Time Space & Chg Human Soc (D)
Time Space & Chg Human Soc (D) ISS 220
Popular in Course
Popular in Integrative Studies Social Sci
This 60 page Class Notes was uploaded by Buster Heller on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ISS 220 at Michigan State University taught by David Bailey in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see /class/207776/iss-220-michigan-state-university in Integrative Studies Social Sci at Michigan State University.
Reviews for Time Space & Chg Human Soc (D)
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/19/15
39 anaerheeke g ners Lee WWW HTTP Darin Chadins navxgnubelwezntwa VV Ium re ae 52mm senusues me Hnlldz esrnnge ML mum usebsek dams guss Marshall McLuhan neururnrs une message Gumbexg rnsneumere penpxe mmjmn sumre Mex Oshum bxmnswmnng JvumahsL puth xehnms advemsemzn39s Em39 Smith Tennessee gentpvvenyMemphs eurerssn wh z nusprm Hubert Enema sunm sme must hates gvvemment Mark rnennunns Alzmdzr VnnHumhuld brsgesgrupny mare rrnpunrmmrnnurwrn Gustav wn Schmnllzr ecmmms39 enenge Wexume pnmxtweta rnumstns muehuwn Hmhum hachsuhule gynrnssrurre landeng new ruess Graham Weber sacmlagy Cam Wuudsur man blackhmmy nnnun d5 larshp faxpeaple mgb kdcrn 39 hEz 39 cu mres Duh g were saphlsucntedlady n galaxy pnnt press remnau craze Cuba unu sp Turner cancepmal blmdnng eugnruwe serenee numb wales sacuhstpany Engunu fadimsacxely stages afcxeanvny The In T c emee Weal39h umnenns39 whnuh essenusny memes eennu u re Ruuserene euuun w u p af39hebegmzxs afpahucalscxmces suu demacmcy wssune purest runn afgn munch usserewrs usenes afabhgnunns mdxelmmslmps wrun n af uepwple ammde Adam s nues unu e are MumpseWrne EssnymPnncxple afPapu aunnquot unu ern mlyhnldsa nuny pespxeune sseru D55 Kupnuquot crprmrsn ne hwema much xersure urne mdmedmbe nsreprsurnewe Dzvid Rizsmznwmte lanelycmwdquot urn e e e e rsrs m VWI as n ners mG quotQuinn were Wzltzr c1 Buddy Esme p n are hem urn n am Chirin Euumnep w p m p hugenru run Thnmzs wm a u s m Rn lmlmn na y accept men Oscar Hammzrs Veryrnpsnurernnusremnenre nuue are nusreus much nsre abwunhe stanzsthmjmnhe nusre Lurene Hm 41Dquothamase ual wnu was hambl Fizld sune snap wammmhzrbusness afmumnnment Madehexlyncs smnd here u canvexsmm Tnedtapmjenshz wssn lavhue wammjew EdwardKznan as A wrunrnr m M whznhewmlm esnege Muue are law aflnntmdedcmsequmces a snap Merennaex was nu lmgexmahng mmzy FamdemfRCA mdNEC Sillan Mnneunnrnpsxugse ml n aura men wu Duhu enurenes were segregu cmbs sane day Chm Wh zbmdleadenhnt was verypapu ar a jm unu achwved whntEasxe wrsneune cvu dhave admer Emnx ouan ninh39ggf m39nscvemgz Lurs Ths amcle rs n ahaulfnmes mdhnw men A ectvmmmdsel unusuyrseuses prune eurren fume smne warantex tsame w s uren always apasxuve resam39zs sr makes sensequot nes rnune bum 4 Acuvnnm knks surface frames as ueep fumes rnu hbe nppssn an e mlyxemfmcesthzm gnuurn lag mmMreDmumxenuneu rnuWrnurr nth swxe nure Ame erununes hnhngpmcesses sruns afjmxmpmwsexs n quotn af suusrseu u Tempaxal cagnun u xensamng uunng perrur Find my child Asms Drspueen 5mm mueuwr39 quot 1 eeeuen enuuren 1h nnppy mdw Shaw une character unu manhnzss afChnSL mes pneess was fumd rn une Sucre Gsspex mavemem set up hantahle agmcxes such as snup hluhzns and 1e urwues Lhzm mm m caugunes une mummy whnuh accepts une pxnme than bean cra ed far we we are meant as be and me mmnnty whnuh ere mu arhextabeableta n halesame use unersure urne Ca ege made changed nun senuus schnlar m Vignmhw alLamund nunquot harmless sneners Li39sriggm ngular MDavxd r rebe nus m 39hepxdute 39hnlwe m nrernmupnuxu 11 nne band Evexyvhng was related m 1511 rnusre n ham 2 39 easy as pr srwur Wm whzn lung semenes wmtby 311qu were perfemy capable af cmmbuung us me memal tasks ure rurnung Sacxelyhas newer gruwn Hut af ms saga une classes have my ewlved c Pn39n 39 as atmhm Only way as u what ame39hmg rs guuus m guuus wnuse desxrahxmy rneresses wrununerr pnee unuseurermsrsuermyvrsbxe guuus cnurenes unu clexges m usexess 1 m 51mm nseruus enuree xnugnuuun Appeme5e1reguReesnem w n r u W3 s present Lawsogm I39m ru Mast mgm39s rme m exsse bxggex mwns 2nd 2quot iAbsmpnmr Take sma sups m mvve m bxggex mwns 4 4 A arm 4 W M m rum Lhzaxy emum r39r mgmm resemzhx surpassasxe and aesrrshxe Addmaml canal 2 War male rmgrsrns my on Loanm egoear m mspam fax erues Nudxesvurces m mmressmr Lb gnad nLhz eernrs placehm39mhy m Aumesbxggex Pa Vim A erWl wh zs wanna pans are mus s Lhatwamdbe39hzuawnmwewxce andme admwe urerr gualsgmtntedmwd prererrerus magne Afnca 31th um wnung sham are rural Svmh soar1 r m m Key Pawns Sm mvml same39hmg and xi rs used are way we expect and a mare erremsr dwelnpmmt mm 1 513 E pmnhces sand and mgamzaum change ssr resemzh memgaus are Ways m whnuh ssers msumumal ecmnrmc and Maud hams have sr teuhnnlagcal change fur dn exmtgnws rrrsserewArm chum mm Afncansmedm preserve mere mAmencan Sang musre gasp Arnerrern becammg alike Argument Mm eses urrs mtmducbnnm m1 ml fhls s t s s m m v xv naepy a mm m bandagz mere were 1625 aaung armxui m are csrrmsern shunt rrgros and abhgabnns hbenl mhghtznmmi39 nmmns afpexsmhnad We are em andAmenca many farms af express 911an sang dance and musre as wen as mpncucal msuers were what we cmsxdextaday hbenl and madam Howl s vanity 1M xla39n sesu spnr was a New mg were pssr Mast afhls family played mm 15 wh z Germanmusxc39zachzrhzndafhm mdgnvehm eelessmsmuchmwe mdsxgmneadmglaphnvmmdhtex hnchV Hm e bmh 1 mpanmce smre mwn quot uumy functans Nmn hamgc physpush Rengm appressmn a Jabs xrmg Eexhn lmew mesre rmrr sueeqs Lvses fncmAm ncm rhythms Lvses ewrsh emr musre whiz Chr sums Elacks pmhexynehmg rssrsrr Fun in welsbs Ernest mesmn Laws anxgmm ormw Msaexerrrer rrrgms funhzx phmhpu Mmurn slawly develaped Harlem ewrshe gtElackm decade srmeymmsynereqrsrr 2 euuures came mgeurer Mesrsms hear me mmher EEQ RpllotTldmmthn sax prmssa 1m csnseerrmss afDnmmc scale shunnme Pnce afpspex amps Mulder maxebyur thngsphbylidnsm Emy Munnyxecmds an magsph wwu Samn leads xi n mmm v u aAsrrerneArrrer andAmer us make rsgerrre Walter Chnsu ex Central 1mg Stalk 5 prrrrerpxes rew 4 m St 1521 smgex af en Dxed rrsrr car enshewrre farblk hssprm Gal arm cut at at blk mer area Views on Leadership 3312014 32400 PN Views on Leadership 0 Walter 0 Machiavelli 0 Calvin serve people serve self serve God Michael Walzer 1935 present Wrote about 17th century English politics Middle of 17th century England went into civil war and decapitated king Charles 1St Brits fighting through all middle of 17th century People began to argue about politics and what a leader is Authoritarian leader all people must bow Vladimir Putin vs someone who serves the needs of the community in a way that represents the desires of the people Barak Obama Walzer argues that in 17th century huge rise of the second model Walzer presents you have to have a radical center a group who want to do something push forward society leader represents the pushing forward You have to gain the consent of the people Walzer argues a leader is someone trying to advocate the positive rights of people their opportunity to do things not to stop people from doing things you lead in order to enhance people s opportunities Putin says there s a lot of bad people in the world and we have to attack them The goal of many Americans to prohibit gay rights example of prohibiting someones life Walzer starts out looking at the 17th century a description a modern leader is someone who can envision the future as something different predicting a better future Niccolo Machiavelli 1469 1527 Wrote the prince The point of leader is to accomplish specific personally driven aims You have to understand the tools and instruments given to you as a leader o A leader is someone who is very clever in using all instruments in power 0 Walzer power is secondary to power Machiavelli power is first killing your enemies is sometimes necessary make them fear you John Calvin 1509 1564 0 Catholic monk until he started doubting Catholicism o Begins leading revolt against pope o Flees France to Switzerland because of revolt 0 People who disagreed with Calvin were burned at the stake 0 Calvin argues leadership comes through God Kurt Lewin 1890 1947 0 Father of social psychology 0 How do groups function in psychological terms Born in Poland fought in German army in WWI Jew in 1931 fled to US where he finished his degree at Cornel and MIT first programs for sociology Leadership climates 1 Authoritarian Want authority 2 Democratic leader produces result based on the votes ofthe people 3 Laissez faire least leadership is the best leadership Theory of the Entrepreneur Three keys to the entrepreneur o Opportunist 0 Excellent collaborator 0 Clear thinker Doo Wop The Platters o In 1950s one of the new developments was doo wop 0 D00 wop has a singer with rest of the accompaniment with a response 0 Guys would stand on street corners and sing doo wop complicated harmonies with one another 0 Paradise valley in Detroit you would hear this all the time Berry Gordy 1929 present 0 Berry Gordy very successful family Father built up grocery store had 8 children Berryyoungest boy Father said he wanted all kids to succeed and they all did Berry dropped out of school very bad for his family everyone went on to advanced degree joined the army told his family he wanted to a boxer After he got back from Korea realized he wanted to be in entertainment industry Opened a jazz record store and decided he wanted to be an artist Gordy family needed a business plan to get a loan from family needed 1000 to start recording studio Gordy had met Jackie Wilson 1934 1984 dropped out of high school was a boxer spent time in juvie he had stage presence 0 Not a great singer but he had energy 0 Became locally famous in Detroit Creates Tamla Records Tamla named from his 2 kids MeetsMarvelous Marv Johnson 1938 1993 0 Playing local clubs in paradise valley 0 Let Berry Gordy record him Come to me co written with Berry Gordy Gordon realizes he should go with future instead of past or present Motown Berry decides he s not going to make this another kind of organization He decides to go find people He wanted this to be the sound of Detroit the sound of Motor City William Smokey Robinson Jr 1940 present 0 19 years old when he meets Berry Gordon Smokey knows everyone else in town He knows everyone who s singing in churches O O O Smokey becomes last bit to the story because he can write song and bring people in Paradise Valley Detroit 3312014 32400 PM Death and Life of Great American Cities 1961 Violence of urban renewal is it violence or progression Moses would argue the latter Value of neighborhoods Jane Jacobs All about community simplicity didn t like renewal Wanted neighborhoods in cities you should know people in the area Local scale walking someone should be able to walk to the grocery store Believed in tearing down thriving cities and rebuilding them Vs Robert Moses 1888 1981 Envisioned cities as locations for services People were to live outside cities and the vector in and out should be the automobile Vision of city poor people kicked out they should be put into projects or tall buildings where they are less likely to cause problems Cities dominated by cities high ways Built a highway next to Niagara Falls so people could drive by and look Moses wins over Jacobs Detroit and Segregation Sweet Case 1925 Young black doctor Wanted to move into a fancy neighborhood on the East side of Detroit Riot over him wanting to move there Almost all African Americans were located in a very concentrated area in Detroit until 19505 Hastings Street Paradise Valley Gordy grocery store served neighborhood well hotels MLK would have to stay in when he came taverns with local musicians huge street life kids singing doo wop schools Brewster Douglass Housing Project torn down a couple years ago because people thought it was a horrible place to live but it was people s childhoods Why don t we get on a bus and go to paradise valley 0 Local Robert Moses s decided it would be a great spot to put a highway Pershing High the major high school in Paradise Valley Smokey Robinson amp The Miracles met Diana Ross 0 Dream to design the clothes everyone else would be wearing 0 Ross family had a lot of ambition sister became a professor at MSU o Formed The Supremes with two friends Dream Girls The Temptations 0 My Girl written by Smokey Robinson Four Tops 0 Met at a birthday party and just started to riff had fun together 0 Choreographed their songs Writers Lamont Dozier 1941 present Soul Music 3312014 32400 PM Missed first 25 minutes of class Robert Bellah 1927 present Secularization theory E Franklin Frazier 1894 1962 To be in a church is to take care ofyour body and soul Masters degree in NY Great writer mostly about African American family structures quotNegro church book understanding what the role ofthe church was in post slavery movement he points out religion is a refuge during slavery to be religious is to be independent it s a measure offreedom even if you got whipped Jesus would be there many of the leaders of slave revolts were black ministers church became a place of power for powerless people for at least once a week on Sunday they could control their own lives and have relationships with each other without the white elite Defining Soul Slave spirituals Segregated Sabbaths Gospel music Combines with blues Mahalia Jackson 1911 1972 Born in new Orleans Birth defect no money for help for her so her parents had to straighten her legs for her Migrates to Chicago basically lives in churches Sings soul gospel with blues Always sings about God Stevland Judkins 1950 present Born 2 months premature in Saginaw Michigan As a little boy his deeply religious mother wanted him to learn how to sing so he became a choir boy Mother Lula Mae Hardaway 1930 2006 0 You were given gifts by Jesus quotYou are the sunshine of my laugh about God blind kid still learns to play piano Stevie Wonder 1950 present He comes to Lansing where he would take breaks from recording sessions He was in the sacred world but being secularized Marvin Gaye 1939 1984 Father was a crazy ass minister in DC inventing his own version of Christianity Marvin was to behave himself on all matters big and small Marvin Gaye Sr wanted him to be a pastor too Records jazz songs ends up in Motown Doubles up with tammy Terrell first duet of Motown ain t know mountain high enough Marvin becomes independent Marvin understood what s going on in terms of what we re trying to do with our lives in this world explores sex and has albums all about it explores drugs at one point is living out of his car His father continues to tell him to find Jesus and one day his father shoots him 1 Damn what the fuck Who s going to hell now 3312014 32400 PM only here for last 10 minutes Otis Redding Al Green 1946 present 0 Grew up in Grand Rapids 0 Realized he could make women respond to his singing 0 Sang about sexwomen o Green s music moved from just funky music to sex music Articles 3312014 32400 PM 1 Consumerism o the roles of consumerism 0 two theories 0 people are a pawn to big corporations 0 consumer is a king 0 consumers have power or don t 0 author believes consumers do have control just because one person buys it doesn t mean we all have to o relevance economist from last week huge economic movement after WWII since people had money the beginning of consumerism 2The Entrepreneur 0 three categories manager innovator controller 0 relevance Barry Gordy ideal entrepreneur own record label etc 3 One Size Fits All 0 asking questions about American culture 0 is American culture the sort of place where the dominant controls all the resources and capital and benefit off of everyone else below them 0 do white record labels make money off the creativity of African American artists 0 there are some exceptions some African American record labels did a better job look for specific example Barry Gordy and SAR records 4 Crabgrass roots Politics 0 about Detroit blue collar working class liberalism growing in Detroit 0 the expansion of rights for more people 0 if you look closer there s always something limiting that from 1940 to 1964 9 race 0 whites moving out of neighborhoods that blacks moved into blacks not allowed to move into white neighborhoods Recitation 3312014 32400 PM Black Power 3312014 32400 PM Fernando Ortiz 0 Cuban counterpoint o Transculturation 0 To understand what it means to be a real Cuban is to understand your roots Michael Ignatief f 1947 present 0 Ethnoconvergence Monday April 14 3312014 32400 PM What is the basis for public policy Socialists common good determined centrally Capitalists individual good determined by market forces The ability to make decisions is often based on a constant give and take Constantly belief that policies fail Jurgen Habermas 1929 present How can capitalists and democrats come together Answer that s a good question Political and social science economics Born in Western Germany Father was a local government official and became a nazi coordinator grandfather was a leading figure in the church For him the question was how can maximize what religion tells us to do And minimize what the Nazis tell us to do After the war goes to a University of Frankfurt and studies with people concerned with these issues lntellectually most driving place in the world developments in physics etc THIS place produced the Nazis this thriving place produced such awful people sorry poor wording The Public Sphere O O O O O Habermas the theory of communicative action What he says the crucial job of a democracy is to built up the public sphere Everything is secondary to having a place where people have the ability to disagree Some of the public sphere is in congress house of reps elections Some is just having open spaces to talk newspapers blogs The Commons 0 0 Grand Banks not enough fish argument that we can screw up the commons View that education is the commons ThedaSkocpol 1947 present 0 Modern American Habermas 0 One of her arguments so much of what we do is because we are members of voluntary organizations 0 The notion ofa collaborativecooperative relationship based on your ideasdesires is what has shaped America through the centuries 0 Collaboration in the Arts missed the slide here Gladys Knight 1944 present 0 Low middle class family 0 Out of this little girl came this enormous sound 0 Ted Mack s show 0 quotGladys Knight and the Pips all cousins o the Pips are saying things and Gladys is responding Midnight Train to Georgia 0 Its an essential song in America Jim Weatherly 1943 present 0 Had been writing songs for people in Hollywood 0 Midnight plane to Houston 0 She s leaving on the midnight plane to Houston 0 Going back to a simpler place and time 0 I ll be with her on that midnight place to Houston 0 Cissy Houston Whitney Houston s mother sang the song 0 Gladys heard it but Berry Gerdy thought it was too white 0 Midnight train to Georgia 0 He s leaving on that midnight train to Georgia 0 Said he s goin back to find the simpler place and time 0 Ill be with him on the midnight train to Georgia Aretha Franklin and the family 3312014 32400 PM Lewis Henry Morgan 0 Grew up next to Native American village and wondered how they could grow up so close so differently o Spent his life questioning how different societies organized family 0 Two types of Kinship o Classificatory all relationships based on abstract rules for example all males other than father in the generation above might be named uncle blood lines of little importance 0 Descriptive emphasis on blood relations and categories based on them first cousin twice removed Concepts in Family Studies 0 Fictive Kinship 0 Extended Family 0 The notion that all your cousins and relatives are part of what you consider to be your family 0 Nuclear Family 0 Smallest version of what your family is father mother two kids Some dude I missed cause I wasn t paying attention William Ryan 1924 2002 0 Family is the consequence of hard economic times 0 Book blaming the victim 1971 CL Franklin Aretha Franklin 1942 present Respect Otis Redding Recitation 3312014 32400 PM Detroit 0 Place Hastings Street in Paradise Valley Motown music scene 0 New Bethel name of church Cost benefit analysis of collaboration article in favor of collaboration 0 Benefit promotes creativity 0 Cost Politics 3312014 32400 PM George Rude 1912 1993 0 History from the bottom up not presidents big thinkers and everyone below other way around Eric Hobsbawm 1917 present 0 Primitive rebels 1959 o Electoral process is rigged its for the big companies and the wealthy o The only way you can get society s attention is to use him or herself as the message Gangs of New York 0 Attack police and leadership when told what they cant do Sixties public violence urban records 0 July 1964 new york 0 August 1964 Chicago 0 missed some cause not passing attention The Kerner Commission quotOur nation is moving toward two societies one black one white separate and unequalquot February 1968 Berry Gordy and Politics 0 As Detroit collapsed in 60s Berry Gordy began to plot his escape James Brown and the riots Nina Simone Eunice Waymon 1933 2003 0 Born in North Carolina mother was a minister o Learned to play piano 3312014 32400 PM Leo Tolstoy 1828 1910 0 When Russia was most divided country between rich and poor 0 Anna Karenina War and Peace 0 We have to find ways in which we can find power in a small community 0 Think only locally 0 Take the small community in which you live and learn to create a loving community 0 Christian anarchism 0 Attack on centralized power and authority Robert Owen 1771 1858 0 We need to give up this national organization and divide ourselves into small communities New Harmony Indiana Gerrett Hardin 1915 2003 The tragedy of the commons 1968 o quotThe population problem has no technological solution it requires a fundamental extension in moralityquot Reggae 0 Local community oriented small scale Tolstoy ish 1520 Cedwick avenue the Bronx where hip hop started 3312014 32400 PM Emile Durkeim 1858 1917 Father of sociology Talcott Parsons 1902 1979 The science of American society How best to enhance human happiness by getting people to understand their place Anthony Giddens 1938 present Is it true that we are all stuck in roles Structuration 0 Structures as rules not requirements 0 Human agency and interaction 0 Routine behavior 0 Intervention Structures are rules not requirements Within those boundaries there is plenty of room to play because rules change The most important fact of human experience is We are agents of our own possibilities and destiny s If you don t push structure that s the road to misery quotThe sort ofthing a 17 year old boy might think is true structures are constantly negotiated Frank Sinatra 1915 1998 Sinatra s mom always pushing always trying to find something different Mom became a politician at a time mothers were not politicians People had to go through mama Sinatra to get things done One of the things she told Frankie was you can figure out what you want to do with your life and push against it First had a soft voice but then began to sing Auditioned for Harry James orchestra in NY Learned to sing from black female singers Ella Fitzgerald Young girls would flock to him quotbobby soxersquot Sinatra and Nelson Riddle Became a big advocate for civil rights 32811 The blues and urbanization Defining the Blues Urbanization theory Background filed songs Background the Mississippi Delta Rise of the blues in Memphis Alternate path in Texas Defining the Blues Blues scale blue notes Blues style Structure statement repeat release BB King Recession Blues Urbanization overview First gets studied the movement0 it was studied in the us after the period of the civil war between 18601920 is when the us became an urban country Louis Wirth 118971952l was the first major scholar to take the question what is the move to the city all about He is interested in what is the purpose ofa city He moved from rural Germany to Nebraska and then went to the University of Chicago and worked there Things he studied at Chicago is The Ghettol928 and llUrbanism as a way of lifequot 1936 Robert Redfield 118971958 he was very interested on the anthropology form of entertainment in his essay he argues cities are alive with folk traditions In his view studying Mexico City he sees all sort of cultural traits being moved from the countryside to the city The Mississippi Delta was one of the places with one of the most exciting and vibrant black rural oak cultures Migration was only in the 1840s505 WC Hand11197319581 Born in Alabama raised in middle class family learned how to play piano and trumpet at early age He organized in Alabama and when he moved to Mississippi a group of black people to play music that white people played1893 famous big fair on the south side of Chicago Handy brought a group of black musicians there and said they re playing the blues He spends the next y yrs of his life playing the blues He called himself the grandfather of the blues HE was constantly bringing musicians up from the delta to play the blues However it seems like he knew about the blues but he couldnt play the blues Field hollers and work songs picking cotton sucks One way to deal with this in the delta was to sing about it They sang with bended notes In uence of minstrel shows you have all of these attempts to sing the blues in theatres but they re not really success ll Charley Patton 18911934 He was born in the southern part of the delta By the time he was a teenager he had developed a particular style of singing Charley Patton started to tour Dockegx Plantation Sun ower Country MS most highly concentrated planation in the south It was like a little city Patton gets a lot of his work done Texas Blues Blind Lemon Jefferson He has been hearing some of the songs coming out of the delta but adds a bit of sweetness on the guitar He offer a more melodic guitar sound Robert Johnson 19111938 he brought it all together He was liVing on the dockery plantation Has a very rugged upbringing on the plantation What he was trying to do was take the rough side of the dockery plantation music and the musicality of blind lemon Jefferson and during the briefperiod he was recording 19378 Robert Johnson s music becomes the rst music that people outside the south that is the blues Alternate path in Texas 33011 Ideas of Race and the Chicago Blues Race theory Chicago during and after the great migration The Chicago blues The capital of the blues is either Memphis or Chicago Chicago s aspect of the blues has all to do with segregation Segregation meant for some people that there was an opportunity to create a kind of music Plessy versus Ferguson1896 We consider the underlying fallacy of plaintiff s argument to consist in the assumption that enforced separation of two races stamps the colored race with a badge of inferiority If this be so it is not by reason of anything found in the act but solely because the colored race chooses to put that construction upon it Homer Plessy 18631925 was told he was not allowed to sit in the white section on a train in Louisiana He has one great grandparent that was black he was called an octoroon which one means 1 of 8 grandparents that were black Jim Crow Laws Voting restrictions Segregation of public facilities Segregation of schools Antimiscegenation laws no sex and marriage with mix races Winthrop Jordan 119312007lwas one of the greatest scholars of race issues He tried to understand why the racial segregation in America was created He tried to understand how English decided it was alright to enslave blacks in other cultures slavery was known in society It turns out it was a little bit of everything need for labor religion etc William Julius Wilson llQBSpresentl his research was on discrimination in the city He argues that race and class are what have continued this kind of segregation Thomas Skidmore makes this whole thing harder to wrap your head around He begins to make us think a little more broadly He is a scholar of Brazil Percentage in the slave trade 5 came to the US the major slave trade went to The Caribbean and the largest single place it went to was Brazil quotBronzevillequot in Chicago blacks lived there There were no restrictions on doing things Black Metropolis1945 a book on this issue written by sanclar drake and Horace Cayton It was the best single study on thousands of interview Ten years of research for a massive team Horace Ca on 119031969 born in Seattle His grandfather was the first black senator ever to serve in the US senate He wanted to understand what it was to be black in America He moved to Chicago and tried to study the ups and downs of what it meant to be black in America Chicago Blues Cayton starts to go to clubs in Chicago in the migration from the south people brought up their music Cayton thought it was created in the Chicago Muddy Waters McKinley Morganfieldl1191319831he learned the blues from Robert Johnson He doesn t like living in the south Down on Stovall s Plantation 19412 Alan Lomax records muddy as a country guy and he tries to play the country music Muddy Waters McKinley Morganfield 19131983 born in the Delta in a sharecropping family He doesn t like living in the south He thinks it s stultifying Thinks about the difference in the city versus the country You had to play music that was a bit more complicated in the city Allan LomaX records as one of these country guys He tries to play the country music Charley Patton 18911934 He was born in the southern part of the delta By the time he was a teenager he had developed a particular style of singing Charley Patton started to tourscreamin and hollerin the blues Muddy calls it country blues Robert Johnson he is hearing jazz musicians and is hearing stuff he d like to do Memphis Slim Peter Chapman 19151988 The rst musician who has no country background Very proud to say he knows nothing about any of this He saw himself as a city sharpie Slim and his band always dressed up He is bringing a very urban feeling Sweet Home Chicago For Robert Johnson Chicago is a mysterious place like California is Blues Brothers 1980 Dan Ackroyd and John Belushi of Chicago They do a Muddy Waters Version of Robert Johnson thinking about Chicago 33011 Recitation Farris can we consider Blues music Folk music Folk Music is an overall of genre that has originated in rural areas it s a voice for the oppressed Skidmore article wants to learn about race issues in Brazil over the US Antimiscegenation loving versus VA over turned this law in the 1960s anyone can marry anyone Natural History of the folk society It s not about finding answers but asking questions Folk societies are seen as small and rural Similar exist between folk and urban but there are differences This sees tribes as primitive puts our ways before them This is very subjective Folk culture is like a code word for and ethnic enclave and example of this would be Dearborn MI because it has a very large Muslim population and is predominantly Arabic Mississippi Delta ASK ABOUT THIS AND HOW IT RELATES TO THIS BOOK Civilized society government politics wealthy hierarchy standard currency advance technology formal education written language Primitive trade numerous dialects 4111 Marketing and Rhythm and Blues Baby please don t go lightin Hopkins Marketing theory From the blues to rhythm and blues Part one chess records Path two sun records Consumer Revolution John Kenneth Galbraith 119082006 many economist thought he was a member of professionally good standing he was interested in public policy he became one ofJFKs advisor He worked for the white house He was then an ambassador to India In many ways he is not a typical economist tried to understand the boom in markets He wrote a book called The Affluent Society 1958 Rise of the fullservice advertising agency J walker Thompson agency1877 Consumer Revolution Marketing MSU is one of the rare univs that offers and undergrad degree in marketing Marketing as a field is complicated Social Sciences have a limited interest in marketing In the 1950s these issues became extremely hot within the academic world In the period btwn 1945 and 1960 that several scholars concluded that we began to experience a consumer revolution There seems to be new demand for consumer goods The Great Depression killed consumer confidence but the postwar period the consumer roars backs John Kenneth Galbraith 19082006 He is a renegade economist He was into hist and public policy most economists are not interested in this He was one ofJFK s leading econ advisors He was an ambassador to India His background was in ag The Affluent Society 1958 He wrote this book to try and understand the marketplace SO much of our public policy is based on quotconventional wisdomquot This phrase become pop He means how the leading figures in DC seem to come to the same conclusion Consumers were key to a healthy econ There was a sudden great availability of consumer goods The great transformation came with the invention of a MALL It was invented in KS City right before WW2 This transformed availability of goods These were available to people who had mobilityautomobiles This destroys the downtown How do people know about new consumer goods Rise of the fullservice Agency 0 J Walker Thompson Agency1877 These are fundamentally transformed after WW2 They become broad based firms They re involve din marketing in all points in the economy This transform is technologically connected The invention and devel of tv is a fundamental change for advertising The devel of radio into segments Devel of credit before WW2 credit was very hard to come by There is a govt l decision to vastly expand credit The country is trying to build a strong middle class Diner s Club you join a club and get a card and you hand a card in and you re billed alter Market Concepts 0 Market segmentation o Targeting market research find out what consumers want by polling them Positioning branding Al Ries and Jack Trout how you can position yourself in the marketplace thru branding One of their major accounts was Marlboro They decided they wanted to sell sex Jerry Wexler 19172008 he was a journalist in NY who decided what he really cared ab was pop music He becomes an editor of a mag called billboard in the 1940s he says we have to start tracking music by each separate list He starts to notice music labels that other people aren t paying attention to He creates the genre called lrhythm and blues This brought attention to this section of the econpop Peacock records don robey no one heard ab until it was in billboard Big Mama Thornton 19261984 she became a big star Wexler believes one of her songs has market power Wexler and billboard turned her music into a hit Chess Records Lejzor and Fiszel Czyz in Chicago two Czech imms started a company to sell clothes autos They were trying to sell anything They decide to start calling themselves call Chess They set up a shop in the south side of Chicago They manage to record muddy waters Etta James Jamesetta Hawkins 1938 she is this wonderful talent that the chess brothers decided they ll build their comp around She was born in LA She and her sister become a pop duet She becomes their first hit She becomes an imp segmented singer Chuck Berry 1926present he came from St Louis He grew up listening to jazz He also listened to country music He puts it all together in Chicago The rhythm becomes a very important part of the blues He becomes one of the most famous musicians in England espec in Liverpool One of the easiest places to get recorded in the country was in Memphis There was probs a record studio on every corner Sun Records Sam Philips almost anyone could go in and cut a record here He just took whoever came in there were so many people in Memphis recording people He notices many country singers aren t being recorded Roy Orbison 193688 there is a lot of blues in his music He s responding to music song pretty woman Colonel Tom Parker imm from Holland 19091997 he probs was a smuggler He was almost certainly engaged in a lot of black market activities in the south He decides to reinvent himself with a new name and new southern accent He decided he wanted to become an artist representative He was looking for someone with a big profile Elvis Presley 19351977 Born in a working class fam in MS His mama told him he has a nice voice He became involved in tom parkers bus Rock and roll as term Shake Rattle and roll as a song not exactly the blues Its not clear what genre it fits into GI Bill helped solider with education this is really significant this is the first time they were able to buy homes on a huge level this is one thing that led to white flight 4411 Berry Gordy and Entrepreneurship 1 Ideas of leadership 2 Ideas of entrepreneurship 3 Berry Gordy A Early Career B Founding Motown Ideas of leadership Michael Walzer llQBSpresentl Communitarianism he is a very fancy Princeton political theorist For him leadership is associated with communitarianism a lead emerges out of the community Niccolo Machiavelli 114691527 the prince He is the most famous thinker on leadership He tries to understand the leadership of Florence and how the Demetichese how they maintain and develop power John Calvin 115091564 He believes that leadership comes from God Almighty llwhat does God want you to do Kurt Lewin 118901947lHe thought about leadership in companies Leadership Climates 1 Authoritarian only the boss is right everyone else speaks to the needs of the boss dictatorship and ford and Donald trump are all examples Democratic this is where the leader asks the followers what they would like to do there is constant interaction The leader is constantly engaged with the people This is the model most commonly used in the silicon ballad The interaction between the leaders and the workers is demonstrated by the leader not having an office president could be and example LaisseZfaire this is the leader start the company and provides them financially and then lets the workers do all the work General Motors was an example he found the company and hired people to run it James MacGregor Burns llQlSpresentl He wanted to establish an institute for the study of leadership He adds more the leadership puzzle The transformational leadership occurs when one of more persons engage with others in such a way that leaders and followers raise on another to higher levels of motivation and morality 2 3 Theory of the entrepreneur Larry Page one of the cofounder of Google he was born East Lansing MI Berry Gordy1929presentborn in Detroit MI family started a family fund and if you had a bright idea you could talk to the other members of the family and ask for the money All of them established a project He established a record story It was a small successl929present Born in Detroit The Gordy s estabbed a family lnd for different projects He was the youngest kid He wants to be a boxer He decides hell work for the auto industry He decides to start record stores with his family He was an authoritarian kind of leader berry gordy bene tted from the raising of paradise valley Jackie Wilson 19341984 one of the rst cross over artists He created novelty records These were o en for the bubble gum group Tamla Records Gordy creates a recording studio in Detroit They look for artists Marvelous Marv Johnson 19381993 they write songs for him This style comes form the streets Its called doowop Motown Gordy decided that tamla is a lame name and applies to the family lnd had actual applications to ll out and he wants to call It Motown William Smokey Robinson Jr l949present at age 20 he was a creative genius He could write songs that could t with an idea with a doowop sound and blues simultaneously 4611 Motown and Detroit Issues around urban renewal Race in Detroit Detroit made Motown Jane Jacob51191620061was an advocate for neighborhoods for the center of Urban Life She makes the argument when understanding the urban studies The great enemy in her life where people who thought about a city as a large physical and political space She thought the problem there was they lose track of the happiness of the habitants Death and life of Great American Cities 1961 Violence of urban renewal Value of neighborhoods Robert Moses 1188819811 he was Jane Jones enemy He made the opposite argument In his view a city must be centrally located Cities tasks are to increase its development it needs to be highly organized in the center the politics have to be focused on centralizing the authoritycentralized authority move goods and services around this large areas elaborate transportation methodMoses chose NYC as his lltest bed he became the head of all urban development programs he ministered state funds to rethink how New York was organized it was Moses and his planning board that get to decide all of the issues in NYC Most important to him is to build highways Detroit and segregation small black neighborhood developed Detroit Riot 1943 there was a very crucial form of segregation they representing the point to which race issues were coming to People were burned out of their houses The AA lived in Hastings street paradise valley Gotham Hotel held many blacks because they weren t allowed to stay anywhere else Brewster Douglass housing project this was the center of everything in Paradise Valley the experience was centered around this project Pershing High the high school where were at the BrewsterDouglass project Diana Ross she becomes a clothing designer for Hudson s in Detroit She thought she would make clothing for her life Her rst group was called the primettes this was more for fun lived in paradise valley Berry Gordy becomes interested in this group The Supremes Florence Ballard Mary Wilson and Diana Ross They started to sing for Gordy Gordy says they re representing DTW and Paradise Valley He hires people to make matching costumes for these women HE hired a woman to teach them manners The Temptations Four Tops Writers Lamont Dozier l941present When you listen to a Motown song you hear the hook the music Every major black musician in dtw was hired by one person or another by Gordy He puts them in a room and gives them sheet music to play they hired members of the dtw symphony orchestra to play string in the background The Funk Brothers How Berry Gordy goes like a merchant shopping through the ruins of paradise valley He is taking resources destroyed by 175 and bring them into workshop 4611 recitation Entrepreneurs there are many different types of entrepreneurs The innovators combine means of productions in new ways and then the controllers who combined all the when to stop and when to go They are the leaders because they have to manage the success and they have to manage the people as well Soul was the cultural and musical foundation for everymusic It was mainly in the black community because they sang about their issues It started in the Mississippi delta and they sang in the cotton elds There were different styles club blues Nat king Cole Gospel style used in churches and barb blues ampli ed with the electric guitar a lot like a country style 4811 Soul and Motown ISS 04082011 Sociology and religion The United States is becoming the most religious ofall highly industrialized nations if you believe seems to matter more here than in other countries Max Weber 18641920 one of the few German names always pronounced in the proper way He is the greatest figure in the history of sociology He is most important for his theories of bureaucracies He wrote Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism 1904 He s arguing that as Protestantism develops so too does the marketplace The modern econ is very complicated filled with the desire for profits The dance between commerce and relig is an important connection in modern society Secularization theory Robert Bellah 1927present secularization theory how we take our relig ideals and how we work them out in our everyday lives s interested in seeing how American think they have a relationship with the almighty Colonization of the US for examp happened almost always in the name of god One of Bellah s most favored figures in Abraham Lincoln Lincoln didn t go to church but everything he says seems to be fundamentally relig E Franklin Frazier 18941962 he was trained at the univ of Chicago Because he was black he was never able to get a permanent position in a public or private univ that was not oriented educating AA s AAs used relig to talk about their spiritual strivings Ministers imams relig leaders are always asking what it means to be a human the role of relig and its possibs Both Malcolm X and MLK are figures Frazier would have understood Frazier wants to know about ordinary people within African American communities and how relig works for them Churches function as community centers hiring halls places of sport dating services The black church is also a AA community center Defining Soul 0 Slave spirituals o Segregated Sabbaths 0 Gospel music 0 Combining with blues Web Dubois wrote about the spiritual as a way to resist the plantation system After the civil war most churches were segregated AAs were specifically unwelcome at many churches During slavery it was important not to teach too many slaves about the bible like resistance of evil This led to the creation of ind black denoms Pentecostal mvnt glossolalia speaking of tongues Also belief that singing is part of the way of expressing your gifts of the spirit Mahalia Jackson 19111972 she is from a middle class family but she had to hear quotthe need to express Jesus through her voice Stevland Judkins l950present he was born in Saginaw He was born blind His mother brought him to Detroit She had him brought up in her pentecostalist church He spent his days in the church choir He was quotdiscoveredquot when he was 13 yrs old by berry gordie Stevie wonder and Marvin Gaye Sociology and religion Secularization theory The idea of Soul Stevie Wonder and Marvin Gaye Max Weber 1864 1920German this central gure in the rise of sociology wrote a book called protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism 1904 Secularization theory Robert Bellah gl927 present secularization theory is an attempt to see how religion and society are combined Bob was a major theorist of religion of America E Famklin Fazier 11894 1962 Not many people were interested in him because he was black He is a really center gure in the sociology of religion however he was invisible He wrote many books The Negro Church In America talked about religion in America De ning Soul Slave spirituals Segregated Sabbaths Gospel music Combines with blues 41 111 SeX and Funk ISS 220 04112011 Sex and Funk There are very few sexual studies departments Alfred Kinsey 18941956 first major American researcher on sexuality Became a profat Indiana U after WW1 He was interested in sexual dysfunction He saw this as a psychological and research institute He makes the study of sexuality a serious endeavor He was an inspiration about studying sexuality Michel Foucault 19261984 yes we are obsessed with sex but all of our experiences with sexuality was unfulfilled and unfulfilling We can never get fulfillment In the wake of Kinsey and Foucault s research the sex revolution is under way In the late 19505 a set of researchers began to experiment with the use or progesterone to restrict ovulation Gregory Pincus 19031967 he was the central figure in allowing women to have control over fertility Some have argued his first pill was safer than later renditions Paul Goodman 19111972 one of the most political and influential political thinkers of his era He wrote a book called Growing Up Absurd He believed that the single greatest aspect was liberty What was the meaning of liberty How should we bring liberty into our lives The point of education was not to indoctrinate but to change By the mid1960s the sec rev was an op for true vital liberation James Brown 19332006 he was born in a poor SC family The family was terribly dysfunctional He spent most of his childhood out on the street By the time he is ten he is singing on the street corner busking He ends up in reform school for truancy He learns about music in reform school HE had a sound in his head called the groove He said this had everything to do with sex Cold Sweat 1967 Up until this time he was known but not well known His music wasn t well known in the north He paid himself for a gig at the Apollo theatre in New York Some people thought his early stuff was too out there He wants to make this popular to a broader audience Cold Sweat becomes a hit in away that his earlier stuff hadn t SO many people are responding to the sexual underpinnings of Brown s music The Memphis Sound Stax Records never signed James They tried to find alternative James Browns like Otis Redding AL Green 1946 present an attempt to take the groove idea and slow it down a bit He came up in a very devout Christian family His family came from Grand Rapids His father disowns him after he doesn t want to sing church music Sam and Dave The Philadelphia sound Philadelphia intl records was interested in the same ideas as staxx records The innovators of disco are the Philadelphia intl records people The O Jays Love Train Research on Sex The sexual revolution of the 1960s The rise of lnk Heyday Memphis and Philadelphia Alfred Kinsey 11894 1956 researcher in physcy and became a prof and Indiana and worked and research in sexual dys lnction He began to interview people about people and their sexuality tried to understand weather animals are gay Michel Foucault 11926 1984 Always ask questions about sex that lasted about 10 minutes 7 yes we are all obsessed with sex but all of our experience with sexuality is un ll lled and un ll lling icame back to Berkley by behaving in extreme behaviors He got AIDS and died The Sexual Revolution 7 progesterone was tested in the 1950 s Gregogy Pincus 1903 196717 perfected the dosage and safety of progesterone He was the central gure for allowing women to have lll control of their fertility Paul G00dman 1911 19727 had many books in his philosophy he was mostly based in the bay area however spent most of life in NY He believe the single greatest aspect of America was that was on the quarter having liberty Eventually he switches to the sexual liberation movement James Brown 11933 2006 he was a singer he was born in a poor family and his family was terribly dys lnctional he sang on the street corner and sang by camp Gordon he went to reform school This is where he heard the blues and more Gospel music 7 He brought the lnk his talent was going forward He heard inside his head a music he really liked Cold Sweat 1967 I don t care about your past I just want our love to last Funky Drummer 7 a lot of songs do that The Memphis sound of 50 years of StaX 19572007 James Jim stuart heard brown like it 4 13 11 recitation Black church Final Religion Migration Segregation Money Demographics Speci c areas 41511 The British invasion ISS 220 04132011 Saturday Night Fever 1977 How did the funky music in dtw Memphis find its ways into the broader cultural world Motown became the central music of the show Soul Train It is in the 70s that much of the music begins to make its way into popular culture Fernando Ortiz 18811969 during the period of independence after Cuba had been under the control of the united States Ortiz said the great thing about Cuba is that it is a place where all cultures converge There was a huge contrib of Africans It is that convergence of continents that becomes his central theme He thinks more broadly about Caribbean culture He says almost all of the continents of the world comes together in Cuba Cuban Counterpoint his book What he argues is that instead of our understanding culture as an interaction what we need to understand is that culture is like a blender Michael Ignatieff 1947present ethnoconvergence Leader of the lib party in Canada Canada is another place where this relationship between cultures is taking place He became a historian How a country can exist but keep a sense of who they are How do these people make a nation We are able to be two things at once We are able to be transcultural David Hollinger 1941present Postethnic America his book Hollinger has been thinking about this in the United States We constantly codeshift We are many people simultaneously The notion that we hold fast to our strong ethnic identity By the third generation through marriage relig employment edu America has started to move into a postethnic where we have identifiers with our past heritage We have become a cosmopolitan example Disco is an attempt on the part of the dominant white culture to try and understand the AA music coming from the south also Latin music and African music Disco is a first cut at postethnic music David Mancuso l944present he wanted to own a nightclub and decided to have parties in his apartment He basically just had a record player and flashing lights He came up with the idea of the disco ball Studio 54 basically just trying to make money off of playing records Gay Liberation Stonewall Riots 1969 A small group of people at the time tried to call themselves homosexuals Lesbian bars in Greenwich village Gay is not a term that comes until the disco scene The homosexual club for men is called stonewall They would gather and listen to music to here Once a month the police would come in and break the gathering Men were trying to identify themselves as gay The subculture suddenly goes public Manu Dibango l933present this is not music that anyone knew He is from central Africa Most of his career was in urban Congo Donna Summers La Donna Gaines 1948present she is from boston Brought up in a Christian background She goes to new york and tries to get into the music business It took her awhile to come around to the notion to sing more popular songs Gloria Gaynor 1949present by the time she was 18 she was singing her vision of Motown in New York She wants to sing to gay audiences Elizabethan era Second Elizabethan era The boys from Liverpool The British invasion The Elizabethan Era been dead for centuries Came to power in the 1550 s last until she dies in the early 17 h century Elizabeth the first was a triumphant figure in British history She created a situation that allowed the thriving of culture Shakespeare plays represented the way we think of plays The source of dominant myths and are perfect expression on how the Elizabethan viewed Elizabeth II became queen when her father died young incredible burst of theater John Osborne 19291994 wrote plays one about trying to understand what happen to Britain lllook back in anger in 1956 Tom Stoppard 1937present play arcade is on Broadway He is the best alive play writer today The Quarrymen Skiffle Band Liver pool in penny lane Go to Germany English skipple bands became popular The boys work on their own music Change in Band in 1962 they became the Beatles John Lennon original Paul McCartney original George Harrison original Stu Sutcliffe left 1961 came up with name Peter Best left 1962 Ringo Starr joined 1962 Came out in the elizabethen era and they combind jazz and indie and music together Rock and roll as collab uses example of the Beatles 41811 Aretha Franklin and Family ISS 220 04182011 Aretha Franklin is from Detroit but not involved with Motown Schoolcraft the Indian rep at Mackinaw was fascinated by other cultures and was regularly coming in to do trading Lewis Henry Morgan 18181881 He was brought up near Lake Seneca in upstate New York and all through his childhood Morgan saw other members of the Iroquois confederacy He became fascinated by what their view of the world was All through his childhood he went to an evangelical college he began to write his accounts of the Iroquois people As the Univ of Rochester was founded he was hired as the first person in the country to study the Iroquois nation He was moved by the family structure In his world the father was dominant the breadwinner In the Iroquois world the family was matriarchal He came up with the terms matriarchal and matrilineal inheritance passed down the line of the mother He worked hard on the issue of what a family is supposed to be Concepts in family studies 0 Kinship how we understand our relatives Who they are and what are rel to them are 0 Extended family the Iroquois people lived together in kinshipbased housing All the members of the family lived together in the family This long house structure was what Morgan referred to as an extended fam Nuclear family Fictive family not Morgan s idea people added to the fam structure even though they have no rel to you This is like godparents When John Smith is threatened by death and saved by Pocahontas scholars today believe that that is a kinship ritual Our conventional definitions of family have to be rethought The Moynihan Report Daniel Patrick Moynihan 19272003 Both the genius and the problem He tried an academic career as a sociologist in Boston didn t work Discovered that Washington was more of his place He was interested in policy and how we can understand our desires to make a better world He was particularly caught up with the idea of unintended consequences He was asked to try and understand what the nature of family structure was To what extent is the family an issue is ending poverty What Moynihan concluded that the problem was family structure For him black families were pathological His argument as an effect of slavery and segregation the society had effectively destroyed the black family For him the nuclear family was the right family William Ryan 19242002 he spent a lot of time in the Caribbean and had a lot of respect for these families For him Moynihan missed important details about black families like they were extended families They missed how important cousins and grandparents were Ryan becomes the major critic of the Moynihan report He writes a book called Blaming the Victim He says the fact of African americ pov is not a family issue it is an effect of the society s failure to overcome racism The issue is not mothers the villain is pov This argument has extended beyond race and now applies to all Americans The Franklin Family C L Franklin 19151984 He was born in the delta Sunflower county He was well known as a preacher man He accepts a pulpit in Buffalo New York He has four children with his second wife The mother is left in Buffalo when he takes his major pulpit in Detroit He was pushing the edge of what preaching should sound like His sermons weren t atypical but they were considered the best He was the best preacher He was invited to give lessons to other people Bc his wife has been left behind in buffalo he raised in children in the church His house was invaded in the late seventies and eh took a few yrs longer to die in a coma How are the children getting raised He had people who considered themselves to be fictive kin who raised his children Aretha and her family were being raised by the church For Aretha she describes as a magical part of her life worshipped with and worshipped her father He knew she had an uncommon talent and wanted to keep her under control He didn t want her to become just another Motown star He got her a contract with Columbia records Columbia didn t have rhythm and blues He saw her as the next national figure AA s who could be accepted in mainstream culture She knew she was wasting her voice She decides she wants to find the right msg she looks around for the songs that will most reflect what she wants to say to AA women Otis Redding s song Respect She rewrites in a way to be about the family and respect is at the center of the family VP Franklin Aretha Franklin Theory of the family Debate over the Moynihan Report VP Franklin A Lewis Henm Morgan1181818811retha Franklin the first real American anthropologists Bought up in lake Seneca in NY He was hired as the first prof in the country studying relation He discovered much of the Iroquois world was matriarch a lot came from domination of women Concepts in family studies Kinships how we understand our relationship they are related to you but not necessarily by blood Extended family aunts uncles cousins Nuclear family mother father children sometime grand parents Fictive not related by blood or marriage Daniel Patrick Moynihan 119272003 found academic career in Boston He was always interested in policy he caught up with the idea of unintendedconsequences Said black families were pathological The Moynihan report 1965 if liberals believed it would be possible to have a war on povertyl9272003 Both the genius and the problem He tried an academic career as a sociologist in Boston didn t work Discovered that Washington was more of his place He was interested in policy and how we can understand our desires to make a better world He was particularly caught up with the idea of unintended consequences William an 119242002 sociologist he spent WWII in the Caribbean major critic in the Moynihan report puts it all in the book Blaming the Victim 1971 CL Franklin 19151984 Clarence was born in the Delta sunflower county well known as preacher man when he was in his teens he was already giving sermons in his country With his second wife in buffalo NY he has four children one being Aretha New Bethel Baptist Church Aretha spent a lot of her time here and loved it Aretha got a contract with Colombia records And she was convinced to become a pop singer Aretha Franklin1942present decided to sing what she wanted to sing not what her father wanted her to sing RESPECT Otis Redding her family are very instrumental in her growing up her expierence stands up to the morning hand report because it refueds it by she is not raised by a mother and a father she is raised by members of her Baptist chuch and her mother is not in the picture after a certain point yet her father is That is a big key because the morning hand report says her father is a big deal 42011 Gladys Knight and collaboration Ideas of cooperation Gladys knight and the pips Midnight train to Georgia What is the basis for public policy Socialists common good determined centrally Capitalist individual good determined by market forces Jurgen Habermas llQZQpresentl the most important figure of collaboration born in colon father head of chambered on commerce his view is you need to have a public sphere He offered the public sphere which means a few different things it offers space to a society it is were people come together for society other parts are very important is prepress a dictator would should this down because it is another way to have conversation Theda Skocpol 11947presentl went to MSU then Harvard she is now Americas strongest proponent for Habermas s ideas she was a prof in several departments She finds the public sphere to very important she says even though women can t vote until the 20 s they still affected politics She is like a stepping stone to Habermass idea Civic Engagement Collaboration Least effective creative writing Most effective m ovies Academic collaborators Least common historian political theorist Common political scientists sociologists economists Normal psychologists Jazz as collaboration one of the most profoundly art form of collaboration there is Gladys Knight llQM presentl was in Gladys knight and the pips In 1966 they signed on with berry Gordon and Motown for the next 7 years they were among the biggest acts for Motown After 7 years they got out of the contract and signed a new contract with budda Jim Weatherl 1943 resent born in middle class family in Mississippi star quarterback got hurt while in college he wrote folk songs he was very good and was know in memephis and Nashville He then went to holleywood and tried writing songs for movies he bcame friends with lee majors and Farrah Fawcett Midnight plane to Houston she s leaving on the midnight plane to Houston going back to a simpler place and time I ll be with her on that midnight place to Houston Cissy Houston redid midnight plane to HoustonWhitney Houston s mom recorded as an up tempo soul song Midnight train to georgia la proved too much for the man so he s leavin life he s come to know he said he s goin back to find what s left of his world the world he left behind not so long ago ISS 04202011 Ideas of Cooperation Collaboration should be studied What is the basis for public policy 0 Socialists common good determined centrally o Capitalists individual good determined my market forces How do we come up with a social policy How do we decide what the issue of a social policy should be about The issue is usually the common good How are we trying to get the broad society improved In a more socialist society the issues of what is decided what is good for us is decided centrally There is no issue at which every one agrees at one moment Ultimately you have to find a way to collab or ull fight all the time In this country we collab a lot more than we think espec in govt like in the senate James Madison wrote a set of documents called the federalist papers n doc 10 Madison argues that collaboration is essential There will always be the necessity for people to give and take Jurgen Habermas 1929present He was born in Cologne Right near him were the Nuremburg trials As he is coming of age he is looking at the utter failure of a dictatorial system Habermas decides that system wont work and wonders how can we guarantee we wont be Nazis He becomes a prof at the univ of Frankfurt It had been a central place for issues of social policy He was part of the rethinking of what it means to be a German In his view that he has worked on for the last forty yrs His book The Theory of Communicative Action What you have to do is have a public sphere You need a rich group of orgs where people have the ability to engage in communicative action where they can discuss negotiate bargain fight make up It is these institutions that are the signal of a healthy robust society He believes the free is the ideal of a public sphere The first thing the dictators goes after is the press than the univs Free inquiry is the hallmark of a univ it guarantees that hard issues are discussed and thought about Anyone attacking the press and free university is attacking the public sphere Local orgs in his mind work better than national orgs The term he uses is communicative action Communicative action The action has to be both communication and action What is the public sphere today Is the answer facebook twitter More generally the answer is the Internet Theda Skocpol 1947present went to MSU She is now at Harvard MSU was built as a space for collab in 1855 collab btwn faculty and students Protecting Soldiers and Mothers her book she focuses on civic engagement For Skocpol its how we as people can be apart of this Before 1920 women didn t have the right to vote Before the 1870s no state gave women the right to vote How do women prior to the vote participate in the public sphere She sees an array of public and semiprivate organizations based on women s interactions Collaboration 0 Least effective creative writing people write novels by themselves why does the creative aspect of music require collab whereas other forms do not 0 Most effective movies Academic collaborators 0 Least common historians political theorists o Common political scientists sociologists economists o Normal psychologists Jazz as Collab one of the most profound forms of collab there is Rock and roll as collab uses example of the Beatles Gladys Knight 1944present she s from Atlanta She became famous as a girl singer on what was American idol Ted Mack s Armature hour She became famous as a remarkable girl singe Her two cousins and her brother wanted to sing with her They signed on with Motown and became one of h biggest acts for Motown Midnight Train to Georgia their song is a huge collaborative effort It reps how complicated musical collab can get Jim Weatherly 1943present This football player also liked to write folk songs He became Lee Majors and Farah Fawcett Cissy Houston Whitney Houston s mom recorded as an up tempo soul song Knight and the pips took these new lyrics and rerecorded the song The rewriting of the lyrics reveals the nature of collaboration THE ANIMAL 42211 ISS 4222011 Theory and Social Unrest Cedar Fest in MSU slc bacchanalia Ralph Petey Green 19311984 Film llTalk to Me good account of what happened in DC in the 1960s Depicts Green who was a petty criminal in prison He became the prison dj He got a job at the soul music station in dc He used his radio station to try and calm people down George Rude 19121993 He was the great historian of riots He was interested in revolutions What he wants to understand is how does the mob work He says a mob is very seldom mob but usually a carefully organized political movement People in French coffeehouses were actually preparing the way for the French rev Eric Hobsbawm 1917present Primitive Rebels 1959 He s a Marxist He analyzes group action in terms of the theories of karl marx What Marx argues is that classconsciousness Everything is at the heart of lldirect actionquot Mob sounds pejorative He focuses on primitive rebels looks at the mythology around robin hood Robin Hood himself may not have existed but him as a model for other rebels may have existed Important to think about him in relationship btwn the wealthy and poor Gangs of New York is all about the great violence of the 19 h century How rish imms built gangs bc they could not find jobs Important to understand how violence was organized mm communities often use illegalinformal economy to make a living These are ways in which in imm groups deal with each other In 1862 there were huge riots in NY over the draft Sometimes this was portrayed as spontaneous reaction This was another episode in the long series of episodes Sixties Public Assassinations JFK nov 22 1963 Andrew Goodman Michael Schwerner James Chaney June 21 1964 Malcolm X Feb 21 1965 M LK April 4 1068 o RFKJune 5 1968 Why was the 1960s so violent The 50s and 70s weren t Was it the Vietnam War Economic prosperity There was this argument that perhaps this was viral Once JFK was assassinated people started thinking about it Riots July 1964 NY Aug 1964 Chicago Aug 1965 Watts LA July 1967 DTW April 1968 reaction to MLK Aug 1968 Grant Park Chicago June 1969 Stonewall Riots The Kerner Commission Pres Johnson started this According this the riots were the result of American racism People who felt discriminated against reacted in a violent way Berry Gordy didn t believe in politics He wanted to make money He moved to Motown records to LA Obie Benson of the Four Tops were starting to think more politically He watched police almost beat to death a protester in California llWhat s Going Onquot Marvin Gaye sings this Stevie Wonder starts to think about politics as well It s only a small group of people in Motown that are trying to be activists These perhaps were very mild responses to the riots James Brown and the riots By the time he gave up his mainstream career and go all the way into funk all about sex Most people think about him as a vaguely comical guy who danced a lot sweated and shouted Though he never exactly joined the black power mvnt he gave it its anthem Stokely Carmichael he became the leading leader of the black power mvnt Oakland CA Huey Newton and Bobby Seele organized the group the Black Panthers they became the symbolic figures of black power Black power became a phenomenon at the same as the riots People in the FBI like Hoover thought they were causing the riots Nina Simone Eunice Waymon 19332003 From rural North Carolina Raised in great poverty Her mother was a Methodist minister Her mother noticed she was good at the piano and decided she should be a classical pianist As a young girl she understood racism By the late 19605 she wanted to talk about the issues of racism She had built a huge audience with her music Her song llBacklash Blues directly addressed the issues like Vietnam class race She performed in NY city Greenwich village clubs Most of her most important songs was quotrevolutionquot by John Lennon Theory and social unrest 1960s public violence The Kerner commission Soul music respond Ralph quotpeteyquot Green 19311984 Talk to me George Rude 119121993lThe historian of Riots he was interested in revolutions Thinks a mob is a carefully organized politicall movement Eric Hobsbawm11917present greatest ever british historiam he analysises group action in terms of the theory of carls makrs Sixties public violence Assassinations John Fitzgerald Kennedy November 22 1963 Andrew Goodman Michael Schwerner and James Chaney jUNE 21 196 Malcom X February 21 1965 Martin Luther King april 4 1968 Robert Kennedy June 5 1968 42511 Decentralization and hiphop ISS 04252011 HipHop and rap have a history Leo Tolstoy 18281910 Writer of War and Peace His view of society and what society should do is more important He believed govt was the fundamental problem Movement of Anarchism view that we should abandon govt and live only locally and sustain ourselves on a local basis Tolstoy on one hand and Rick Schneider on the other Schneider killing local power Robert Owen 17711858 Owen believed in the necessity of creating ideal communities He believed the problem was too much centralization He attempted to estab perfect communities He created a community called New Harmony New Harmony Indiana it never actually got built to this degree The more we think about ourselves ruling other countries the more we lose touch with our common humanity This anarchist view became much more important in terms of workers Industrial Workers of the World IWW developed They believed the whole world should be made into a set of unions It will be through the union that we will develop all of society The union was made illegal during WW1 and its leaders were deported Peer to peer networks there is an anarchist strain in the World Wide Web This is also called piracy Anarchism and Facebook Garrett Hardin 19152003 Hardin starts off being interested in ecology in the local interrelationships in a stream Hardin started to worry about this thinking local problem The tragedy of the Commons 1968 This is an important essay Hardin wrote He writes that in ecological analysis the problem is population There is no bigger problem that population Our shared environment what he calls the commons that place where we meet and share our lives is going to get destroyed Population destroys our common places in terms of fisheries or our city squares Reggae Bob Marley He was a Rastafarian He was a deeply spiritual man As he developed reggae in post colonial Jamaica was that the point of the music was to estab a common sound for the people In his view this was community building music It was also a deeply religious music Lots of people across the world were hearing Bob Marley s music A local music expands itself internationally The term world music wasn t used until this reggae took off At the same time that reggae is developing there is a movement to play games with records This is called quottoastingquot Puerto Rico part of the United States a commonwealth there are hundreds of people migrating to US Also from Jamaica Barbados and Cuba In the 1960s NY has a Caribbean piece to it At the same time the Black power mvnt had taken over in Harlem Many of these people were Caribbean themselves Some of these people saw themselves as organizing themselves for the people This group is the Last Poets Griot The Last Poets1968 They took their name from a poem They stand on the street corner and do a sort of performance with a drum a bongo They are speaking only to the people in Harlem Kool Herc 1955present He is a Jamaican man He moved as a relatively young man to the Bronx Robert Moses wanted to cover all Harlem with concrete 1520 Sedgwick Ave the Bronx where he loved He and his sister held parties in the common room They gave after school parties for people They acquired two turntables If he used the same record on two turn tables and just played the center piece and played it back and forth you had nothing but the break the cool rhythm part He was not an ordinary musician per se He brings the idea of sampling Grandmaster Flash Joseph Saddler 1958present mmmaybe incorporates some disco sound People keep trying to figure out where to take the songs next Cold Crush Brothers 1979 They are actually adding one more dimension They bring in some rhythm and blues Def Jam founder of Def Jam wants product He sees it as an opportunity to make a fortune The commons is suddenly made into something commercial Chuck D Carlton Douglas Ridenhour 1960present Went to Adelphi univ and majored in graphic design He and flavor flav got together and played music And thus we have Public Enemy NWA 1988 Decentralization theory The tragedy of the commons World music Club music and Kool Herc The emergence of hiphop The start of gangsta Leo Tolstoy 118281910 famous for writing several novels he is also important because of his view on society and thinking what society should do he believes government was itself the fundamental problem anarchism we should abandon government sustain ourselves on a vocal basis Tolstoy vs Schneider Robert Owen 117711858 believed in creating ideal communities he believes we need to establish utopias He helped created a community called New Harmony it was in Indiana he believes we should decentralize Industrial Workers of the World both Tolstoy and Owen were interested in establishing a central world ideal communities In the turn of the 20 h century this was not possible Their view was the whole world should be made into a set of unions It is the workers who will own all property it is radicalism in its most extreme form Peer to Peer networks piracy Garrett Hardin 11915200310ne of the most important ecological thinkers he was one of the first people to start talking about ecology he had trouble finding the right department He starts off being interesting in sociology and the multiply relationships in an extreme The tragedy of the commons1968 llthe population problem has no technical solution it requires a fundamental extension in moralityquot He is saying in ecological analysis is population Ra ggae Griot the last poets 1968 street poets of west Africa this is a local scene only speaking in harlem 42711 Radicalism and folk music in the last quarter century Types of radicals Political radicals and folk music Cultural radicals and folk music Ani difranco ISS 04272011 Radicalism and Folk Music in the last Quarter Century Types of Radicals Radicalism the hope that you can change all of society llThe Leftquot is a confusing term The terms comes from how the rads sat on the left in French parliament The initial use of the term ends up now continuing Those people who want a just society are called leftist Those who want an orderly society are called the right for the most part Herbert Aptheker 19152003 He was a member of good standing in the communist party He tried to write the history of America as the struggle of the classes the oppressed and oppressor In his view the only appropriate reaction was revolution Old Left look to the Soviet Union for leadership Theodore Roszak 1933present Counterculture Beliefs arose that the Soviet Union was just as corrupt as the United State Roszak was a historian in California He taught at univ of calif haywood Many of his students were going to SF listening to music and taking the drugs They are seeing themselves as part of a new culture Male oppression capitalism racism should be abolished He sees people opening up communes Instead of militarism you campaign against nuclear war You refuse to participate in the draft Making of a Counterculture 1969 his book about counterculture New Left 0 SDS they led a strike that shut down our university The msu pres led an antiwar march o quot 39 39 and 39 quot quot a for transferring the ownership and control of the means of production and distribution to workers39 unions Industrial Workers of the world Malvina Reynolds 19001978 she was born in san Francisco to a Jewish family She worked in textile and heard the group the Weavers She convinced herself she could perform like that She took classes in musicology at univ Berkley She sang llLittle Boxesquot She is saying were not going to listen to llMr Charlie or the quotmanquot anymore One of her many issues is the problem of conformity Utah Philips 1935deadMalvina inspired Philips He was born in Cleveland and went to the war in Korea and came back so furious He ended up in Utah where cath workers converted him into an anarchist rad He learns how to use songs as weapons Arlo Guthrie 1947presentArlo sometimes sang about drugs Singerssongwriters the movement of the period was to move away from the sense of angry rad and toward a sense of introspection One of the ways it found itself its expression is thru the advent of singersongwriters Joni Mitchell and James Taylor used music to sing about themselves At the same time there is another kid of music inspired by a cultural radicalism Jefferson Airplane considered acid rock or part of the psychedelic movement Crosby Still Nash and Young Political Radicals and Folk Music Cultural Radicals and Folk Music Ani Di Franco l970present the history of this music ends in the present She has decided to make folk music completely political again Topics for final How did relationships and interactions between black and white musicians and others producers talent scouts etc impacts the development of the music covered in the three units Race effects folk music Harry ledbeally was discovered by the lomaxes and they were paternalistic racisms Paul ropeson he played athello he was only playing roles for aferican American men he had many constraints for his job Another thing to look at is Motown and berry gordy his is the first black person in poser that we haven t really discussed disco music with race relations played a factor because it was a lot like RampB and it is mainstream Disco mainstreamed music What is the relationship between social reformprotest and this music Radicalism hopes of changing the government was expressed Utah Philips music was about the man quothis bossquot his labor another folk artist would be aweoifjwoefj we don t see this as much with jazz because it s not lyrical Charlie Parker could be considered a social reform of jazz because he said he didn t want to play this way he wanted to change the way he played s jazz there is black and white like count basie he can t preform in infront of white people only blacks Motown barry gordy was not a political person the song quotwhat s going onquot by marvin gay represents the social movement and civl rights It can be extrepalated to the riots in the 60 s it shows those that don t want to be part of socialism are still being affected Hiphop is political because awoeifjo The poets expressing music in harlem Folk music many examples jazz a lot to think about What is the syncretism and what are the ways it is expressed through this music it is more like the amalgamation bringing together or blending think about how syncretism expressed through music important part is what kind of culture takes over Hiphop a precursor to hiphop was reggae which was popular in Jamaica it was so different because it was for jamican it is very similar to folk music cool herk puts on parts and starts mixing records this is an example of syncretism it is very significant that it was in Jamaica because it was a colony This shows that one culture doesn t nesccarliy dominate just through music Hiphop is the syncretism of reggae and Motown look how they came together in a silly way it came up with hiphop hiphop is the new dominet music culture think about the roots of jazz and folk music how they end up being How did location affect the development of the music covered in the three units Grenwich Villiage in NYC at the foot of Manhattan For generations been the local for artist playwrights poets writers etc this is because Greenwich Village was very cheap It was not easy to get to by subway It is too far north were the rich people want to be It is not exactly a well located place In Greenwich Village where young men women from everywhere show up in the late 1950 s they begin to entertain one another with coffee house and clubs People go to NY and sit around in coffee houses for hours Harlem Marketing becomes much more targeted the development of okeh records was found by german jewish entepraneurs in harlem usually ethnic music for jews Small market wasn t doing too good After harlem changed to a black neighborhood Okeh said quotwhat about this new neighborhood they begin to market only to blacks race music Sold only in small storesjazz harlem what very important another important place was Kansas city it was a place where AA s can devolpope their soundie bay city Broadway is another thing to think about for the development of jazz Getting back to harlem Harlem started ofas a German jew and Russian pop then it became mainly and AA place Folk music Greenwich village is cheap and there are coffee shop another significant place for folk music is the highlander school the kinds of people going there are black and white It is a place that black and whites are together From the dustbowl people are trying to go to the west coast and important place is central valley California Radicalism in the 1960 s is taking off in Berkley and sanfran The main difference in county and folk is country was more to make money and Nashville was a main county success Soulblues music started in the mississppi delta and people are going between the delta and Memphis this is when it is becoming more mainstream Another place is paradise valley and Detroit Hiphop was developing in NYC and the broncs it is significant because there were a lot of immigrants there for the free housing from the Caribbean Jamaica it was where the reggae was Old left Herbert Aptheker1191520031 called left because the people who were anti royalist sat on left and people pro loyalist sat on right people that cut kings head of were on left people that got their own heads cut off sat on right In the French revolution the leftist take over Herbert tried to write the history of America with the struggles of the classes in his view the only appropriate result was revolution his most famous book was a reinterpretation of slavery Theodore Roszak EBBpresent Counterculture In the 1960s it started becoming the new left historian study counter culture he brought it to NRC Haywood Wrote about count cultur Anachism and Syndicalism many of the new left people call themselves as anarchism Malvina Reynolds 119001978 she was everybodies grandmother she was born in sanfran to a jewish merchant family she worked in a texiled shop then she heard the music of the weavers she took graduate classes in musicality in the UofCali for the 1950 s on she was writing songs of protest ISS 04272011 Radicalism and Folk Music in the last Quarter Century Types of Radicals Radicalism the hope that you can change all of society llThe Leftquot is a confusing term The terms comes from how the rads sat on the left in French parliament The initial use of the term ends up now continuing Those people who want a just society are called leftist Those who want an orderly society are called the right for the most part Herbert Aptheker 19152003 He was a member of good standing in the communist party He tried to write the history of America as the struggle of the classes the oppressed and oppressor In his view the only appropriate reaction was revolution Old Left look to the Soviet Union for leadership Theodore Roszak 1933present Counterculture Beliefs arose that the Soviet Union was just as corrupt as the United State Roszak was a historian in California He taught at univ of calif haywood Many of his students were going to SF listening to music and taking the drugs They are seeing themselves as part of a new culture Male oppression capitalism racism should be abolished He sees people opening up communes Instead of militarism you campaign against nuclear war You refuse to participate in the draft Making of a Counterculture 1969 his book about counterculture New Left 0 SDS they led a strike that shut down our university The msu pres led an antiwar march A I39 I39 and 39 a for transferring the ownership and control of the means of production and distribution to workers39 unions Industrial Workers of the world Malvina Reynolds 19001978 she was born in san Francisco to a Jewish family She worked in textile and heard the group the Weavers She convinced herself she could perform like that She took classes in musicology at univ Berkley She sang llLittle Boxesquot She is saying were not going to listen to llMr Charlie or the quotmanquot anymore One of her many issues is the problem of conformity Utah Philips 1935deadMalvina inspired Philips He was born in Cleveland and went to the war in Korea and came back so furious He ended up in Utah where cath workers converted him into an anarchist rad He learns how to use songs as weapons Arlo Guthrie 1947present Arlo sometimes sang about drugs Singerssongwriters the movement of the period was to move away from the sense of angry rad and toward a sense of introspection One of the ways it found itself its expression is thru the advent of singersongwriters Joni Mitchell and James Taylor used music to sing about themselves At the same time there is another kid of music inspired by a cultural radicalism Jefferson Airplane considered acid rock or part of the psychedelic movement Crosby Still Nash and Young Political Radicals and Folk Music Cultural Radicals and Folk Music Ani Di Franco 1970present the history of this music ends in the present She has decided to make folk music completely political again ISS 04272011 Radicalism and Folk Music in the last Quarter Century Types of Radicals Radicalism the hope that you can change all of society llThe Leftquot is a confusing term The terms comes from how the rads sat on the left in French parliament The initial use of the term ends up now continuing Those people who want a just society are called leftist Those who want an orderly society are called the right for the most part Herbert Aptheker 19152003 He was a member of good standing in the communist party He tried to write the history of America as the struggle of the classes the oppressed and oppressor In his view the only appropriate reaction was revolution Old Left look to the Soviet Union for leadership Theodore Roszak 1933present Counterculture Beliefs arose that the Soviet Union was just as corrupt as the United State Roszak was a historian in California He taught at univ of calif haywood Many of his students were going to SF listening to music and taking the drugs They are seeing themselves as part of a new culture Male oppression capitalism racism should be abolished He sees people opening up communes Instead of militarism you campaign against nuclear war You refuse to participate in the draft Making of a Counterculture 1969 his book about counterculture New Left 0 SDS they led a strike that shut down our university The msu pres led an antiwar march quot 39 39 and 39 quot quot a for transferring the ownership and control of the means of production and distribution to workers39 unions Industrial Workers of the world Malvina Reynolds 19001978 she was born in san Francisco to a Jewish family She worked in textile and heard the group the Weavers She convinced herself she could perform like that She took classes in musicology at univ Berkley She sang llLittle Boxesquot She is saying were not going to listen to llMr Charlie or the quotmanquot anymore One of her many issues is the problem of conformity Utah Philips 1935deadMalvina inspired Philips He was born in Cleveland and went to the war in Korea and came back so furious He ended up in Utah where cath workers converted him into an anarchist rad He learns how to use songs as weapons Arlo Guthrie 1947present Arlo sometimes sang about drugs Singerssongwriters the movement of the period was to move away from the sense of angry rad and toward a sense of introspection One of the ways it found itself its expression is thru the advent of singersongwriters Joni Mitchell and James Taylor used music to sing about themselves At the same time there is another kid of music inspired by a cultural radicalism Jefferson Airplane considered acid rock or part of the psychedelic movement Crosby Still Nash and Young Political Radicals and Folk Music Cultural Radicals and Folk Music Ani Di Franco 1970present the history of this music ends in the present She has decided to make folk music completely political again ALGreen1946 present an attempt to take the groove idea and slow it down a bit He came up in a very devout Christian family His family came from Grand Rapids His father disowns him after he doesn t want to sing church music AlfredKinsey Alfred Kinsey 18941956 first major American researcher on sexuality Became a prof at Indiana U after WW1 He was interested in sexual dysfunction He saw this as a psychological and research institute He makes the study of sexuality a serious endeavor He was an inspiration about studying sexuality AniDiFranco1970present the history of this music ends in the present She has decided to make folk music completely political again ArethaFranklinl942present decided to sing what she wanted to sing not what her father wanted her to sing RESPECT Otis Redding her family are very instrumental in her growing up her expierence stands up to the morning hand report because it refueds it by she is not raised by a mother and a father she is raised by members of her Baptist chuch and her mother is not in the picture after a certain point yet her father is That is a big key because the morning hand report says her father is a big deal ArloGuthrie BeatlesLiver pool in penny lane Go to Germany English skipple bands became popular The boys work on their own music Change in Band in 1962 they became the Beatles John Lennon original Paul McCartney original George Harrison original Stu Sutcliffe left 1961 came up with name Peter Best left 1962 Ringo Starr joined 1962 Came out in the elizabethen era and they combind jazz and indie and music together Rock and roll as collab uses example of the Beatles Ber Gordy1929presentborn in Detroit MI family started a family fund and if you had a bright idea you could talk to the other members of the family and ask for the money All of them established a project He established a record story It was a small successl929present Born in Detroit The Gordy s estabbed a family lnd for different projects He was the youngest kid He wants to be a boxer He decides hell work for the auto industry He decides to start record stores with his family He was an authoritarian kind of leader berry gordy bene tted from the raising of paradise valley BigMamaThornton19261984 she became a big star Wexler believes one of her songs has market power Wexler and billboard turned her music into a hit BlindLemonlefferson He has been hearing some of the songs coming out of the delta but adds a bit of sweetness 0n the guitar He offer a more melodic guitar sound BobMarleyHe was a Rastafarian He was a deeply spiritual man As he developed reggae in post colonial Jamaica was that the point of the music was to estab a common sound for the people In his view this was community building music It was also a deeply religious music Lots of people across the world were hearing Bob Marley s music A local music expands itself internationally The term world music wasn t used until this reggae took off Bobby SeeleHuey Newton and Bobby Seele organized the group the Black Panthers they became the symbolic figures of black power Black power became a phenomenon at the same as the riots People in the FBI like Hoover thought they were causing the riots CLFranklinl915l984 He was born in the delta Sunflower county He was well known as a preacher man He accepts a pulpit in Buffalo New York He has four children with his second wife The mother is left in Buffalo when he takes his major pulpit in Detroit He was pushing the edge of what preaching should sound like His sermons weren t atypical but they were considered the best He was the best preacher He was invited to give lessons to other people Bc his wife has been left behind in buffalo he raised in children in the church His house was invaded in the late seventies and eh took a few yrs longer to die in a coma CharleyPatton189ll934 He was born in the southern part of the delta By the time he was a teenager he had developed a particular style of singing Charley Patton started to t0urscreamin and hollerin the blues Muddy calls it country blues ChuckBer l926present he came from St Louis He grew up listening to jazz He also listened to country music He puts it all together in Chicago The rhythm becomes a very important part of the blues He becomes one of the most famous musicians in England espec in Liverpool ChucijCarlton Douglas RidenhourjI l960present Went to Adelphi univ and majored in graphic design He and flavor flav got together and played music And thus we have Public Enemy CissyHoustonredid midnight plane to HoustonWhitney Houston s mom recorded as an up tempo soul song ColdCrushBrothersl979 They are actually adding one more dimension They bring in some rhythm and blues ColonelTomParker 19091997 he probs was a smuggler He was almost certainly engaged in a lot of black market activities in the south He decides to reinvent himself with a new name and new southern accent He decided he wanted to become an artist representative He was looking for someone with a big profile DanielPatrickMomihanj19272003j found academic career in Boston He was always interested in policy he caught up with the idea of unintended consequences Said black families were pathological The Moynihan report 1965 if liberals believed it would be possible to have a war on poverty 19272003 Both the genius and the problem He tried an academic career as a sociologist in Boston didn t work Discovered that Washington was more of his place He was interested in policy and how we can understand our desires to make a better world He was particularly caught up with the idea of unintended consequences DaVidHollinger DavidMancusoI 1944gresent he wanted to own a nightclub and decided to have parties in his apartment He basically just had a record player and flashing lights He came up with the idea of the disco ball DianaRossshe becomes a clothing designer for Hudson s in Detroit She thought she would make clothing for her life Her rst group was called the primettes this was more for ln lived in paradise valley Donna Summers La Donna Gaines 1948present she is from boston Brought up in a Christian background She goes to new york and tries to get into the music business It took her awhile to come around to the notion to sing more popular songs EFranklinFrazier1894 1962 he was trained at the univ of Chicago Because he was black he was never able to get a permanent position in a public or private univ that was not oriented educating AA s AAs used relig to talk about their spiritual strivings Ministers imams relig leaders are always asking what it means to be a human the role of relig and its possibs Both Malcolm X and MLK are figures Frazier would have understood Frazier wants to know about ordinary people within African American communities and how relig works for them Churches function as community centers hiring halls places of sport dating services The black church is also a AA community center Elizabech Elizabethl ElvisPresley EricHobsbawm EttaIames FernandoOrtiz GarrettlIardin GeorgeRude GladysKnight GloriaGaynor GrandmasterFlash GregoryPincus Griot TheLastPoets HerbertAptheker HoraceCayton HueyNewton IamesBrown IamesTaylor IaneIacobs IeffersonAirplane IerryWexler IimWeatherly IohnCalVin IohnKennethGalbraith IohnO sborne IoniMitchell IurgenHabermas KoolHerc LamontD ozier LeoTolstoy LewisHenryMorgan LouisWirth Mahalialackson MalvinaReynolds ManuDibango MarVinGaye MaXWeber MemphisSlim Michaellgnatieff MichaelWalzer MichelFoucault Micklagger MuddyWaters NiccoloMachiavelli NinaSimone ObieBenson OtisRedding PaulGoodman RalphPeteyGreen RobertB ellah Robert ohnson RobertMoses Robert Owen RobertRed eld RoyOrbison Shakespeare SmokeyRobinson StevlandIudkins StevieWonder StokelyCarmichael TheAnimals TheRollingStones ThedaSkocpol TheodoreRoszak ThomasSkidmore TomStoppard UtahPhilips WEBDubois WCBandy WilliaquliusWilliams WilliamSmokeyRobinson Winthrop ordan ISS 220 7 Bailey 7 Wednesday January 1239 2011 Lecture Notes Two Test Cases Lecture Outline 0 Cognitive science Framing 0 Music and The Civil War I Revivalism I Battle eld I Reformers I Labor uses frame Cognitive science 0 George Lakoff recommended to read 7 articles every other week and books every 18 months Not considered a eld until ve years ago Political science social science and communications depts At MIT Lakoff was student of Chomsky great at linguistics I Chomsky said Underlying all languages is a common set of principles Understanding underlying principles in all languages helps us to understand how humans work Student disagreed with professor Chomsky said society doesn t matter location does not matter all brains are more or less wired the same for language Lakoff wanted to bring society into mix with languages we are social animals our language is social 0 To understand the purpose of talking to one another one must understand how society uses language 0 Chomsky human nature is stable everyone is more or less the same 0 Lakoff socially constructed open Picture of two elephants on screen Don t think about elephants Continues to restate Another picture of mama and baby elephants on screen Obviously we re all thinking about elephants but not only elephants Also thinking about their descriptors and anything associated with elephants Possibly the circus or zoos Don t think about elephants Stop thinking about elephants Elephant heard more than the words telling us not to think about them Chomsky tell someone Don t do something but they often hear more of what you re telling them not to do When word elephant is said brain is active largely in a certain spot because of so many things you know about elephants being put together through synapses FRAME 7 set of associations helps us understand many things in Lakoff s view We live by metaphor Lakoff Framing theory 7 we live in conceptual ways we understand ourselves as Detroiters or people from Novi or Bad Axe think of ourselves as inhabitants of social spaces 0 Particularly useful in advertising associate some disgusting thing with happiness I Toilet paper ads on television bears with tp on toushys most people don t want that but 11 the commercial tp is associated with cute happy cubs I Don t squeeze the Charmin ad years ago on television I Selling a product through framing 0 Politics really hit by framing theory 000 00 O ISS 220 7 Bailey 7 Wednesday January 1239 2011 VP Al Gore frame Al Gore as smart accomplished guy who is also thinking about issues of his time How do we make Al Gore bad Movie called Inconvenient truth Mr Global Warming Reframing him to look like a bad person tried to make him look too smart Supposedly claimed to invent the Internet and have discovered a famous pollution site TRUTH He wrote the law in Congress that funded the Internet FALSE He invented the Internet His strength becomes his weakness Death panels written on Sarah Palin s Facebook said to be included in Health Care Reform what she actually did was reframe a piece of the bill Democrats awful at reframing because they talk about details Frank Luntz 7 republican advisor gathers people and throws framing phrases at them 0 Experiment Drilling oil on Gulf of Mexico 0 Luntz said No political candidate should ever say Drilling for oil in their campaign Essentially saying you want to send the society to the dentist Bad Should say exploring for new sources of energy Associations with who says this is better than who says 0 Key things to framing theory is repetition 0 Framing theory not a single set of data but a set of associations 19 11 Century Revivals o Vast religious revivals people more caught up in idea that Holy Spirit dominated American society then that in any other point in history Everyone was obsessed or worried with emotional experiences that the Holy Spirit would enter them or not Groups gathered to vibrate with the Lord Metaphors in Bible became essential to speech of 19 century 0 00 Good Samaritan 7 today only fraction would know exactly what passage in Bible is being referred to almost all 19 h century people would know and tell you in a heartbeat Negro spirituals 7 Moses led Jews out of Egypt into promised land Go down Moses let my people go Abraham Lincoln 7 Spring eld Missouri A house divided against itself cannot stand Quoted from Luke by Jesus Talking about Union one part free one part slave Today does not mean much of anything Frame in 19rh century 0 Religious Framing 7 dominate way of thinking bring inpeoples minds together around a set of metaphors William Steffe 7 publisher of hymnals may or may not have been rst to come up with or write down some music song Say Brothers will you meet us on Canaan s Happy Shore 0 o o O Chorus of song Glory glory Hallelujah 4X then For Ever Evermore Hallelujah is Hebrew and evokes the Bible Advocates of Civil War took Steffe s hymn and made it into a political song John Brown s body lies a mouldering in the grave Julia Ward Howe 7 woman associated with anti slavery movement tanktthxmxe Wm Wnudy cummk 5mgquot um Wm rm Landis myLandquot 5 5 Wm m Gad E1255 Ammanquot mm nmu sm amehzwas Land fth Freequot dmm mmny39 m am a a v h my am rm r w M a m h n m M m t D A y HunmandLaugaxquot m M m mm pm ndw u H W 1955 q T k weshallnmbemwved mdmadext lshallnm h a m w v Pmrm A w n iApmxzM 19137 u A u u m n q n mass may mAmencA a a w n v m m 39 GadElessAmenca SmSpangedEamzxquot mam1quot m m a a n
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'