his head off, they didn’t get to the bone, but expected him to bleed to death. It was sheer cruelty; the State treated us abominably.” George Washington Williams (TQ) • African American who first exploited the Rubber Terror • George Washington Williams, “An Open Letter to his Serene Majesty King Leopold II…” (July 1890): … Your Majesty’s Government has sequestered their land, burned their towns, stolen their property, enslaved their women and children, and committed other crimes too numerous to mention in detail. “In the rubber coils” photo In 1908, Leopold gave over control to Belgium state Impact • Population of The Congo dropped by 50% • Died of starvation, overworked, disease, or murdered • His regime was one of the mass murders of history