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FDNS 2100 Chapter 8 Notes

by: alk88738

FDNS 2100 Chapter 8 Notes FDNS 2100

GPA 3.5
Human Nutrition and Food
Tracey Brigman

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Chapter 8 slides filled out
Human Nutrition and Food
Tracey Brigman
Class Notes
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This 25 page Class Notes was uploaded by alk88738 on Monday March 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to FDNS 2100 at University of Georgia taught by Tracey Brigman in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Human Nutrition and Food in Child and Family Studies at University of Georgia.


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Date Created: 03/14/16
quota 9Mu Chapter 8 Water and Minerals 314201 6 Bottled Water 1 in 15 households use bottled water 2504 0000 times the cost of tap water Not safer than tap water 39 Test of 1000 bottles of103 brands 333 contaminated with bacteria arsenic or synthetic organic chemicals 25 of bottled Water is drawn from the tap Bottled Water FDA regulates bottled water sold in mama t 00m A D tests bottled water 39 HStandarcfs substan39 l hi Egg 5 t U39S WL till 9290 i Water is the most Whitest Makes up about a 0 at a n clampg 33 Wateris the most indispensable nutrient 342016 WATER nutrient H 35ng Camp Wi 3 joints eyes fetus 3 iii W Regulation h Lu on be WC Maintains U m39 E 331 jgm E mechanism Wane inpui Total men 2300 ml liquids EBB1500 ml water creeied by melabollsm 200404 inl foods men 000 mu Water Balance Water ouipul Tole 1450300 mi skin deemeeo ml lungs 35c ml kidneys sec14m mi quot feces 150ml one Regulation of Water Balance Kidneys Brain The Honeys respond to The hgpathaiamus as ride reduced blood ow hip to hi salt canoenlra pin In temasing this enzyme resin the in acid by emulating the r piiuilawgianm 39 39 3 a lnln 39 39 Minni elmduecee 39qicloaigrpneirxq B Aidesarena Kldnnyu eLain sodium and waier lhua Increasing blood volume 1553 NIHNI Millikan CW iili39F Regulation of Water Balance ADH Antidiuretic Hormone J HAicohoi inhibits ADH dihi d MKU G Mi i liiil When blood pressure BP ism WW or blood ism commuted 1Hypothalamus gt pituitary gt ADIl reiease ADH he mane g reobgom gem mi WW 0339 3 nUE 6058 i am 3 I wz x 3141201 6 Regulation of Water Balance Sign of Dehydration 2 Kidneys release renin I renin activates Wm I39r39lil ll1393iSHFIJ angiotensin mm 511315bi tlll iltim l n39 Tmquot 12 angereigm cause adrenal glands to Suitienegiginlie quot3 3977 secrete aidesterone aidosterone ugt R lfllhi39ll39llli39l39iquot57395Iquotquot5 f Klan wt realises were mi viih i am it 13 quot i quot 39 05 Ltnv screamsiwees Immirsl kidney 111mm 39 39 1quot c Body Fluids and Minerals Water Follows Salt Ma39or minerals form Stilt that dissolve in Water 3 EMS and OUtS39de 0f the 36 3 body fluids the cells Irect where the saits HOW do 0333 keep themselves from go and this determiiies where the fluids flow 39 m 3 xhg ESQ collapsing when water leaves them and because 01 Q m m from swelling up when too much water enters them The slices of eggplant on the right wen Sp nkled with salt Notice I I their heads of quotsweatquot formed as cellular water moves across each cell39s mamhrane waterpermeable divider toward the higher concentration of salt dissolved particles on the surface Electrolytes Electrolytes are salts md r d tSttiillt in water and 55 051 mi t Simi i t i Examples Nitquot Kquot 0 lquot Electrolytes mm M WET Some reside inside the cell 2 K1 whee others outside of the cell Ndi Llquot 34I2016 Electrolytes Electrolytes create 395 USWLU39HL Pl ESSUl H Electrolytes are pumped across cell membranes by Wili39iitii39i l Will 13 Electrolytes Attract Water El rm Vitamin ushing Cemfzn li How Electrolytes Govern Water Flow all it With equal numbers of dissolved particles are added to inereaee on both sides ot a water the ooncentmtioo on panneabledit ider water side B Particles cannot levels remain equal flow across the divider in theoase o1 fluid inside and outside a cell the divider is a cell membrane l A E B 41 Now additional particles 395 Water can ow both ways across the dhiider but tends to move tron side A to side B where there is a greater concentration oi dissolved particles The volume of water increases on side 8 and the cooceoimlions on sides A and 3 become equal 31x v 39K3 Jvnmm 3141201 6 How Electrolytes Govern Water Flow Tooontrol the flow of water ceiis must oi 39 39on c J 68 Tomlin21 time to uno cf The result is E wit 5 Elg l Hinge 39 GlC th Cell membrane 39 outside E I eCt r0 I yte e to gsium m be I a nce eSociium Transport Proteins amp Electrolytes areaow utL math tcm we d39r39 m parn mere394 retain Fem Wiser MicaH era4 5 99553 n 1 f Minerals 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Dietary deficiency israre L M if DCL Ante w De ciency seen in hbjdi l i dtub i Principal CL within the body 13man ied 10 myrim 5 V dim heat ills Deficiency seen with use of certain drugs i CWQY bamn diuretic steroids laxatives u Awm Symptom my scie Ewea i x n ess HU gut con b c ti q Toxicity overuse of W i um eg so i seeps insert H c 93 quott0 coricct hx ce sngon heart patients L y hhiUGC 39 9eg gm boalum and PotaSSIum in ESE Foods Pnocesssn 93 a Potassium Rel Sources of Potassium VFWSh we 3 and yecpmmeg FAg ctnmsgmq increases pcmgsium ciemeoseg cmcl Sodium mcwoses v Henrs PMK a KN m i Grains quot quot quotquot i I Wholewheat bread 39WGHHT IS is Sodlum 39 MORE PROCESSED a mI Wad nmh MEIg wwr 39ll39 PoseI1 Iple crackers 2 We a 39 c1quotquotch rawWm uxMy POTASSIUM FLI RECON lm umxt Mfrs Ff1 Irq vit Hlif FLIHCI IDHS LL r as raw 3 i utla39d a Hvo39 tE39a w 4 mm cram 512E d q 139339 fie21615 4110 I l n J Ham hug t ram Jr raw trawl9 r41 mace await 15 DEFICIENCY III ale valve9 paw whim swam 349 Make1 mam UHF L fat 11 Her J i MegTam 1 mm 1 quota J3 tarm r 39I 1 ridEd in o a w r h an 554 pyJr m 5 59 t39r ham g 39 airED MIND nraz e view1 4 m l39quot39E39rDE39p39I39 MELDL I tut11 434mg 1 1 ch1rI quot 39 39 quot i3939r39 I39r 3 34 39 I L em 9535 tam1 If e 39 T i rrg 5 39CCAL 39J snag1 3 inn1 Chloride Cl f Major anion 113 a39IS Ethe 06 I 39 Needed fgr39 a hd mm haim39 39 H 31 W s WMa 3039 Problem E033 when vomiting egg Bulimia upsets aeidfbase balance in b0dy DeHCxeh is rare 1114 abu dam in mag 101 34201 6 Potassium Sulfur is not used as a nutrient by itself but is garr 0 0mmquot Cowpemdq Bridges in Part VitaminsBin n and 11339 MA n ihsm m Sulfur S e39 S i x39 S Shilng 15 3412016 No recommended intake Sources Sulfur Deficiency is unknown 39Pdi eremm tom i dming Lowg hem en xmm and pie ht 16 THE TRACE MINER A 3 Trace Minerals Overview I Trace mineral content of food 0 16 3 S tiling eh go n wu ter Noeming 39 t1 Zinc I De ciencies are typically CM39lUi i0 39ihlw 1 iii Selenium and film 39l UEEI i l D39Dfiii tic Fluoride 39 TM WK Q l i TQKQS Flor femquot dime eammwed re cinnamonn 19 Chromium t 3 Copper I Be careful With supplements rb Qumran m and WWFS m an to piemam S I Interactions among them HQ m v39 1W inquot n l0k Q we rmvch remand quotm de cienc lec of ower9 10 de a Th d In Iodine CIva gig n till 01 Le ilie c 39 t e t yroi mid 3mm Mmemime W Ui gland 39 I 1 I I 80 l Cretisriiiigqci g egg mild w 91 3 enlargesun de c ienl pj durum p Cih i COHdlth Umcrgmle m lake and known as Ph5 l0tu VETCil ClCI HDT i 1h bribth Simple goiter Iodine 1 Sources Bcecm ono coo oxoreog r rwundtg 39Mquot m comma E13011th otEOn m gfgon mmS39de geocood me UU WT lod x z d mm Uh US and tuned u Iron F e I Functions WY 0 quot hemoggo cm and mgocimb m L gorn and exeo eoxchenw 139 Forms of Iron Heme vs Nonheme Fe Heme WUhd 39m on n mm Emu mew MSer ehzx beware om mun mh heme w Mammei mm in 0mm and onimcu Hock cod 9 abgomed goo r U Home and Non Heme Iron in Foods From meats From at only food Only foods derived All the Iron in foods Dietary intake Irom anima esh derived from plants datiy average freeman heme but is nunhema iron heyr aIso contain nonheme iron 1953 W sw u MilErr Carrpang P WNunh me is aogorbed begTie w x n new mom Iron cont d Factors that affect absorption 39 increased by quotV r s39thmm L quotquot HW H mm 1W 3V WWW It ck quot39 incremecl new du n Decregsmgd h 0 o d a n 3 rag 39 e T o n39n39xcot39ld Wm M gege 39 okeogeams MSorp39bon 39 Cotcmm aphogphgmug m m lt I e Wyereg m berord U h H1 gromS a U r awit I w Absorbing Iron This ohili dinner providos iron and ME factor from meat iron from legumes and vitamin C from tomatoes Th 9 C mh iihtt oh39o heme iron non axiom a s t maximum 9 39 whoo fv w Iron Absorption in Food 2 s1o 1520 Averagajrpn absorpllon 36 Q m Won u Memo Canon quot Iron Absorption o Lquot Jar m ndvlwn Stores High 1533 3mth MilW man rim Iron Oxygen Exchange 10xygon enters 40arbon dioxide Ihelongs Toyothed fromionga Iron nger iron Hemoglobin carbon dloxlde pif x 205rgon rotoaaod 3 Carbon dioxlde olokod up El rm W sm Mum Dummy Iron Iron De ciency 39 De ciency Prevalence T d fucenmj MOS WWW V IU39 Km quot139 1 t 0 hole in USl Taggngng ombgengg i nUd women of childbearingage Iron De ciency and A emift Iron def fie KYO 2 WHES WM 0 1r m 113 e 0 me e hem1a Anemia g uew dapKEVtgh 39 chr S39i tb r g w 1th cw hemoqwh m J m wmwm MSW campymm Iron Iron De ciency Anemia I Iron De ciency and Behavior of WLE l WHK L61 PUG 1M see this iong before anemia is present d 3quotquot in school childrenmistaken for 1 CWi 8 9Q m to an 19ch cc M ue WotHon in child WWW 0L5 eeEexreememxca a g p re S EW C Norma Red Blood Cells Iron De ciency Anemia Small pale ceEls Iron I from Toxicity I I Iron Overloacf 439 h WIUUD WWj t B gig m moiT common oohng 6150st in mt fb39sorb39 oomvw xmw QQQ Mar domoqmund m one E ooc mmobe removed w mount woh J frown Iron sources W HQOVT wed meat amghemtsourm Fish ew t ned clgwmsluxoms 39 green Le 0M VBQCd t S Iron I Iron Overload oon t Iron Poisoning ohiidren aocidentaliy taking iron egmother s pugs meooangcquse 0 2 cc nclen w W39tgo m E5 9mg gi K1 d Log Km 3931 symptoms nausea vomiting diarrhea increased heart rate Contamination Iron 21 Zinc De ciency rst reported in Egypt Iran Turkey in l960 s quotquot WWW retardation Hakeemwow quot Qi39ie 33 bra13915 9 1 53 r n t o 1e11 young ehiidren elderiy poor Waitth 39quot tmotheckt Wth W Wi habh jm t 11 l 391 5 9 QD F ICJ seenwggi li gpkg 39 3 WE R J wtb 23 Zinc Zn I Functions important in Mun enm met T SU m 39 0 N m mm elmmu nt Sagan v I A va Y q aw oercap on W Nbuho he UM q quot Warm dam on oment w Zinc Foogl Sources of m I Sources nginc mu1r 5 39 M IV i OU39 J 1UUE w N nmt C ra m s 39lt Selenium Se I F t39 cheiro s m cm mn ox chant mums thug mid hormowe ELLhxe I De cient q e mmgmoreme U SE W madman 39 Sources v m um uwd O th CWWCU PerDQa wmm qwlm 23 N u Fluoride Fl I Function mm or emigwuwre 0 dental caries cavities are most wiricspread health problem 39 39 De ciency increased risk of jE 39139 i g Toxicity in communities where if HU CE W quoti S W 39 i S 3 T U 39l 39 I so 0i V 9H 8 Hm best source is ciY W i i551 WW ni Uh 0 mm rims ro uoridfwti w 39 t iiwor39icu loES not come Grow W Percent of population in each state with access to uoridated water NH CT NJ DE M ED VT oc soars 774 gt5 a Chromium Cr I Function associated with i SU39i39W W WUWWQW w e a r is chromium supplements do not h 11 ch W and ou iici Mvsue I Sources Maura coca xioii Whole timing gmies one hU39iquot 32 In ram Copper Cu I Function harps mm emquem CNIG E S YT 13quot wer a kh rmqu mg I De ciency 39 3 1L3 rare I Sources exec urnaewmre m msmm 0T Q meu i39g se dc I aimed W m quot Wider m 33 r gar 391 Other Trace Minerals I Nickel I Silicon I Tin I Vanadium I Cobalt part of Vitamin B 12 I Boron I Arsenic II Gold


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