ARCH 2243 - 00, Week #8
ARCH 2243 - 00, Week #8 ARCH 2243 - 001
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley on Monday March 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARCH 2243 - 001 at University of Arkansas taught by Kim Sexton in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see History of Architecture II in Architecture at University of Arkansas.
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Date Created: 03/14/16
372016 Empowered Indigenous Architects and a New World Baroque Sagrario Metropolitano Mexico City Mexico 18th cent Lorenzo Rodriguez Baroque amp S Francisco at Acatepec near Puebla Mexico 18th cent Baroque V quotTT39 a 1iquot J u 4quot Iquot A39tv l I 1 aw mnesgsm I 7 i I 1 E r 7339 f r quot quot quot I quot W 393 I quot 7 1 quot1 quot t iurlf ig 39 I u i 391 1 I quotMali i H 74quot A i 39 I a 39 739 i C 39 I Il r l I 39 quot quotMILE i l 39l 39i p 39 t I l z 1 1 17 ft 0 Context 0 mining towns 0 Silver boom 9 economic opportunity and artistic confidence 9 colonial golden age 0 Exterior 0 Baroque energy I Cap molding energized o enclosing wall 0 externalization of huge altarpiece onto the facade o Exuberance o Modulating classical orders I Estipites front two colomns 339 Inverted columns v Segmented v Changes form as it progresses 339 Stacked capitals 339 Spanish mannerism I Interestipites 339 Niche has moved forward to stake a claim as an intermediate support 0 Estipite a key weapon in the victories of excess over reason and of decoration over structure 0 Vertical Movement I Arrows moving up stopping at cornice to make a trapezoid that keeps going up 0 Transgression as drama 0 Harness indigenous values to transform European architectural style I Animated substance 9 surfaces do not feel European Reversal of European hierarchy of subject and frame 392016 Craft and Technology in the East Building a MultiEthnic Islamic Capital in Early Modern Iran I Isfahan City Plan Isfahan Iran 16th to 17th cent Iranian Persian 0 Context Tabrizabad 3r neighborhood Great Friday Mag o y mag old palace 0 6 35 3 NewJulfa r l Armenian Christian l suburb Guebrabadsuburb Zoroastrians later 500 m royal hunting ground 0 A multi ethnic state based on trade 0 Old Isfahan Public land owned by public authority The streets were very curvy and organic You didn t have to ask the town if you wanted to make changes to your house just ask neighbor 4iwan mosque Piers not covered by plaster but round bricks 339 How things are built with how they appear 0 Grid system of New Isfahan New universalism Everything has a sacred orientation New maidan hing between the old and the new 0 Group Thinking Challenged o 85 of silk in Europe came from here at the time 0 New J ulfa one of the towns of the new area Armenian Christian suburb Follows the very planned paths 0 Urbanistic Prinicples o Ran through the whole city 392016 o Bridges provided little blocks of stores 0 Show off the city to its own inhabitants viewing points 0 Very very straight 0 Before in the old area the main street was I Curving I Covered with cloth of vaulting 0 Great accessibility to trade 0 Royal Bazaar international commerce upper level goods II Safavid Royal Palace Isfahan Iran 17th cent Iranian Persian BEErquot 39 JIM1quot n II 7 I 1234 quot 39 4 0 Context 0 Same as above 0 Ruler Ideology o What kind of ruler are you I Power coming from the fact that your people never see you I Power coming from the fact that your people love you unconditionally o Palace designed to frame a charismatic emperor I Porch banquet hall private area I Paintings that show he is a great host and giving to his party guests 0 Style 0 Symbolize porches of tall columns I Very thin columns echo the Royal Palace at Persepolis Iran 0 Global Commerce in uenced interior design I The top oor of Ali Qapu gatehouse with Chinese porcelain patterns and vase shapes 392016 I Glazed re ective surface ornament 0 Landscape o Openness to the trade system 0 Many small gardens though III Shaykh Lutfallah Mosque Isfahan Iran 17th cent Iranian Persian 0 Context 0 Same as above 0 Exterior 0 Looks like its covered with textile o Expresses volume rather than structure 0 Polychromatic surface colorism the indigenous Iranian aesthetic makes a comeback o Commerce and piety o Mosaic is the most time consuming and expensive but the cheaper one is just by using paint 0 Mysticism 0 Geometry and Plan I has to be turned to face Mecca BUT its not exactly orientated correctly so they create a pathway to fudge it a little I brightness to darkeness moment of disorientation 0 Light and Color I light comes in through screens in the long hallway I the main room is FULL of color 339 Blues and turquoise 339 Gold and yellows 0 Ethnic Signature Style 0 Lighting is coming in every other window and is refracted through three layers of tile 0 The walls seems to look so thin and delicate 0 Trade is seen when you look at some things cause they look like middle eastern rugs 3112016 MultiFaith Settings in the East Palace and Mausoleum in Mughal India 1 Royal Palace at Fatehpur Sikri Fatehpur Sikri India 16th cent Mughal 0 Context 0 Akbar s devotion to Su saint Salim Chishti whose herrnitage was in Sikri o 1571 Akbar s wife gives birth to son predicted by Salim Chishti o 1573 Akbar successfully defeated the Islamic sultan at Gujarat 0 Parts 0 Bazaar 0 Mint 0 Palace state buildings 0 Palace domestic quarters o Mosque for Salim Chishti 0 Town of Sikri o Ruler Ideology 0 Not a traditional emperor 0 Possible source for the plan of the royal palace I Not about symmetry unlike Palace of Versailles I Looks kind of like Mughal Military Encampment 339 Made up of tents like the public audience halls from the royal palace 339 This was symmetrical though which is very unlike the royal palace I Temporary use of the Royal Place shows that Emperor Akbar s being is where power is not only the Royal Palace 3112016 0 v If Akbar travels there is now the place of power not the Royal Palace 0 Palace plan re ect Akbar s daily routine I So many different pavilions I Courtyards arranged in unpredictable patterns I Different levels not one continuous plain o Aspects of Akbar s palace design might have alienated orthodox Islamic clergy and scholars I Orientation of the whole palace 339 Mosque faces Mecca 339 The rest of the Royal Palace faces Mecca as well but in a sense when people are in there and praying the will be facing Akbar 0 Political Policy 0 He accepted all religions I One of his wives was Hindu he is Muslim and he didn t make her convert 0 Evidence in the plan of the palace for ecumenism I The square and the singleness of God I A garden evoked rather than present paradisical imagery I Unity of the open plan based on modules and ratios 0 Style 0 Thoroughly Hindu Style I Aspect of his universal tolerance o Constructional Method and basic unit I Overriding use of trabeation 339 Post and lintel units I Basic unit of a kiosk as a building blockunit I Pavilion Buildings 339 Simple unit surround by a porch I All red sandstone I Serpentine Brackets 339 When there isn t an arch between columns 0 Unique buildings housed activities related to Universal Toleration I Private Audience Hall DiwaniKhas 339 GIANT capitals 339 On top of the column is a gathering space with four catwalks coming from comers I Anup Talao pool inversion of paradise garden char bagh design 3112016 11 Taj Mahal Agra India 17th cent Ustad Ahmen Lahori Mughal 1 55 a 0 Context 0 Return to orthodoxy building real domes and not corbelled ones 0 Shah J ahan absolute ruler I Built this mausoleum for his favorite wife that died while having their 14th child I People think when he died he wanted to be buried there as well 0 Precedents o Mausoleum of Humayun in Delhi I Typical Mughal mausoleum 339 Wall 339 Paradise garden 339 Mausoleum o The middle has the 4 rivers coming out of the paradise garden 0 Some people called it the illumined tomb due to it being all white and looking as if it was glowing o Psychological Purpose 0 Henri Lefebvre to negate the space of death transmute the fear of the passage of time into something else 0 Paradise garden setting imporatance I Lotus owers fill the paradise garden but also are shown in the mosaics and reliefs I It represents splendor and promise for the future of your eternal rest 0 Building materials affect I The mausoleum is elevated on a sort of pedistol I The gateway and wall around the whole site is red sandstone with white articulation 339 This makes the white illumine tomb set apart even more 0 Numerology assist in easing anxiety in passage from life to death I Emphasis on the number 8 3112016 I Octagonal chamber in the middle with an octagonal screened enclosure with the two tombs in the center of it 339 The actual coffin is much lower in the basement but right under those tombs I Number 8 signifies that which is beyond time 339 Date of initiation 0 Style 0 Balanced building through proportion 0 Top domecircles and bottom squarerectangle are both equal sections 0 4 minarets unnecessary because it is not a mosque I They seem to be kind of like a measuring device of the building 0 Tension between surface and depth I Depths are super super deep to create great shadows I Surface element has a very thin depth 0 Beautiful visual tension 0 Symbolism 0 As if you are looking at a picture of the throne of God I On judgement day the throne is carried by four angels 339 Four angels four minarets 0 Landscape o Perfectly aligns with the whole thing even though it crosses the river I The river then becomes the other cross axis 0 There was a pavilion in the center of the pool 0 Lotus owers everywhere 0 White stone octagonal seating 0 To cool off at night with the smell of owers and the view of the Taj Mahal 0 Not really for pleasure but for contemplation and pleasure of sorrow o The Taj Mahal is re ected in the river AND the pool of the Moonlight Garden 0 The river is actually one of the four rivers of paradise