Anthropology Notes 3/15/16-Exam 3
Anthropology Notes 3/15/16-Exam 3 2597
Kutztown University of Pennsylvania
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melissa Metzgar on Monday March 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2597 at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania taught by Professor Ehrensal in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Intro to Cultural Anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.
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Date Created: 03/14/16
*Religion and Change Continued* Adaptations to Modernity -Deism: spread from French thinkers to Britain and the Americas → flourishes in the mid 1700s → typically educated individuals → how the universe works → belief in a creator and in creation, however the deity removed himself from the world after creation of the universe to create a world of men → men like Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, Ben Franklin -New Age: multicultural relativist thing → adaption to a multi-belief system -Spirituality: non-theistic forms of traditional religion → moved away from organized religion -Secular Humanism and Atheism Marriage and Kinship Kinship -symbolic determination of who are relatives and who are not -only partially related to biological relations Why It’s Important: Three Social Functions -Inheritance rights (most often material goods) -Social obligations to kin -Who you can marry (culturally different) Kinship and Descent Descent Group: a group claiming to have a common ancestor Family of Orientation: family you’re born into Family of Procreation: family you marry into Descent Groups -you frequently marry outside of -reckoning descent → unilineal descent ~only reckon kin through 1 of your parents (matrilineal or patrilineal, other side is “ignored”) → bilateral descent ~through both parents (our system) → clan system ~membership based on stipulated member claim ~no traceable lineage required, only legit logical claim Kinship Calculation→ answers: who are your relatives? Genealogical Kin Types vs. Kin Terms Kin Types: description of actual relationship, imposed from outside the culture Kin Terms: description of the relationship from those within the culture Kinship Terminology Lineal -Collateral kin (horizontal on family tree: brothers, sisters, cousins) -Linear kin (vertical on family tree: mom, dad, grandparents) -Affines: related through marriage, step relationships Bifurcate Merging Terminology -splitting terms between maternal and paternal lines -use same terms to label people of the same gender (mom, her sisters, her female cousins, and vice versa) -same levels of respect and authority to those with the same term Generational Terminology -single term applied to all male or female relatives of a single generation (older or younger respectively) Bifurcate Collateral Terminology -distinction between moms and dads relatives -terms for each relative respective to each side (different term for uncle on moms side than on the dad’s side) -used to specify the relationship -least common form of terminology
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