History 150: Exam 3 material
History 150: Exam 3 material 150
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rachel Rusnak on Monday March 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Malone in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 03/14/16
3/14/16: World War 1 World War I ***test questions*** Events in the summer of 1914 (thndout). o Defining event of the 20 century. o Huge impact on the social, economic and political system. o It was a war unlike Europe had ever seen. o June 28: Assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand. By member of Serbian terrorist organization. o Group was dedicated to the creation of the Slavic state. Austria declared was on Serbia. o The alliances in place and war plans turned the conflict between Austria and Serbia into a conflict between the major powers in Europe. o August 4, 1914: World War 1 began. Central Powers: Austria and Germany. VS. Allied Powers: Russia, France, and Britain. Italy (1915). United States (1917). The mood in Europe at the outbreak of war in August 1914. o Europe’s first industrial war. Stephen Zweig. “The first shock at the news of war…has suddenly been transformed into enthusiasm. There were parades in the streets, flags, ribbons, and music burst forth everywhere, young recruits were marching triumphantly, their faces lighting up at the cheering they John Does and Richard Roes who usually go unnoticed and uncelebrated.” “We’ll be home at Christmas.” “A rapid excursion into the romantic, a wild, manly adventure that is how the war of 1914 was painted in the imagination of the simple man, and the young people were honestly afraid that they might miss the most wonderful and exciting experience of their lives.” o Thought that war was the ultimate male experience. Adolf Hitler. “Overpowered by storming enthusiasm, I fell down on my knees and thanked Heaven for granting me the good fortune of being permitted to live at this time.” o They expected this to be a short war. Looked back on all of the other wars in European history. World War I will be a new kind of war: o (1) Weapons chemical warfare. War of “Man against Machine.” Mass produced and used devastating weapons. 3/14/16: World War 1 More men will become causalities of the artillery. “Big Bertha” gun. o Shot out bullets that weighed about 1 ton. o (2) New mode of fighting. Chemical warfare. Chorine. Mustard gas. o Both produced by Beyer Aspirin Company. April 22, 1915 @ 5:30 p.m. First effective use of poisonous gas. Germany used chlorine gas. September 15, 1916: The British used their new weapon. o The tank. The airplane entered the war. Trench warfare. Mid 1917: The Germans were the first country to use mustard gas. Stimulated new ways of protecting oneself from this gas. o Gas masks. o Urine soaked cloth covering the nose and mouth of the soldiers. o (3) Total war. The government will mobilize their whole population and resources. Expanded their power over the people and the economies. The War Begins…. Germany began to implement its Schlieffen Plan. o Constructed in 1905. o To fight a twofront war with France and Russia. Fight their way through Belgium into France, with their main target to capture Paris. After they capture Paris, send troops eastward into Russia. September 5, 1914. o The German army was closing in on its target. 3/14/16: World War 1 Paris. September 610, 1914. o German army troops: 900,000. o French army troops: 1,012,000. o British troops: 70,000. o The Battle of the Marne. Britain and France stopped Germany’s advance into Paris. Saved Paris and the Schlieffen Plan was destroyed. Germany retreated. Fall of 1914. o Both sides dug trenches and constructed what became known as the Western Front trenches. Germany VS. France and British.
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