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Soc Different & Inequality (D)

by: Buster Heller

Soc Different & Inequality (D) ISS 215

Buster Heller
GPA 3.91

Fayyaz Huissan

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About this Document

Fayyaz Huissan
Class Notes
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Popular in Integrative Studies Social Sci

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Buster Heller on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ISS 215 at Michigan State University taught by Fayyaz Huissan in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see /class/207759/iss-215-michigan-state-university in Integrative Studies Social Sci at Michigan State University.


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Date Created: 09/19/15
Lecture One Structural Functional Perspective What is Structural Functional Perspective 0 Structural Functionalism looks at the social system as an integrated whole It suggests that both parts and whole are functional and produce equilibrium Functionality may be 0 Individualsocial system that is responsible for needs of the family 0 Interpersonalacross humans relations 0 Societal highest level the relations between states andor countries Main Features All societies have some type of system according to functional perspectiveeven if it s a poor system that is unorganized Systems have to have people To fill population gaps countries would let immigrants in but don t anymore We now eliminate immigration which is a blow to countries To have a growing population you need to have more people born then people that die 0 Society as an integrated whole 0 Systematic 0 Individuals are indispensable 0 Temporary imbalancesimbalances in population Ex 3 looney randomly shooting at children Some of these imbalances can be good for a society because then people in the society have to fix the problem to be balanced again they learn from their experiences EX 911 was an imbalance but our society learned and has prevented it from happening since 0 Dysfunctional elements leading to social integration and equilibrium Dysfunctional people are considered functional people because they keep the economy in balance EX if no one committed crimes then we would need police judges etc 0 Social change is evolutionary 0 Social integration through legitimization of social economic and political structure 0 Social strati cation is good Pioneers 0 August Comte 17981857 0 Organic Whole 0 Individuals are functional 0 Equilibrium 0 Herbert Spencer 18201903created the term social Darwinism Survival of the fittest living organism on earth has a relationship with their environment and the ones most fit for their environment survive and prosper Humans are used in this concept as the ones who are smart mentally fit and succeed 0 Social Organicism I Growth and Development I Increase in size leading to increase in complexity and differentiation I Differentiation in structure leading to differentiation in function 0 Emily Durkheim 18581917 0 Social Organism o Interrelationship of parts and whole 0 Talcott Parsons 19021979 0 Functional Imperatives I Adaption I Goal Attainment In every society you are given certain aspirations Exmoney family property power and education I Integration I Latency 0 We should preserve traditions values old way of life 0 To create a society where there is a constant boost of energy to stay alive Part 2 Social Differentiation 0 Classification of individuals into various socially recognizable different groups Such classifications may include social class race ethnicity religion gender and age Social Inegualiy and Social Stratification o A system of ranking individuals in terms of their access to and possession of the things valued by their society 0 When you do not have access or possession of valuable things you will be considered inferior Stratification Systems 0 The Caste System Hindu Caste System 0 Brahmans from mouth Khashtriyas from arms Vaisyasfrom thighs Shudrasfrom feet Harijansoutcastes these are considered to be the untouchables 0000 I Example After an earthquake bodies had to be separated into 4 piles for separate races The quot39 39 of Social Strati cation in the US 0 Economic 0 Occupation 0 Income 0 Wealth 0 Status 0 Personal Prestige 0 Association 0 Socialization 0 Political Gilbert and Kahl Model 0 Capitalist Class 1 0 Upper Middle Class 14 0 Middle Class 30


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