Self, Society, Technology (D)
Self, Society, Technology (D) IAH 206
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jeanette Collins on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to IAH 206 at Michigan State University taught by Matthew Ferkany in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see /class/207582/iah-206-michigan-state-university in OTHER at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/19/15
IAH 2065511 Exam 3 Review Ferkany Part I Be prepared to identify by sound the following musical works 1 Anton Webern a Five Movements Op5 Heftig bewegty b Symphony Op 21 Ruhig Schreitendy 2 Dmitri Shostakovich Symphony No 5 a Moderato b Allegretto Know the name and creator of the following artworks 3 Leonardo Da Vinci Mona Lisa 4 Guido da Siena Madonna and Child 5 Giotto The Raising of Lazarusy 6 Piero della Francesca a The Ideal City b The Flagellationy 7 Andrea Mantegna The Entombment 8 Max Ernst Fireside Angel 9 Pablo Picasso Guernica Part 11 Be prepared to answer multiple choice and truefalse questions about 1 Visual Art a Three dimensional perspective and vanishing points b Foreshortening 2 Aristotle a The relationship between health contentment what s good for us b The difference between being a causes and constitutive element of wellbeing c The basic tenets ofAristotle s perfectionist theory of wellbeing d The function argument 3 More s Utopia a Historical basics about More s life and the Renaissance b The derivation and meaning of the word utopia c Basic plot and characters of Utopia d Basics of Kant s ethics and how they relate to Utopian society 1 How deontological normative ethical theories differ from consequentialist ones 2 The categorical imperative and how it differs from hypothetical imperatives 3 The FUL and FH versions of the categorical imperative and how to apply them 439 The relationship of reason rationality freedom and morality in a Kantian View IAH ZO6SSll Exam 1 Review Ferkany General Information This exam will consist of about 30 fixedresponse questions ie truefalse multiplechoice in two parts There is no essay section The first part requires that you identify by sound the composer and composition of the works listed below and identify by sight the artist and artwork listed You will have about one minute for each identification question Relevant samples from all musical compositions will be posted to the IExtra MaterialsI folder of ANGEL for your use in studying Some artworks will also be posted You can easily find those that are not posted using a Google image search For the second part you will select the best answer to questions about the ideas we have discussed and the authors we have read You will have the full class period to complete the exam Please bring a 2 pencil to the exam Part I Music and Art Identification 1 Music Be prepared to identify by sound and know the name of the musician who composed any of the following a Franz Schubert Impromptu No 2 1 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Allegretto Piano Sonata k 570 c Franz Joseph Haydn Allegro from Symphony No 100 2 Art Be prepared to identify by sight and know the name of the artist who created any of the following a JeanHonore Fragonard The Swing I John Trumbull The Declaration of Independence c Francisco De Goya The Third of May 1808 cl Caspar David Friedrich IThe Polar Sea39 IXanderer Above the Sea of FogI e JacquesLouis David The Death of Marat f Joseph Wright of Derby An Iron Forge g Heinrich Feuger Prometheus Brings Fire to Mankind Part II Logic Technology and Progress Be prepared to answer multiplechoice true false questions about 1 Logic 3 Understand what arguments are be able to distinguish their parts 1 Understand what validity and soundness mean and how they are different c Be able to say whether simple argu1nents stated in the language of necessary and sufficient conditions are valid or invalid 2 Technology and Progress 3 Condorcet Techn p 39 tech r 39 39 techn 1 Ali in the r r l 39 I problem Condorcet39s politics and his relationship to the French Revolution time period of the Enlightenment and major historical trends of the Enlightenment how changes in keyboard technology affected Enlightenment era music I Frankenstein and Tenner when the movie was made basic plot and characters technological systems their parts revenge effects chronic and acute problems idealism and the artistic values of the romantic era experiences of the sublime horror and awe how changes in keyboard instrument technology affected Romantic era music Logic and Deductive Arguments 1 Arguments are sets of statements comprised of premises and a conclusion Premises are reasons offered in support of the conclusion 2 Deductive Validity Argument which if the premises were all true then the conclusion would have to be true Deductive Invalidity If and only if it is not valid Soundness If and only if it is valid and all of its premises are true 3 Modus Ponens E If P then Q E If P QThen Q is true Modus Tollens E If P then Q E P is falseNOT Q Then P is falseNOT Technology and Progress 1 Condorcet TechnoOptimism Believe technology is not responsible for social problems rather an important means to solution TechnoPessimism Believe technology IS responsible for social problems Emphasize the risk and cost of technological change Technology is unimportant to progress TechnoRealism Acknowledges both cost amp benefits of technology Population Problem Problem of the Enlightenment Era Overpopulation Condorcet amp French Revolution Only giant of the Enlightenment Era present at French Revolution In 1971 he was elected as the Paris representative in the Legislative Assembly and then became the Secretary of the Assembly The Assembly adopted Condorcet39s design for state education system He saw as embodying a great hope for his quotrationalistquot reconstruction of society He voted against the execution of the Louis XVI During his time of hiding he wrote his great humanitarian tract on the progress of the human spirit 1795 Enlightenment Period Newtonian physics scientific method displace ancient Aristotelian Catholic world view Enlightenment Period Affected Problems included Overpopulation Condorcet s reply quotThe progress of reason 2 Frankenstein 1931 amp Tenner Plot amp Characters Henry the Monster Elizabeth Henry s sister Maria dead girl Victor Elizabeth s fianc Dr Waldman Henry s old professor Baron Henry amp Elizabeth s father amp Fritz Henry s assistant Technological Systems Control of acute has indirectly promoted chronic problems Organization of knowledge people and things to accomplish specific practice goals Revenge Effects Revenge Effects are different than a side effect Many kinds of revenge effects Repeating Rearranging Repeating Re I quot 39 U U 39 U amp R U 39 U Effects Not all technology is highly vulnerable to revenge effects Chronic amp Acute Problems quotControl of the acute has indirectly promoted chronic problemsquot Tenner 26 Idealism amp Romantic Era Romantic Era Expression through improvisatory form sharp changes in rhythm and volume amp dissonant harmonies Greater expression of disorientation frustration amp anxiety Refinement of piano Romantic Era Affected New technology was the piano Before musicians used a harp plucked individual strings amp resulted in no volume control while playing No matter how hard or soft fingers are pressed down it would pluck each string at same volume With pianos there are mallets inside so they hit each string instead of plucking This will allow the player to be able to play softly and loudly and any volume in between 3 Collins amp Pinch pg 165774PDF15207189 Golem Without control a golem may destroy its master Golem science is not to be blamed for mistakes they are our mistakes A Creature of our art amp our craft Science amp Tech with Golem Experimenters regress distance lends enchantment evidential context science at the research frontier is a matter of skill requires expertise Does not imply that one person s view is as good as another s when it comes to scientific and technical matter 39Applied Science39 Problems of science in another form 39Experimenter s Regress It is hard for a test to have an definiteclearcut unambiguous outcome because one can never be sure whether the test has been properly conducted until one knows what the correct outcome should be O O OO O O IAH Unit 1 Notes Deductive ArgumentsSeptember 2nd 2010 Arguments are sets of statements comprised of premises and a conclusion Premises are reasons offered in support ofthe conclusion Good premises are TRUE bad ones FALSE But arguments are neither true nor false DEDUCTIVE arguments claim to prove their conclusion beyond all doubt Deductively good arguments are VALID and deductively bad ones are INVALID VALID argument is one in which if the premises were all true then the conclusion would have to be true INVALID argument is if and only if it is not valid Because a valid argument claims only that its conclusion is true if all of its premises are true some valid arguments may have false premises SOUND argument is IF amp ONLY IF it is valid and all of its premises are true MODUS PONENS and MODUS TOLLENS are two common valid argument forms Modus Ponens Premise If P then Q E P If there is fire then there is oxygen Premise If P P There is fire Conclusion Then Q C Then there is oxygen Modus Tollens P If P then Q E P When it is pouring then it is raining P Not Q P It is not raining C Then NOT P C Then it is not pouring HS P If P then Q E P IfJen leaves then Dan leaves P If Q then R P If Dan leaves then Justin leaves C Then if P then R C Then ifJen leaves Justin leaves DS P Either P or Q E P Either Barry Bonds did or didn t use steroids P Then not Q P Barry Bonds didn t not use steroids C Then must be P C Then Barry Bonds did use steroids Condorcet 39Future Progress of the Human Mind September 7th 2010 Marquis de Condorcet 0 French Mathematician 17431794 50 years old 0 Early advocate of equal rights for women amp all races equal public education liberal economy amp constitutionalism o Took part in French revolution which caused him to commit suicide 0 He accepts that there is no limit to human perfection o Embodied the ideals of the Age of Enlightenment amp rationalism Science Technology amp Progress 0 More better science quot9 Better technology quot9 Better quality of life more perfect humans Techno Optimism amp Pessimism o TechnoOptimists Tend to believe that technology is not responsible for social problems but an important means to their solution 0 Technology integral to progress 0 TechnoPessimism Tend to emphasize the risks and costs of technological change 0 Believe technology is responsible for many social problems Skeptical of quottechnological fixesquot to social problems 0 Technology unimportant to progress Condorcet39s ERA Age of Enlightenment o Newtonian physics scientific method displace ancient Aristotelian Catholic world view Van Doren 39History39 p207 Classical Music Forte aino p Mmquot 55323339 Latin for 17561791 39 Loud 5 ft Allegretto from Alleger frim D Sonata K ymp any 100 Problem for the Enlightenment Optimism o Overpopulation o Condorcet39s reply quotThe progress of reasonquot TechnoRealism o Acknowledge both costs amp benefits of technology 0 Technology can be controlled but humans MUST take responsibility to control it FrankensteinTenner Xerox ReaderSeptember 14th 2010 Frankenstein Symbol of Modern Pessimism 0 Mary Shelley amp 19th century pessimism 0 Published in 1918 Novel is far more tragic than Frankenstein 0 Novel subtitle the Modern Prometheus because themes ofthe over reaching of modern man into dangerous areas of knowledge I God who creates humans with clay the fire improves the humans knowledge I Zeus does not like Prometheus idea and is attacked by vultures every day I Greek for forethought and One Who Thinks Romantic Era Music 19th Centuer 0 Expression through irnprovisatory Schubert s hnpromptuas Op 90 N0 2 form Sharp Changes 111 rhythm and enabled by invention re nement of the dynamlcs volume d1ssonant piano harmonies 0 Greater expression of disorientation frustration anxiety What Reasons are there for pessimism History General Observation amp Nature of technological systems 1 T or F A revenge effect is the same thing as a side effect FALSE 2 Tor F There are many kinds of revenge effects TRUE Technologies are particularly given to revenge effects when They form tightly coupled 8 complex systems Ex Highways and Power Plants 4 T or F Are aHtechnologica systems highly vulnerable to revenge FALSE Tenner says 39Our control of the acute has 39 39 chronic r 39 39 39 pg 31 DJ Writing WorkshopSeptember 16th 2010 Writing offering reasons in defense ofthesis or claim about an issue Should be distinguisheddifferent from o Expressing one s opinion 0 Reporting 0 Narrative Writing 0 Explaining o Qualities ofa good thesis 0 Controversial I Bad Killing is immoral I Good Killing is immoral bc it deprives them ofa valuable future 0 Plausible o Precise and Particular I Bad vague Killing is sometimes morally permissible I Bad too general Killing is never morally permissible 0 Stages of writing process 0 Prewriting 0 Editing 0 Drafting o Revising o Prewriting Writing to yourself 0 What do I believe in and why Self exploratory scribbling o What have others said and why Data collectivesummarizing exploring the issue o What am I going to say and how am I going to say it Thesis and argument formulation strategic outlining o Drafting Writing to others 0 Writing a section 0 Fleshing out an argument or strategy outline 0 Try out an argument 0 TIP Write the body first with only a sketch of intro as guide Revise intro later 0 Revising New Writing 0 Get feedback change what you ve already done in light of new insights feedback 0 Thesis Making more specific narrower or switching positions 0 Body Deleting material that does not work and replace with new material 0 Editing 0 Correcting grammar spelling 0 Improving style 0 Restructuring the flow of the body Essay Structure 1 State thesis right up front or no preamble 2 Follow this with brief statements of reasons 3 Move directly into argument 4 Brief conclusion just restate argument in a light text body Collins and Pinch TechnologySeptember 21 2010 1 Being human is sufficient for being a mammal 2 If I am a mammal then I am a mammal I am not a mammal and then I am not a human VALIDModus Tollen 3 Is it sound False Premises need to be both correct here they are not both correct 4 Do Collins and Pinch seem as if science quotartlessquot NO FALSE 5 Smashing of nuclear fuel flask is a Demonstration or an Experiment Demonstration 6 Do Collins and Pinch believe that there is no such thing as scientific expertise NO FALSE Golem Science 0 Experimenter s Regress Distance Lends to Enchantment Evidential Context 0 The point lscience at science frontier is a matter of skill requires expertise Expertise Credibility Climate Change amp ValuesSeptember 28 2010 Credibility What a sourceclaim has when it can be trusted 0 Who can be trusted in climate change debate 0 Monckton is against Gore s values of climate change Gore is PRO Monckton is AGAINST Argument ad hominem o lTo the Person Commonly a fallacy 0 These are both examples of an ad hominem o quotGore is wrong about climate change he is a Liberalquot o Monckton is wrong about climate change he is a free market ideologue 0 When is doubt ofa sourceclaim not an ad hominem o Justified doubt about source s veracity objectivity accuracy 0 Source lacks relevant experience 0 Source s claim conflict with observation experience amp background information 0 Why Keep an Open Mind 0 Widely received views sometimes wrong 0 Establish institutions and risk of suppression Gardiner and Climate ChangeSeptember 30 2010 Issues 1 Is there significant uncertainty about climate change 2 Should we migrate climate change or just adapt to it 3 Uncertainty in the technical sense means an inability to assign probabilities to an outcome TRUE 4 Gardiner believes that the uncertainty surrounding climate change is so great we should do nothing about it FALSE Note about Kyoto 0 US only developed country that never signed the Kyoto 0 About to expire o No new legally binding agreement replaces it o WaxmanMarkey Bill 83 reduction of 2005 emissions by 2025 slightly more than 1994 emissions Cost Argument Abatement or Adaption The quotCOSTARGUMENTquot is an argument favoring adaption the cost of abating climate change in terms of GNP outweighs the benefits so we should just adapt to it 5 Which of the following is a reply Gardiner makes to lcost argument A At 2 GNP projected costs of climate change are minimal B Nordhaus s model is simplistic and embodies some very questionable assumptions C Some costs of climate cannot be captured in terms or economic costs and benefits D ALL OF THE ABOVE