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Cul & Artistic Trad Europe

by: Jeanette Collins

Cul & Artistic Trad Europe IAH 241C

Marketplace > Michigan State University > OTHER > IAH 241C > Cul Artistic Trad Europe
Jeanette Collins
GPA 3.51

Susan McCombs

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Susan McCombs
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This 10 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jeanette Collins on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to IAH 241C at Michigan State University taught by Susan McCombs in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 54 views. For similar materials see /class/207581/iah-241c-michigan-state-university in OTHER at Michigan State University.


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Date Created: 09/19/15
1 In the 11th and 12th centuries there was a revivial of art and architecture A True B False 2 Vezelay is the starting point of the pilgrimage route to Santiago del Compostela in Spain A True B False 3 In the early 11th century we see a revival of monumental sculpture and largescale architecture A True B False 4 The Cult of Saints and the passion for pilgrimage to their shrines were dominant features of medieval culture in the Romanesque period A True B False 5 One of the most popular pilgrimages in this period was to Santiago del Compostela in Spain where pilgrimas believed they received special graces from being near the bones of St James A True B False 6 In this period people made the pilgrimages for many reaosns among them to plead for divine help to ask for the cure of illness to give thanks for favors given to ask for penance and of course to achieve salvation for their souls A True B False 7 Pilgrimage was not only a spiritual force It was a dynamic force in society enabling the exchange of goods ideas and money A True B False 8 There was a great deal of money to be made from pilgrimage A True B False 9 The money offered to the relics helped pay the construction costs of the great Romanesque pilgrimage churches A True B False 10 There were 4 main pilgrimage routes through France to Spain A True B False 11 The pilgrimage churches like the one at Vezelay were built far too large for the local population out of necessity A True B False 12 Vezelay was large because it a housed a large and prosperous community of Benedictine monks and b it was one fot he foremost places of pilgrimage in France due to Magdalen39s relics A True B False 13 Medieval people believed that relics had the power to perform miracles because even the tiniest remains of the saint represented the presence of the entire saint A True B False 14 Much of the art of the time was devoted to the Cult of Saints and their relics or containers which were sumptuoust decorated by precious materials A True B False 15 The status of the church and its attraction for pilgrims depended on the number and importance of the relics that it held A True B False 16 Churches competed for relics and even stole them from each other A True B False 17 Images were essential to convey the church39s message A True B False 18 Gislebertus has a distinct style and pride of signature that tells us of the status and rise of the artist A True B False 19 The subject of the tympanum of Austun is the Last Judgment A True B False 20 The tympanum at Autun is divided into two sides the elect who travel to heaven and the damned who are tormented forever in hell A True B False 21 St Michael weighs the souls as part of the process ofJudgment A True B False 22 The sculpture of Eve at Autun was originally placed on the Penance portal because she represents the first sin A True B False 23 The capitals at Autun represent scenes from the early life of Christ A True B False 24 Along with pilgrimage monasticism is the second influence on art and architecture in the Romanesque period A True B False 25 Western monasticism is a collection of selfsustained selfsufficient communities cut off from the world A True B False 26 Benedictine monasticism insisted on a life devoted to manual labor prayer and the copying and interpretation of the sacred texts A True B False Page 2Untitled 27 In the middle ages the decoration of manuscripts was a sacred duty and one of the most important forms of illustration A True B False 28 By 1100 there were three great orders Benedictine Cluniac and Cistercian all endowed by great lands A True B False 29 The great monastic quotempiresquot of Europe in this period were powerful patrons of art and architecture A True B False 30 In this period the long Roman basilica form was transformed into a symbolic cross with a transept to the apse was added radiating chapels and towers gave the west end a more monumental appearance A True B False 31 Inside the Romanesque church arcades were added for the galleries and windows instead of the flat roof they used quot Roman styelquot vaults A True B False 32 The visitor to the Romanesque church entered at the west walked up the side aisles to the transept around the ambularoy to visit the chapels and down the transept and side aisles again A True B False 33 Almost every great church in France from the 11th century onwards had tunnel or barrel vaults in the nave A True B False 34 Masonry or stone barrel vaults are preferable to the flat wooden roof because they are fireproof and acoustically marvelous for the Gregorian chant A True B False 35 Romanesque architects found models for large stone vaulting in remains of Roman architecture all around A True B False 36 At ParayleMonial there is an interesting mix of Romanesque forms with classically inspired elements such as fluted pillars Corinthian columns A True B False 37 Romanesque style spread to England in 1066 during the Conquest A True B False 38 Norman architecture in England is represented by Durham Cathedral of 1093 A True B False 39 In the nineteenth century scholars defined the Gothic as having three essentail 1Papal authority was strengthened by a series of Lateran Councils which began the year after the Concordat of Worms A True B False 2 The development of canon law was stimulated by the rediscovery of the Corpus JurisCivilis A True B False 3When the Papal States took their full shape in the twelfth century they drew upon the contested inheritance of Hilda of Whitby A True B False 4 Henry V used ministerials to strengthen his waning authority over the great princes A True B False 5After Henry V s death imperial authority declined even further with the reassertion of the custom of primogeniture A True B False 6 Frederick Barbarossa took as his primary task the reconstruction of the Holy Roman Empire A True B False 7n Rome Arnold of Brescia led a rebellion to drive out the pope and restore the Roman Republic A True B False 8 The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen was a military confederation of towns united against Frederick Barbarossa and allied with Alexander I A True B False 9Pope Boniface V tried to stop the taxation of the clergy by issuing the papal bull ClericisLaicos A True B False 10 Lothar da Segni took the name Innocent I when he became pope A True B False 11 The papalist position on the investiture controversy argued that A kings and emperors ruled over the clergy B secular leaders belonged below the pope in authority C secular leaders deserved equal power with the pope D the church was a separate institution 12 The reemergence of the Corpus JurisCivilis was important because it A had been compiled by Justinian B directly led to the universities C stimulated the development of canon law D became the basis of the Constitutions of Melfi 13 What was the result of Matilda of Tuscany s death A Her vast lands went to the papacy B Her vast lands went to the Holy Roman Emperor C The pope and the emperor struggled over her inheritance D Her vast lands went to her children 14 Henry V faced all of the following problems eEXCEPT A ambitious landowners B the usurpation of royal rights C the vassalage of lesser landholders to richer ones D ministerials 15 After Henry V died the imperial power was further weakened by A German towns B Sicily C election D his heir 16 Students at medieval universities could be from all of the following backgrounds EXCEPT A the female sex B the clergy C the aristocracy D the male sex 17 Frederick of Barbarossa tried to harness regional forces by doing all of the following EXCEPT A turning the greater nobility against the lesser ones B undermining regional power C forcing greater princes to recognize his authority D extending his territory 18 What political issue took precedence over all others in Innocent s career A King Philip s marriage B The German imperial succession C The struggle for appointment over the Archbishop of Canterbury D The establishment of the Papal States 19 The battle of Bouvines resulted in all of the following EXCEPT that A Philip Augustus became Europe s foremost monarch B Otto s imperial dreams were dashed C Frederick H became emperor D Innocent39s hopes of placing his favorite on the throne were dashed 20 The German states were important to Frederick H as A a source of money and soldiers B the focus of his revival of imperial power C the key to his father s legacy D the site of a new university 21Which of the following statements accurately characterizes the state of the Holy Roman Empire by 1273 A Weak princes and strong emperors B Power balanced between princes and emperors C Strong princes and weak emperors D Strong princes and no emperor 22 How did the struggle between papacy and empire affect Sicily A Sicily became a strong independent power B Sicily grew impoverished and divided C Sicily became a papal dependency D Sicily became a German dependency 23 During the Central Middle Ages the papacy pursued all of the following policies EXCEPT A the sponsorship of universities B checking the rise of royal absolutism C the reform of canon law and Church doctrine


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