Introduction To Biological Anthropology And Human Evolution
Introduction To Biological Anthropology And Human Evolution ANTH 20400
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by London Nienow on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH 20400 at Purdue University taught by Michele Buzon in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 60 views. For similar materials see /class/207849/anth-20400-purdue-university in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Purdue University.
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Date Created: 09/19/15
Anth 204 Final Review o Forensic Anthro o 50 years since the time of death I Length of time where a case is forensically relevant A subfield that examines how the burial environment has altered evidence 0 I Forensic taphonomy Identi cation of the individual I Primary goal of forensic Anthro 0 Age sex ancestry stature pathological condition I Biological pro le Controlled collection and excavation of human remains and other 0 O evidence from the scene I Forensic Anthro o Primate origins o The idea that primate traits developed in response to the availability of fruit and owers I Angiosperm radiation hypothesis 0 Eocene euprimate possibly ancestral to lemurs and anthropoids I Adapids 0 Region where Oligocene primate fossils primarily come from I Fayum Egypt 0 Ape ancestor fossil that is strikingly similar to modern orangutans I Sivapithecus o Continent where Old World and New World monkeys originated I Africa 0 PreAustr o The idea that bipedalism developed in areas where the forest was becoming fragmented I Patchy Forest Hypothesis 0 The early 6mya bipedal fossil found in Kenya who lived in a forest I Orrorin tugenensis o The chewing complex where very large sharp canines cut food I Honing complex 0 Early 58mya fossil found in Ethiopia with perihoning I Ardz39pz39thecus kadabba 0 Fossil that was found in England that was determined to be a fraud I Piltdown fossil o Fossils 0 The study of deposition of animal and plant remains and the environmental conditions affected their preservation I Taphonomy 0 Rapid changes with long static periods I Punctuated equilibrium 0 The principle that the lower the layer the older the age I Steno s law of superposition 0 Two or more forms of a chemical that vary in number of neutrons I Isotopes 0 Dating methods based on elements with very long halflives that can be used to date volcanic materials I Radiopotassium dating 0 Australop o Likely ancestor or Lucy I Australopithecus anamensis 0 Fossil dating to 35mya found in Kenya with a at face I Australopithecusplatyops o Earliest stone tools found in association with early hominids I Olduwan tools 0 Robust Australopithecines found in East Africa I Australopithecus aethiopicus and Australopithecus boisez39 0 South Africa hominid with very large teeth face and sagittal crest I AustralopithecusRobustus Random questions 0 Species name for larger Homo habilis I Homo Rudolfensis 0 Species who body plan is similar to Homo habilis I Australopithecines 0 Major difference between Homo habilis and Australopithecines I Intelligence brain size and tool use 0 Region where Homo erectus skills more often have sagittal keels I Asia 0 Cause of rapid increase in body size from H habilis to H erectus I Access to animal protein 0 The part of the dentition that appears very worn in Neandertals due to using teeth as a tool I Anterior teeth 0 Differences in face shape between Neandertals and other archaic Homo sapiens I Wide nasal opening aperture and projecting midface o The pattern turn of injuries to which Neandertals skeletons are similar O O O O O O O O O O O O I Injuries of rodeo riders The environment that Neandertals were best suited based on Bergmann s and Allen s rules I Cold weather What did Neandertals mostly eat I Hunted meat Type of homo sapiens with high vertical forehead and round tall skull with a small face and projecting chin I Modern Homo sapiens Modern human origins model that suggests modern human first evolved in Africa spread out and had gene ow with local populations I Assimilation model Individuals who are more genetically diverse than other populations due to length of existence and or large population size I SubSaharan Africa Early inhabitants of the Americas whose cranial shape differs from recent Native Americans I Paleoindians Very small hominids discovered in Indonesia who might be new species or a sick individual I Homo oresiensis Effect of smaller and jaw and larger teeth due to softer diet over generations I Malocclusion Possible stimuli of agriculture I Population pressure and climate change Positive effects of agriculture I Support for large population and creation of food surplus Negative effects of agriculture I Populations competition environmental degradation disease and decrease in dietary diversity The idea that the cranial shape change when agriculture developed I Masticatoryfunctionalhypothieses
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