Ntl Diversity & Change US (N)
Ntl Diversity & Change US (N) ISS 335
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Buster Heller on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ISS 335 at Michigan State University taught by Desiree Qin in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see /class/207746/iss-335-michigan-state-university in Integrative Studies Social Sci at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/19/15
ISS FINALREVISED Globaization it s what happens when the movement of people goods or ideas among countries and regions accelerates 4 pillars of globalization CuMPT culture increasing deterritorial of nationstates amp cultural formations migration new population movements amp worldwide immigration politics the coming of global markets technology new information amp communication technologies Globaization is NEW History of Globalization 14921565 new trade across ocean introduced communication amp trade 16501790 forced African amp slave migration 18801930 people wanting our stuff and we exporting it to them in the Belle Epoque era ofart and culture refinement in society 1985NOW still at beginning stages amp weak in comparison to Belle Epoque Foreign Born Populations Australia23 Switzerland225 Canada19 Germany125 US 123 Sweden 121 Total Immigrants in world 175 million US Immigration History 385 million foreign born Since 1990 million immigrants enter yr Authorized amp unauthorized immigrant pop dropped over last 2 yrs New economics of labor migrationrelated decisions being made by larger units of interrelated people Biggest US ethnic group Latinoa Americans Hart Cellar Act 1965 allows more people to enter the US amprestricts a separate quota from refugees 3 Stages of Historical ImmigrationMigration Classic Era 18801930 1924 Immigration Act restricting immigration Hiatus 19301970 cold war end of depression 1965 Hart Cellar Act New Immigration 1970 NOW Why Hiatus Great depression WWII Cold war barred Eastern Europe from coming made European countries destinations themselves for immigrants Post1965 New Immigration great diversity in education and professional background of immigrants 130 languages great majority of immigrants come from Latin America immigration acculturation acquiring of linguistic amp job skills amp participation in the political process straight line assimilation immigrants do better over time amp generations muticutured lives American dream is harder to achieve Globaization 10 countries Globaization 20 companies Globaization 30 individuals Risks of globalization gap between rich amp poor 25 of pop is poor that makes up 15 of country s wealth terrorist activities Alcada borderless organization diseases swine SARS hard to control bc of globalization Tradition amp Giddens invented amp reinvented traditionsamp rituals we re losing our traditions today addiction anxietydriven repetition identity amp self need for counseling psychoanalysis selfhelp groups Famiy amp Giddens Traditional family Love amp marriage very recent Family amp marriage are becoming what Giddens called Shell Institutions legit changes have happened where on the outside things look the same but on the inside things have changed Outsourcing Technology time differences different wages Homesourcing 16 of US labor force 235 million work home According to Friedman in The World is Flat homesourcing is when people increasingly work at home for corporations across the country Sherry Turkle 84 Habit of Mind We can be a loner yet never be alone find companionship without the demands of friendship we can become expert dissociator physic pain avoidance Gardner amp importance of Education From disciplinary to multidisciplinary education New abilities in how to perform jobs in era of globalization Gardner amp PreCollegiate Educational Requirements Capacity to think analytically amp creatively within disciplines Ability to interact with individuals of different cultures Knowledge 8 respect for one s own personal cultural traditions Bloom amp Importance of Education Developing world progress made on elementary school education is good but middle amp high school process is patchy V of secondary school aged children in developing countries are enrolled in school South Asia amp Saharan Africa are lagging behind James Watson amp Perception of Culture Perceived culture to be a set of ideas attributes amp expectations that is constantly changing as people react to changing circumstances no longer preprogrammed mental library Direction of Globalization Not one way bidirectionality of cultural flowsglobalization Reason for Angry Chinese Youth Internet freedom Globalization Grassroots political identity Too much westernization Americanization of Mental Illness Depression Posttraumatic stress disorder amp anorexia quotnow appear to be spreading across cultures with the speed of a contagious disease no labelno disorder we treat people more harshly when they problems are described in disease terms instead of psychological terms people with schizophrenia in developing countries appear to be far better than those in industrialized nations Marceo SuarezOrozco s Motivational Factors for Immigrants Economic Seeking asylum Family reunification Social capital theory Cumulative causation of migration Globalization nstrumental Culture economic value skills competencies amp social behaviors necessary to make a livingamp contribute to society Expressive Culture social value values worldviews patterning of interpersonal relations amp sensibilities that give meaning amp sustain sense of self Remittances transfers of money by foreign workers to their home countries Doug Massey Why Immigration HappensContinues to Happen THEORIES Push Factors Neoclassical Theory of International Migration cost of benefit calculations Mexican gang going to America to make 8x more new economics of labor migration form of investment that diversifies the risks have multiple people in family do different jobs 1 Bank 2 Store 3 USA Structural Theory of International Migration families pushed out by industrialization forced to go somewhere else Pull Factors Segmented Labor Market Theory structural inflation move up in job level social constraints on motivation duality of capital amp labor constraint needed for people working in secondary jobs M Immigrants 112 Mexico 95 Canada 69 India Assimilation when people interpret and fuse to other memories sentiments amp attitudes of others sharing their experience amp history and incorporate with them into a common culture Structural Assimilation material things ie accepted into getting house Cultural Assimilation personal culture e what s inside Assimilation has changed from classic era to NOW melting pot 7 forms Cultural Structural Marital Attitude receptional Civic Indentificational Behavior receptional Marceo SuarezOrozco s Critique of Classic Model here poor TO there American Dream unilinear nonreversible continuous moves towards finish line of the middle class white protestant European American framework dominant society Patterns of 2nd Generation Assimilation segmented 3 elevators ie education human capital receiving context immigrant family amp community Arguments started by Assimilation don t address globalization does not include alternative pathways isolation selfghettoization parallel societies does not consider situation facing the post1965 new immigrants SuarezOrozco s quotUtopiaquot education level children s education Suarez Orozco s quotDystopiaquot poorly educated poorly paid jobs What impacts how immigrants cope w stress were they pushed or pulled out of their country of origin children have little understanding of the reason behind motivation to migrate pre immigration stress amp trauma are critical to adapt socioeconomic background personality amp sensitivity factors possessing language of country rural to urban shift Concept of social mirroring 15 children in US are immigrants they are affected by pressures of migration little studies that have focused on the psychological experiences of immigrant children How social mirroring impacts children identity formation discrimination racism recurring themes they face daily they are aware of the hostility from dominant culture recessive negative distortion of the false bad at school every day so positive mirroring from parents is insufficient Eric Liu amp his identity formation lack of chineseness idolized father son if immigrants from Taiwan he said quotsome are born white others achieve whiteness others have whiteness thrust upon them quotassimilation giving uptrading to dark side assimilation is the easy way out taking on the subordinate role of being white is much easier amp more common than people challenging this Richard Rodriguezamp his identity formation teachers enforced that at his home English should only be spoken Spanish made his feel comfortable he felt lost when English was enforced trouble knowing how to address people Mother amp Father couldn t respond in Spanish bc of the dramatic change Rodriguez s stand on bilingual language diminishes private individuality w bilingual education not achieving public individuality Alienation is different for middle amp working class families Reason for alienation in Chinese immigrant families development separation lack of time together language barriers high education pressure Parallel Duel Frame of Reference parents expect their children to be like the when they were little and children expect parents to be like American parents mmigrant Children Hardships lack of communication language barriers fitting in but keeping family s culture Lost Boys tremendous trauma before ambiguous loss reestablishing relations with family members used technology to communicate phone calls difficulty believing it was them Ambiguous Loss Type 1 physically absent but psychologically present Type 2 physically present but psychologically absent bc of dementia addiction or depression mpact of ambiguous loss on children depression nightmare Psychoogica cost of the model minority do poorly socially depressed amp stressed lower self esteem lonely Psychoogica challenges faced by Asian American youth child amp parents schedules overlapping do not see other much parents tend to ignore other aspects of child s life besides school Challenges Chinese American students face in peer relations physical amp verbal abuse bullied name called teases for speaking broken English HH s drinking amp smoking academic preference not important home life is unstable relationships are hit amp quit source of income is stealing and