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Tropical Horticulture

by: Jeramie Kassulke

Tropical Horticulture HORT 40300

Jeramie Kassulke
GPA 3.8

Jules Janick

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About this Document

Jules Janick
Class Notes
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This 12 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jeramie Kassulke on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HORT 40300 at Purdue University taught by Jules Janick in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 208 views. For similar materials see /class/207913/hort-40300-purdue-university in Agricultural & Resource Econ at Purdue University.

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Date Created: 09/19/15
Lecture 1 Introduction to Tropical Horticulture Horticulture 403 TROPICAL HORTICULTURE ecoursespurdueedu Instructor Jules Janick 330 Horticulture Bldg 4941329 janickpurdueedu Grader Anna Whipkey 1 1 6A Horticulture Bldg 4946968 awhipkeypurdueedu Grades Grades will consist of quizzes two exams a final and a ter a d one extra credit exercise Final grade will be based on total points Points Quizzes 100 540600 A Exam 1 100 480539 B Exam 2 100 420479 C Term Paper 100 360419 D Final 200 lt359 F Total 600 Introduction to The Tropics An introduction to the agriculture of the tropics and subtropics emphasizing horticultural crops The course covers aspects of tropical geography and ecology as well as historical aspects of the tropics and subtropics Course Outline 1 Tropical Agriculture Introduction to the Tropics Theory Tropical Climate of the Tropics The Koppen Classification of Climates n Tropical Vegetatlo Tropical Soils Agricultural Potential of the Humid Tropics Agriculture in Tropical Systems Plantation Agriculture Hacienda S stem Agricultural Development in Tropical America Tropical Forestr Themes in Tropical Agriculture World Population 11 Major Tropical Crops Tropical Agr Research Weed Control amp IPM e Oil alm Coconut amp Date Cassava III Horticultural Crops Ta 0 Yams Miscellaneous Smrch Crops B a anan Pineapple Papaya Citrus Avocado Misc Fruit Crops History oi Spices Spice Crops Tropical Ornamentals Overview There arc dramatically apposing attitudcs towards the tropics both anti and pro tropic scntimcnts 3a c 13 quot f Rcsorts amp Rctircmcntlavcns vs Slums amp Shacks A Green an Bountiful vs Starvation Malnutrition Rich in Flora Vs Monolonously Green Reality Check It turns out that all of the above views are true This course will attempt to present a balanced picture of the tro ics P It is true however that the tropical world tends to be underdeveloped This course will try to develop answers to the following questions Reality Check It turns out that all of the above views are true This course will attempt to present a balanced picture of the tropics It is true however that the tropical world tends to be underdeveloped This course will try to develop answers to the following questions Why are the tropics poor Why is hunger endemic in the tro ics What is the agricultural potential for the tropics What is the horticultural potential of the tropics The Tropics Narrowly defined the tropics are those areas on the earth s surface between the Tropic of Cancer 235 N and the Tropic of Capricorn 235 S The tropics represent 36 of e earth s surface 20 of the land surface 43 of ocean surface The Tropics Narrowly de ned thc tropics arc thosc arcas on thc I I and thc Tropic of Capricorn 23505 b Night is thc winter or thc tropics Tropical Climates 1 Warnrtcrnpcraturcs wintcrlcss clinratcs lack of rost N un an rainran Distributed cithcr equally throughout thc ycar tropical rain iorcst Excrcrncly high in onc period monsoon 3 Dayicngth is closcto 12 hours Lhroughoutthe ycar continual short days Thcsc conditions havc a crcmcndons e 39ect on thc typc or natural vegetation and innncncc thc typc or horticulture Characteristics of Tropical Plants Short day plants Colorful owers attracting insects Perennial some grown as annuals in temperate climates Frost sensitive some cold sensitive Enormous plant diversity Agricultural Problems ofthe Tropics No break in the growing cycle pests and diseases more intense Leached soils com Excessive rain in Tropical Rainy and Monsoon climate Dry season in Savanna climates requires irrigation Short days and cloud cover restrict i High night temperatures increase respiration Tropical and Subtropical Crops Tropical agriculture involves important wellknown crops Major crops covered in this course will include Beverage Crops Fruits and Nuts Starchy Root Crops Industrial Crops Grasses rice amp sugar S ices Ornamentals Tarn 9 Sweet mm Industrial Crops Grasses Ornamentals Philndmdmn Buugenvillia The tropic between 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