PSYC 3707 Ch. 5
PSYC 3707 Ch. 5 PSYC 3707
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PSYC 1560 - 07
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cameron Cooke-Murphy on Monday March 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3707 at Youngstown State University taught by Dr. Sethi in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Intimate Relationships in Psychlogy at Youngstown State University.
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Date Created: 03/14/16
Chapter 5 Notes Romantic Love Passionate affection Strong emotion and feeling Desire to be together Sexual attraction Idealization and adoration Altruism and unselfishness Feelings of self confidence Sound Basis for Marriage? Romance brings us into possibly serious relationships Conscious Love o Romantic feelings towards someone whose real nature we know Romance can blind us to real nature Erotic Love Deep feeling of sexual desire and attractiveness Dependent Love Someone’s needs are fulfilled by another Why children “love” their parents Maslow’s Theory of Love as Need What we need from love “D” Needs o Biological, safety, belongingness, and selfesteem “B” Needs o Intellectual, aesthetic, and selfactualization Friendship Love Similar to companionate love Friends truly like each other and enjoy each other’s company Mature love includes liking Friendship Love VS. Romantic Love More o Relaxed o Secure Less o Tense and anxious o Possessive o Emotional Altruistic Love Unselfish active concern for others Includes o Care o Responsibility o Respect o Knowledge Domination is opposite of love Love In Successful Marriage Realistic romantic love Erotic love o Builds and strengthens bond Mutually dependent with give and take Friendship and companionship Altruistic genuine concern and care Components of Love Robert Sternberg 3 components of close relationships o Intimacy o Passion o Commitment Consummate love o The combination of intimacy, passion, and commitment Love and Attachment Explains how parental attachment affects romantic relationship Lasting relationships o Secure Fall in love often o Anxious/ambivalent Doubtful of romantic love o Avoidant Changes Over Time Young singles o More playful, obsessive, and possessive Older married o More practical Men and women had similar attitudes Theories of Mate Selection Psychodynamic Theories o Explains personality in terms of conscious and unconscious forces Parent Image Theory o A concept a child forms concerning the roles and characteristics of the personality of their parents Needs Theory o Explains how the needs for achievement, power, and affiliation affect the actions of people from a managerial context Exchange Theories o Explains social change and stability as a process of negotiated exchanges between people Developmental Process Theories o Divides child development into distinct stages which are characterized by qualitative differences in behavior The Field Of Eligibles o Propinquity o Attraction o Homogamy/heterogamy o Compatibility o The filtering process Family Background Factors Socioeconomic class o More satisfied if marry at same level o Women are more likely to marry down Education and intelligence o More stable of partners at similar levels o Divorce more likely if woman has more education Interracial and Interethnic Marriage Becoming more common o 7.5% of married couples Not yet fully accepted Interfaith Marriages Less likely if conservative or orthodox Becoming more common o Among highly educated couples Nonmarital Cohabitation Features Very common Can be advanced form of dating Doesn’t require marriage intention Patterns of relationships o Utilitarian o Involved and committed o Trial marriage o Marriage prelude o Marriage alternative Nonmarital Cohabitation Success Living together without marriage Lower commitment level Different characteristics Divorce rate higher unless already committed to getting married Marital Readiness Both people feel ready to be married Career preparation finished Emotionally mature Marrying for the right reasons Want to be sexually faithful Can transfer affection from parents Marriage and The Law States have different requirements Those with following can’t marry o Consanguinity: blood relation o Affinity: relation via marriage o Mental deficiency o Insanity Requirements for legal marriage Rites Of Passage A ceremony/event marking an important stage in someone’s life Engagement o Intermediate stage between courtship and marriage The wedding is a religious and civil rite
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