Anth 101, Week 8 Notes
Anth 101, Week 8 Notes ANTH 101
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Breionna Real on Monday March 14, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 101 at Southeastern Louisiana University taught by Kellen Gilbert in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Southeastern Louisiana University.
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Date Created: 03/14/16
Cultural Anthropology SELU ANTH 101 Week Eight Lecture Notes Patterns of Subsistence A people’s chosen method develops out of consideration of the local climate, vegetation, and wildlife Ecology – the relations of organisms to one another and to their environment Ecosystem – a system, or a functioning whole, composed of both the natural environment and all the organisms living within it Cultural Ecology – the study of human interaction with ecosystems to determine how nature influences and is influenced by human social organization and culture Culture Core the underlying value that defines organizational identity through observable culture; it has four parts to it – tools and technology, knowledge, division of labor, and ideology. There are four patterns of subsistence 1. Hunting and Gathering 2. Pastoralism 3. Horticulture 4. Agriculture Hunting and Gathering Also called foraging Ethnographic Present a description of a culture as it was prior to contact The Hadzabe are one of the last H&G communities Live in small groups (usually under 100), most located in marginal areas Only about 300,000 individuals live as H&G and are primarily nomadic, only carry what they need and are not very materialistic people Division of labor – men are the hunters while women are gatherers Carrying Capacity – number of people the area can support Population Density – number of people spread over an area There are two ways that populations are kept down: Prolonged lactation prevents the hormones that cause mensuration in women, so they ultimately have less children over their lifetime Infanticide is rare, but has been noted in a number of rainforest communities