Society and the Individual (D)
Society and the Individual (D) ISS 210
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Buster Heller on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ISS 210 at Michigan State University taught by Jessica Garcia in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 117 views. For similar materials see /class/207745/iss-210-michigan-state-university in Integrative Studies Social Sci at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/19/15
1 IMMIGRATION 0 18201924 immigration waves from N and S Europe Immigration Act of 1924 o Restrictive quotas on all Europeans o Prohibited all Asians except Philippines 0 Mexican Americans exempt until 1930 Big 5 CA NY IL TX FL 90 now are nonEuropeans 1 million enter legally 152 Million is illegal immigrants 2 DREAM ACT 3 GOV 0 Age 1235 In US before age 16 Moral Character Served in military or attended college for 2 years Granted quotnonImmigrant status eligible for residency and citizenship Not in effect right now Arizona is against immigration ERNMENT HEALTH PLANS Medicare Government aid for elderly Medicaid Government aid for the poor Hospice Relieves pain suffering Emphasizes palliative care vs curative care 0 People in the last phases oflife suffering from an incurable disease Public Health Care 0 Government Obama care Everyone with a quick x Private Insurance 0 Nongovernment insurance 0 Will be helped more and better but 0 Rising costs leave many uninsured or underinsured sofor upper Class For Profit Hospitals workers bene t 0 Patient Dumping denying patients Managed Cure Networks wealthy bene t 0 Med lining avoiding taking care of sick patients 4 APPROACHES TO UNDERSTANDING SOCIAL PROBLEMS Person blame the assumption that social problems result from the pathologies of individuals 0 Emphasis on cultural deprivation the culture ofa group is inferior or deficient compared to the majority culture 0 Consequences I Shifts the blame from institutions to individuals to the system goes unchallenged The welloff retained their advantages Treats the symptoms and not the disease Iustifies the logic of social Darwinism System Blame The assumption that social problems result from social conditions Social Darwinism the placement of people in the stratification system is a function of their ability and effort By this logic the poor are the poor because they are dregs of society in short they deserve their fate as do the successful in society Thus this viewpoint little sympathy eXists fro government programs to increase welfare to the poor Relates to the person blame approach 5 POOR 132 Americans live in poverty Official poverty line 3 times more likely to live in poverty then whites then Latinos then Asians then whites By gender women are more likely because they raise kids and earn 7 to every dollar By age 15 20 kids live in poverty divorce and female headed house holds 0 Close to double 40 for single parents By geography south has highest rate ofpoverty bc of large minority population Midwest is 2 101 because of manufacturing plants Race African Americans are 3X s more likely to live in poverty then whites 6 ELDERLY ABUSE IN NURSING HOMES Between 45 ofpeople 65 are confined to nursing homes 0 Residents are typically 75 0 Female 0 White No federal standards 0 Nearly 1 in 3 homes have been cited by state inspectors for abusing patients 0 9 of 10 facilities are understaffed and under regulated 0 As many as 5 out of 6 cases of elder abuse go unreported o 14 of developed world is 65 bc ofbaby boom 7 MATERNAL MORTALITY o 8 SCHOOL DAYS 536000 women died in childbirth in 2009 99 in poor countries Americans spend 05 as much on maternal health as military The number of maternal deaths is increasing Bush proposed 18 cut in USAID for maternal and child care MMR the number of maternal deaths for every 100000 live births 0 Ireland 1100000 die safest 0 Sierra Lion 21000100000 Most dangerous Life time risk across lifetime ofa women increasing Niger is most dangerous France amp US has 180 days Iapan amp South Korea has 243 days 0 Concentration of the power by the elite o Plutocracy oligarchy know these 0 Interest of the powerful are served politically o The richest 1 of households own 338 of the nations private wealth o More then the combined wealth of the bottom 90 o 1960 The average CEO was paid 40Xs more then the average worker I 2007 344Xs o Regressive taX Increased taX benefits for the wealthy 10amp11 HTS STATISTICS o Maternal Mortality see above 0 Disease Burden in subSaharan Africa 0 11 of worlds inhabitants are in subSaharan Africa I But they suffer 24 of worlds disease burden I And they only receive 1 of worlds health care spending 0 Microcredit Facts 0 Microcredit is provided by MFI microfinance institutions I Small credit to rural poor who are landless creates self employment and poverty alienation o Mohammad Yunus father of microcredit Grameen bank 28 million borrowers of the 43000 villages in Bangladesh 96 women I Concern for family wellbeing I Better for family wellbeing I Desire to change 0 99 recovery rate quotThe poor always pay back I 1St time being trusted with money I Desire to prove themselves I Failure to repay promptly is function of circumstance with time they will pay back in full 0 Percent oflegislators that are women 0 In US 17 are female 6 of 10 richest selfmade women in the world are Chinese 50 of college students are women 36 of labor force is women Rwanda pres Paul Kagame s quota 30 women in parliament but have 55 females Largest share of female members and first to have majority female 00 O O O O O DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION 0 West coast Asian 0 South west Mexican 0 East European 0 Stages 1 Blend by Assimilation process by which individuals or groups adopt the culture ofa new group loosing their original identity N Adversarial Resistance resist new culture completely Resistance through Social network passive resistance Maintain culture through others of native culture Restaurants 4 Bicultural two separate lives At home and certain networks is with native culture Job is in new culture 13 EDUCATION 0 How well is education working in the US 0 Worst compared to others 0 Lack of curriculum standardization 0 Not good We are killing creativity By focusing mainly on math and science we limit the areas of study that students can go into and the number of different jobs that will be available 0 What is the purpose of the education system in the US 0 Maintenance in society put everyone on the same page 0 What is quottrackingquot 0 Idea is that it puts students in a better fit environment 0 Reinforces stratification I EX Lower class and 39not so smart students are placed in a different track then higher class and 39higher educational students 0 Stigma I Only attached with low level groups 0 Selffulfillingprophecy I Ifyou re thought to do well placed in higher track you will do better If your thought to do not so good and placed in a lower track you won t receive as hard of homework won t apply yourselfas much and won t get as good of an education 0 Future payoff I Lower classes think what s the point of trying And give up on their futures Expect not as good of futures as high track students 0 Students subculture can perpetuate inequality 0 What changes have been proposed to start reforming schools in the US 0 1 Decreasing class size 0 Year round schools 0 Decrease funding disparities across states and districts 14 HEALTH CARE 0 Rising health care costs 0 In 2009 Americans spent 25 trillion on health care 0 173 ofthe GDP 0 more then any other nation 0 System is inefficient 0 Driven by profit 0 US spends 50 more per capita on health care then any other country 0 US ranks 47th in average life expectancy 539quot 0 US ranks 54th out of191 countries in terms of the fairness Many physicians practice Defensive Medicine procedures to prevent from lawsuit 0 Medlining Avoiding taking care of sick patients 0 15 DEMOGRAPHY Women average life expectancy 80 men 75 0 Why Stress aggressive jobs war White females black females white males black males live longest 0 Why Higher rates of unemployment stress poorer no health insurance 25 of elderly live in CA FL NY 0 Why Young people live in cities now less people to take care of elderly in rural areas more isolated 10 ofpeople 65 are poor 50 ofpeople live in cities 16 SOCIALISM amp CAPATLISIM Test stuff socialist countries are supposed to be a demography in pure form why is US not a truly capitalist community Capitalism 0 Private ownership 0 Personal profit 0 Competition 0 Adam smith is godfather oflaissezfaire Socialism mean so fproduction owned by the people for their collective benefit Must be democratic o Egalitarianism equality of opportunity 0 Community cooperation with everyone 0 Results in high taX rates and common good benefits 0 Public ownership ofmeans of production owns the industries 0 Planning to meet common goals Government sets prices and wages US is more capitalistic but part socialistic because government interferes in things like FDA work place safety and environment and taxes are levied for the common good Swedish welfare state socialist 0 National health insurance 0 Family support free prenatal care and medical and dental care are free for kids under 20 o Elderly care get fully pension housing free institutionalized care 0 Housing 0 TaX 542 ofGDP GET 5 THINGS FROM ALEXANDRA 17 GREAT RECESSION Perfect Storm helped cause great recession bad loans Iob loss Bad investments
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