Fundament Of Speech
Fundament Of Speech COM 11400
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elda Bahringer on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to COM 11400 at Purdue University taught by Joshua Dexter in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see /class/207921/com-11400-purdue-university in Communication Studies at Purdue University.
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Date Created: 09/19/15
An Introduction to Citing Sources APA This handout serves several purposes 0 Introduces you to why to general citation information will be on quiz 0 Teaches you some good places to access sources 0 Teaches you how to cite those sources using APA 0 Includes an assignment to test your citation skills Why is it important to cite sources properly 0 It gives the source proper credit for their hard work 0 It shows that you ve done your research 0 It helps situate your work within the historical line of research on a subject 0 It boosts your credibility o It allows readers to easily nd track down sources that interest them 0 It prevents charges of plagiarism and the punishments What is APA o APA American Psychological Association is a style of citation and formatting You may have used a different style in high school such as MLA APA is the most frequently used citation style in the social sciences You should always ask your teacher their preferred style Keep in mind that APA is not only a way to cite sources It also includes cues for formatting and tense usage among other things What are the two parts of an APA citation 0 ONE Ill text citation I This citation appears within the text of your paper either 0 Within a sentence 0 Andyou use an author s ideas Maraniss 2000 claims that Lombardi s football education began with the scoreless struggles he lived through between F ordharn and Pitt 0 Andyou quote an author Cote and Allahar 2007 state completing a university education is on average a wise investment p 171 0 At the end ofa sentence 0 Andyou use an author s ideas Some claim that Lombardi s football education started in his days at Fordharn Maraniss 2000 0 TWO 0 And you quote an author Most scholars still believe a university degree is on average a wise investment Cote amp Allahar 2007 p 171 0 Notes 0 When quoting an author your citation will usually appear within the sentence instead of at the end 0 O 0 You must cite an author for their ideas as well as their words Authors are typically cited by only last name in APA Internal citations typically include last name year and page number Reference List However the source may be a web page without an author 0 If this is so make sure the source is indeed reliable enough to use bad sources include eHowcom Wikipedia or Aboutcom they are too general Discuss the source in the best terms possible its credentials its utility etc Cite the article name if possible or the name of the web page Example Teach for America is the leading employer of recent college graduates Georgetown College nd 0 Notice that o n d was used to indicated that the source does not have a publish date This is common with websites The inteXt citation points you to the reference list where you can nd the full citation Only sources that are actually used and thus internally cited make the reference list This is a list of the sources you have used in your paper Certain formatting guidelines must be followed Purdue s OWL website is a worldleader for help with APA o httpowl enolish nnrdne 1 I 56001 0 OR simply do a web search for Purdue OWL APA An easy way to form a citation is to Find the example that ts your source book website journal article Copy and paste the example and replace each portion with your own information An examples of two common types of citations Abook Maraniss D 2000 When pride still mattered A life of Vince Lombardi New York NY Simon amp Schuster 0 Notice that O O A website The book title is italicized Only the rst word of the title and subtitle and proper names are capitalized in the title Only the full last name is used A hanging indent is used Every line after the first of each individual citation is indented 12 inch Georgetown College Advantages of a liberal arts degree Retrieved May 5 2009 from httpcollegegeorgetownedupersonaprospective43467html 0 Notice that There is no author on this site so the organization is used instead Only the first word and subtitles if any are capitalized in the title Retrieved refers to the date you access the source The full URL is given for the page you actually get the information wwwgeorgetownedu would not be adequate o This is an example of an APA references page 0 Notice that It is usually on its own page This is APA protocol unless your instructor says it is acceptable to just put it at the bottom of your last page It is entitled References NOT Works Cited or Bibliography The hanging indents References Asante M K 2008 The ideological significance of Afrocentricity in intercultural communication In Asante MK Miike Y amp Yin J Eds The Global Intercultural Communication Reader 47 55 New York Routledge Jencks C 1995 What is postmodernism In Anderson W T Ed The Truth about the Truth 26 33 New York Putnam Books Miike Y 2008 Toward an alternative metatheory of human communication In Asante MK Miike Y amp Yin J Eds The Global Intercultural Communication Reader 57 72 New York Routledge Sweet L McLaren BD amp Haselmayer J 2003 The Language of the emerging church Michigan Zondervan Wess R 1996 Kenneth Burke Rhetoric Subjectivity postmodernism Cambridge Cambridge University Press Assignment Make sure to complete each item labeled TASK and each step See example at the end for formatting o TASK 1 0 One good place to find sources is Google Books 0 wwwbooksgooglecom I You can search many books at once and often preview part of them online I To nd the publisher click more information under the picture of the cover or see if a preview of the title page is available I To find the location of the publisher enter the publisher name into a web search and nd contact usquot 1 Pick a topic and type this on your assignment sheet I Example Winking 2 Search for a reference on wwwbooksgooglecom 3 Create a sentence that references a book you nd on the subject with a proper internal citation I Example Guerrero and Floyd 2006 state that while nonverbal communication such as winking often has ambiguous meaning it still have strong direct social meaning related to affection and intimacy p 105 I Notice that o The period comes after the parentheses o Page is abbreviated p 4 Create a citation for the reference list 0 Example Guerrero L K amp Floyd K 2006 Nonverbal communication in close relationships Mawhah NJ Routledge o TASK 2 0 Another great place for journal articles is the Purdue library website 0 wwwlibpurdue edu 0 Academic journals provide very strong support as they are written by and reviewed by experts in each eld I There are many ways to navigate the site This is one simple way Go to wwwlibpurdueedu Click Megasearch Pick a topic A new one or the same one as before You will get a long list of results Ones with FT to the side have links to fulltext access This means you can get the article online without having to go to the library Click the FT then click the black circle to the right of one of the databases This will get you to the article Journals can often be identi ed by name Journal of is a good indicator Some exceptions exist ex Communication Monographs 1 Type your topic Example College Success Tips 2 Create a sentence that references the journal article you find on the subject with a proper internal citation I Example Dopp and Parish 2007 emphasize the importance of going to class They state Don t miss class showing up will help you pass p Notice that The citation can be two sentences This format sentence 1 idea of authors sentence 2 direct quote is common 4 Create a citation for the reference list Example Dopp A amp Parish T 2007 December The ABCs ofhow to succeed in college College Student Journal 41 4 930 931 TASK 3 While the web is easy to use for sources it is often provides the weakest sources Use it with caution and sparingly 1 Type your topic 0 Example Public Relations 2 Create a sentence that references the website or web article you nd on the subject with a proper internal citation I Example According to the Princeton Review A public relations specialist is an image shaper Their job is to generate positive publicity for their client and enhance their reputation Princeton Review nd 4 Create a citation for the reference list 0 Example Princeton Review nd Public relations Retrieved May 5 2009 from httpwwwprincetonreviewcomCareersaspxcid l7lamppagel 0 Notice that o n d is used to indicate that there is no publication date 0 The organization is used since no author is stated Assignment Example Task 1 Topic Winking Guerrero and Floyd 2006 state that while nonverbal communication such as winking often has ambiguous meaning it still have strong direct social meaning related to affection and intimacy p 105 Guerrero L K amp Floyd K 2006 Nonverbal communication in close relationships Mawhah NJ Routledge Task 2 Topic College Success Tips Dopp and Parish 2007 emphasize the importance of going to class They state Don t miss class showing up will help you pass p 930 Dopp A amp Parish T 2007 December The ABCs ofhow to succeed in college College Student Journal 41 4 930931 TASK 3 Topic Public Relations According to the Princeton Review A public relations specialist is an image shaper Their job is to generate positive publicity for their client and enhance their reputation Princeton Review nd Princeton Review nd Public relations Retrieved May 5 2009 from httpwwwprincetonreviewcomCareersastcid17lamppagel Assignment Notes Refer to the Purdue OWL APA website often 0 Assignment must be typed o Realize that what you are doing is representing both a sentence that would appear within the body of your paper and the inteXt citation that would appear on your references list 0 If you have difficulty with a topic just pick a different one
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