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EGY ARH 300 March 2nd Notes

by: Audrey Pontin

EGY ARH 300 March 2nd Notes ARH 300

Audrey Pontin
GPA 3.3

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About this Document

March 2nd (before Spring Break) notes
Egyptian Art
Nicholas F. Hudson
Class Notes
25 ?




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Audrey Pontin on Monday March 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 300 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Nicholas F. Hudson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Egyptian Art in Art History at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.


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Date Created: 03/14/16
The following ARH 300 notes are taken from Professor Hudson’s lecture on Feb 29 , 2016. Egyptian Art The Middle Kingdom (2050 BC and 1652 BC) The Beginning:  Mentuhotep st 1. Last king of the 1  Intermediate kingdom at Thebes 2. First king of the united Middle Kingdom Major Features of the Middle Kingdom: 1. Total Unification 2. Renewed external explorations and exploitation a. Trading posts in Sudan b. Mines and quarries reopened in Sinai and Nubia c. Trade re­established with Byblos and the Lebanon 3. Internal affairs: a. Massive irrigation system i. Draining lands ii. Shifting channels b. Land reclamation i. Especially in the Delta c. Fortification of the northern and southern boundaries Funerary Temple of Mentuhotep at Deir el­Bahari o Specific archeological site in Thebes o Devotional temple to Mentuhotep ca. 2050 BC  Features: o Large square platform  Not like mastaba, unique Egyptian creation o A central square element o Peripheral colonnade with porticoes  Porticoes: all sides o Large courtyard o Deep portico o Underground camber with Statue of Mentuhotep  Looks similar to Statue of Djoser  Mentuhotep wears white heb­set gown, celebrating jubilee   Symbolizes long stable reign and rule The following ARH 300 notes are taken from Professor Hudson’s lecture on Feb 29 , 2016.  Large legs: reginal flare with royal aspect  Wears red crown of the North o Relief of Mentuhotep colored  Different from Old Kingdom with large head, narrow waist, hint of  buttocks, straight contour legs.  Too many hands present; other hands belong to other figures, too many  shadows and false starts of where hands should be placed. o Other reliefs represent unification and depict actions of conquer and recreation  Done through might and military conquest  Influences? o Models of houses and noblemen from tomb of Meket­ra (high ranking  nobleman)  Also of everyday life tasks  Bakery­Brewery model  Granary model  Raising/counting of cattle  Slaughter House model th 12  Dynasty: A Golden Age of the Middle Kingdom *Co­regency  Amenemhet I (1991­1962)  Senusret I )1971­1926)  Amenemhet II (1929­1895)  Senusret II (1897­1878)  Senusret III (1878­1841)  Amenemhet III (1842­1797)  Amenemhet IV (1798­1786)  Queen Sobeknefru (1795­1782) th o Last ruler of the 12  dynasty The following ARH 300 notes are taken from Professor Hudson’s lecture on Feb 29 , 2016.  Amenemhet I o Important events: 1. Capital 2. Return of pyramid building  Pyramid at Lisht  Senusret I  o Pyramid at Lisht  Poor survival of pyramid  Construction of small blocks of stone   Weathered over time  Suffered from later periods use for easy already­cut sources of  stone o  used for making other structures  Statue of Osiris (Osiride)  Standing figure holding crook and flail  Representation of the king in funerary form (mummy)  God Osiris: God of the Underworld o Depicted wearing white crown, green skin o Wrapped up in mummy position  Statue of Senusret I  Derogative of Old Kingdom portraiture type o Less muscular o Hands closer to torso not holding anything o Appear young o Exaggerated ears  Might indicate kings are listening to people and citizens of  Egypt  servants of the Gods  Bridge between mortal world and divine  world o Wearing necklaces  Used to ward off evil o Building of Temple of Amun­Ra at Karnak  Red granite obelisk  Survives from sun temple  “White Chapel”; dedicated to Amun­Ra  God central to Thebes The following ARH 300 notes are taken from Professor Hudson’s lecture on Feb 29 , 2016.  Dismantled, built into other parts of sanctuary  Clean lines  Smooth­blocky surfaces  Tapered lines  Surfaces filled with inscriptions of Amun­Ra and his role in the  th universe and his connection with kings of the 12  dynasty  Introduction of Ithyphallic figure: figure with erect penis; symbol  of strength and fertility of the divine world o Amun­Min  Amenemhet II o Daughter of Amenemhet II  Depicted as a sphinx  Represents royal figures of the 12  dynasty  Wearing wigs of Queens  Senusret III o Similar statues to that of Senusret I  Non­muscular  Large ears  Much attention given to finishing back of statue as much as the front  Pillar identifying role of Senusret III and reign  Cube statues o Cubes of stone of seated figures with knees drawn in  Inscriptions  Queen Sobeknefu o Depicted similar to a man in statues o Wearing symbols of power through crown and jewelry  Pectoral  jewelry  Kerma: Lady Sennuwy of Asut o Statue of Governors wife  material emphasizes power


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