EGY ARH 300 March 14th Notes
EGY ARH 300 March 14th Notes ARH 300
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Audrey Pontin on Monday March 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARH 300 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Nicholas F. Hudson in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Egyptian Art in Art History at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.
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Date Created: 03/14/16
The following lecture notes are taken from Professor Hudson’s lecture on March 14, 2016. Egyptian Art Late Middle Kingdom: 2 ndIntermediate Period th 13 Dynasty (ca. 1773-1650 BC) Key features: o Smooth transition from 12 Dynasty o Maintained control of Upper and Lower Egypt o Lasted 70 years o Capital still at Itjtawy Royal figure depicted in less God like terms and more normal activities o Baby suckling from mother th th 14 Dynasty (contemporary with 13 Dynasty) Key features: o Little is known about the kings th o A dynasty set up parallel to 13 Dynasty o Minor kings, less powerful than 13 Dynasty 15 Dynasty (ca. 16501550 BC) Key features: o Called Hyksos: “Desert Princes” o Semitic kings, not from Egypt Most likely from Palestine o Capital = Avaris o Foreign kings controlled Delta and Eastern Delta Avaris (Tell elDaba): Fortress and Palaces structures o Frescos present, date questionable Reconstruction influence by Minoans of Crete, Greece Bull leaping of Knossos Blue only available from Egypt o Hyksos religious beliefs Introduced Phoenician goddess Astarte Large number of Hyksos scarabs found 2 ndIntermediate Period 16 Dynasty (contemporary to 15 Dynasty) th 17 Dynasty (15801550 BC) Key features: o Theban The following lecture notes are taken from Professor Hudson’s lecture on March 14, 2016. o Ruled from Abydos to Elephantine o Maintained much of the culture of the Middle Kingdom o Royal tombs were poor, cut into Theban hillside th o Story of Apepi I (Hyksos king) and Seqenenre Tao (17 Dynasty Theban king) Letter between kings on terms of complaints New Kingdom 18 -20 th th Dynasties ca. 1550-1069 BC 18 Dynasty (ca. 15501295 BC) Key features: o Founded by Ahmose I th Son of Seqenenre (17 Dynasty) o Theban o Expelled the Hyksos from Egypt o Forced Nubians into submission o Secured the Syrian border The Early Kings: o Amenhotep I (15251504 BC) Few records of his own words Continued his father’s campaigns against Nubia and Libyans Initiated temple works at Karnak First king to locate his mortuary temple away from his tomb o Tuthmosis I (15041492 BC) Not the son of Amenhotep I Husband of princess Ahmose, daughter of Ahmose I Highly successful military campaigns Fostered rise of power of the priests of Amun at Karnak o Tuthmosis II (14921479 BC) Youngest son of Tuthmosis I by a minor wife Married Hatshepsut, daughter of Tuthmosis and Queen Ahmose Died young – left one very young son (Tuthmosis III) Ruled for 14 years with Hatshepsut o Tuthmosis III (1479 1425 BC) Very young when placed on the throne Stepmother/ Aunt Hatshepsut acted as regent Within 2 years the throne was usurped by Hatshepsut Sent off to military to become general In Hatshepsut’s hope of being killed o Hatshepsut (14731458 BC) Statue of Hatshepsut Red granite Wearing gown yet still wears king’s hedjset The following lecture notes are taken from Professor Hudson’s lecture on March 14, 2016. Daughter of Tuthmosis I and Queen Ahmose Expanded trade with southern kingdom of Punt Built large mortuary temple Name eventually erased from history after passing Two new crowns appearing in New Kingdom Period: Atef crown: two large feathers and horns o Both symbols associated with Amun Blue crown: royal crown of New Kingdom Period o Outline role of king as military leader and leader of religious rituals.
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