Global DivrstyInterdepend (I)
Global DivrstyInterdepend (I) ISS 315
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Buster Heller on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ISS 315 at Michigan State University taught by Morris Thomas in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 9 views. For similar materials see /class/207762/iss-315-michigan-state-university in Integrative Studies Social Sci at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/19/15
1114 The Geographic perspective everything takes places somewhere resources are limited around the world location has benefits and burdens everything and everybody are connected cultural differences are important Spatial viewpoint describe the patters why there Historical viewpoint when did something occur why did it occur Presentation of informationdata shading a map in choropleth dots percent ratio means averages Use graphs tables thematic maps usual on a map where one thing is shown Up 3 Upper half of mitten 7 Lower half 90 Properties of the globe true area equal area true direction conformal true scale true shape Mercator map only has true direction but greatly distorted projections reduce distortion way people draw the maps conic projection put cone over the globe cylindrical projection put cone around globe and the lines are straight planar projections put it on globe and project up from that point circular 11614 need to get notes from 114 along with map colored Climates of the USA hot regions cold regions wet regions dry Arid regions human activity varies In each region Climograph bars for rainfall line for temp Average moth temp at msu January 26 F July 72 F MSU Avg percp 800mmyr Summer max vs winter max Map lt250 mmyr desert Without 500mm per year it is difficult to have good crops without irrigation Haboob massive dust storm in like Arizona Virga rain evaporating before it hits the ground Continentally jan 35 F then to July 110 F North Dakota southern Manitoba Lake effect get more moisture Number of days of growing seasons no frost East Lansing 150 days Best climate based on temperature 65 F San diego USA Rivers and Lakes Riparian Law landowners adjacent to a stream can use as much as needed as long as the quality and flow not seriously altered use it but don t abuse it Prior appropriation law ii 1 5 i to put the water to a beneficial use is allowed to use that amount of water first in time first in right Floodplain flat area along a river Watersheds drain basin 12114 USA population 314 million people rank 3rd in world behind china and India RNI rate of natural increase crude birth rate crude death rate RNI as a percentage Doubling time how fast how many years for a country to double its population at this rate 70 RNI percentage Total fertility rate TFR number of births to women 1545 years of age replacement level 21 less than that number losing populatin i most births ever Demographic transition model shows relationship between CBR and CDR Population composition age and sex US federal Census 1790 first one 39 million each 10 years starting in April 2010 314 million From 17901940 census information was public wait 72 years then information is public ancestrycom use MSU computers Historical census data 19701960 only data no names university virgina library World census data citypopulationde Center of population Missouri 10 most popular states California 37 million pople Texas New York Florida Illinois Pennsylvania Ohio Michigan Georgia 10 North Carolina EPWNP P PP N Push factors poverty bad weather crime war Pull factors good weather jobs education Gray belt 65 and over people live 100 degree line Pluralism Hispanics in southwest 17 highest minority Black population in southeast 13 Asian mostly west coast 5 native American 1 northwest 63 is white people Today in US self declaration you determine what you are Human Development index measures income GDP life expectancy literacy and education then come out with number and rank countries 1194 USA is ranked 3rd Canada 11 h CANADA Big country not a lot of history Steven Harper head of state in Canada 85 percent of all Canadians live within 200 miles of US boarder Population cartogram map based on population 90 of Canada people are white 7 Asian 3 black American Indians first nations nuit above tree line Land description give precise location for a parcel of land real estate transaction avoid land ownership disputes taxation Boundaries define it write it out delimit put it on a map demarcate put a marker in the ground sign Boundary types geometrics lines straight line segments physical features rivers lakes mountain ranges 12314 Boundary lines are part of the cultural landscape Counties parishes boroughs 3144 of these small ones population size large 1country boundaries each county has sheriff In the rural south countries are very important people identify with the county school districts are based on country 2townships local government Federal Land Survey system also called public land survey system or town and range survey started in 1785 where Ohio penn and west Virginia meet Meridian notes 8mile road is base line for Michigan meridian rd meridian Township is 6x6 called 36 sections each section is 1 mile by 1 mile or 640 acres ml 1 Acre 90 yards Texas east coast use Long lots French and Spanish claim the land imprint Texas new Mexico Quebec USA Agriculture Agriculture is a primary activity primary raw material and needs to be processed 2013 1 farmer feeds 140 people 10 income spent on food and spends the cheapest on food in world 1 Many diverse environments 2 Large domestic and global markets 3 Agricultural evolution and change hybrid seeds 1 of population farms Americans demand cheap food mass production Thomas says food prices are going to increase in the next 2 years due to drought Farmland valuesacre land most expensive New Jersey Urban sprawl suburban gt farmland Farmland assessment law farmland value based upon agricultural production Regional specialization produce that which generates most money most SSSSacre compa rative advantage 1 cow 25000 pounds of milk a year Milk is produced near the market for people Mediterranean agriculture found where the summers are hot and dry irrigation For human consumption Livestock ranching black and brown cows lots of meat 1 pound of meat per 15 pounds of grain Vidalia onions only allowed to grow in southeast Georgia 20 counties USA metropolitan areas 84 people live in cities and suburbs 20 largest metro areas new York LA Chicago Houston CBD central business district tall buildings Megalopolis Boston to DC whole zone is urbanized 44 million people live here Home price neighborhood Largest area NY 19 million 43 fortune 500 headquarters New York Stock exchange most popular tourist destination largest air travel market NBC ABC CBS ESPN Chicago 3rd largest metropolitan area in country made up of neighborhoods turned into a service economy Chicago board of trade food prices CANADA 2quotd largest land area 5500 mile border with USA 3 territories 10 provinces into a federal state Federal state each province has a lot of power to do stuff Capital Ottawa Regionalism cow analogy North Amerindians nuits Precambrian shield boundary like 100 h degree line old hard rocks Shield areas many metallic minerals Off the shield get oil and natural gas Main street Windsor to Quebec City 2 land but 60 population 915 largest in main street