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Human Factors In Engineering

by: Dr. Cristian Lueilwitz

Human Factors In Engineering IE 57700

Marketplace > Purdue University > Industrial Engineering > IE 57700 > Human Factors In Engineering
Dr. Cristian Lueilwitz
GPA 3.98

Robert Proctor

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Robert Proctor
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dr. Cristian Lueilwitz on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to IE 57700 at Purdue University taught by Robert Proctor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 74 views. For similar materials see /class/208013/ie-57700-purdue-university in Industrial Engineering at Purdue University.

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Date Created: 09/19/15
Our interest in the design of machines for human use runs the full gamut of machine complexity from the design of single instruments to the design of complete systems of machines which must be operated with some degree of coordination quot A Chapanis W Garner amp C Morgan 1949 Applied Experimental Psychology Human Factors in Engineering Design Alphonse Chapanis 19172002 Chapanis39 contributions during his 50year career in the field of ergonomics include Improving the safety of aircraft cockpits Design of the standard telephone touchpad Teleconferencing Safety labels Colorblindness Night vision Digitized speech IEA and HFES Defin39 39on Ergonomics or human factors is the scientific discipline concerned with the understanding of interactions among humans and other elements of a system and the profession that applies theory principles data and other methods to design in order to optimize human wellbeing and overall system performance The Basics Beith 2006 HFE is a field with very broad application Essentially any situation in which humans and technology interact is a focus for our fiel Because of this breadth and diversity the Basics are critical to success By Basics am referringto the fundamentaltccls techniques skills and knowledge that are the underpinnings of our discipline Knowledge of uman bein s incudes capa ili ies and limitations behavioral and cultural stereotypes anthropometric and biomechanical attributes motor control perception and sensation cognitive abilities and most recently emotional atlribu es addressed by affective human fac or Basic Doctrines in Human Factors Commitment to the idea that machines Appreciation of in human capabilities and their design implications Emphasis on empirical data and evaluation in the design process Reliance on Commitment to HumanMachine System Representation of the HumanMachine System ENVIRONMENT Human Machine Perceptio 1 Displays Machine Operation Information Processing in Humans and Machines Information Storage nformation Production nformation Manipulation nformation Reception Human Components in Various System Contexts Contextual Environment of System Nature of Individual Gm Human Process Computer quot 2 Components Manufacturing Control information Consumer Vehicle Team Organization isibmty 2 Sensation o S a gt Perception 8 Communications 5 Cognition E 1 Motor Control Muscular Strength Stress Training Individual Differences Task Analysis 10 Historical Antecedents The Psychology of Human Performance Sensory Psychophysics Speed 0 Mental Processing Ernst Weber Gustav Fechner F C Donders 1 795391 878 18011887 18181901 11 Historical Antecedents The Psychology of Human Performance Attention Memory and Skill Acquisition r 7 gt4 r ght 1 Herman Ebbinghaus William James William Lowe Bryan 18501909 18421920 18601955 12 Historical Antecedents Human Per orrnance In Applied Settings Historical Antecedents Biomemam and PhySIdogy 01 Human Pertwmance 1r llil llll ll lll lll Charles w Babbage Frederick w Taylor Fri Gi39bquot 1555quot 92 17921571 6191 L39quot39quot Gl39brelh 15731972 JulesAm r EtienneJulesMarey 15791935 01904 13 14 Historical Antecedents Ergonomics EtienneJules Marey 15301904 15 B W Jastrzebowski given credit for being the first person to use the term ergonomics 1857 article An Outline of Ergonomics or the Science of Work Based Upon the Truths Drawn from the Science of Nature The Emergency Committee in Psychology 19401945 as u 1 7 m Exvlnnrv mumnit a hvulnmn 511 1quot 019 yam w w LillhcnnNJ 1 Wm11m a 01 Ana nm mum 10m rmnumtm u 1 wen u m u 9 erv 17 Subcommittee on a Textbook in Military Psychology Psychology for the Fighting Man published PSYCMH gym InJuly1943 FlGllTlNG MAN Psychology for the 3311 Armed Services published inJuly1945 041 mm mm mm Malor Historical EVen ts 1945 Founding o the Psychology Branch 0 the Aero Medrcai Laboratory at Wright Fieidr Dayton OH 19 Malor Historical EVents 1946 Publication of Human Factors in Air Transport Design by Ross McFarland 1947 Publication of Psychological Ftesearch on EquipmentDesign by Paul M Fitts 1949 Founding of the Ergonomics Society 1949 First text Applied Experimental Psychology Human Factors in Engineering Design Malor Historical EVen ts lt 1957 Publication of thejournal Ergonomics Er mi hit 1957 Founding of the Human Factors Society 7 sL JLv 39 1958 Publication of the Journal Human Factors Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Human Fitters and Ergnmmlcssoclny Pr mary organ zat on for Human Factors and Ergonom cs n the M ss on s to promote the d scovery and exchange of know edge concern ng the at are app cab e to the des gn of systems and dev ces of a k nds 23 Techn ca Interest Groups 70 act ve chapters throughout the Un ted States Canada and Europe 22 lnternation al Ergonomics Assoc39 mumwarm warm uncultur Ergonomic Societies Founded in 1959 47 federated societies and 2 affiliated societies Development of Human Factors and Ergonomics 1950s M tary ergonom cs 1960s Industr a ergonom c 1970s Consumer product ergonom cs 1980s HCI and software ergonom cs 1990s Cogn tve ergonom cs and organ zat on ergonom cs 2000s D str buted and team cognton Internet and Web des gn neuroergonom cs augmented cognton vrtua rea ty 2010s Advanced networked systems soc a network ng nformat cs mob e computng heath care NextGen a r traffc contro system nterfaces for me gent dev ces unmanned aer a veh c es 221 Technical groups of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 1 Aerospace Systems Aging Augmented Cognition Cognitive Engineering and Decision k Ma Ing Communications Computer Systems Education Environmental Design 25 Technical groups of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 2 Forensics Health Care Human Performance Modeling Individual Differences in Performance Industrial Ergonomics Internet Macroergonomics o Perception and Performance 26 Technical groups of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 3 Product Design Safety Surface Transportation System Development Test and Evaluation Training Virtual Environments M l MAN PRINT The Manpowerand Personnel nte ration MANPR NT program is a compre ensive management and technical initiative to enhance human performance and reliability during weapons system and equipmentdesign development and production MANPR NT encompasses seven key domains manpower personnel training human factors engineering system safety health hazards and soldier survivability Thefocus of MANPR NT isto integrate technology people and force structure to meet mission objectives nder all environmental conditions at the lowest possible life cycle cost


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