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Juvenile Delinquency

by: Miss Betsy Jerde

Juvenile Delinquency SOC 42100

Marketplace > Purdue University > Sociology > SOC 42100 > Juvenile Delinquency
Miss Betsy Jerde
GPA 3.63

Scott Desmond

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Scott Desmond
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Miss Betsy Jerde on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 42100 at Purdue University taught by Scott Desmond in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 149 views. For similar materials see /class/208043/soc-42100-purdue-university in Sociology at Purdue University.


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Date Created: 09/19/15
FINAL EXAM DEC 14 from l3pm in SMITH 118 FINAL EXAM NOTES School Factors What Tvpes of School F neriences Contribute to Iquot quot Y Academic Performance School Involvement Attachment to School Relationships with Teachers EducationsOccupational Goals School Misbehavior 9959 Kids who are more involved in school and have high goals are less likely to be delinquent Do School F neriences Cause Iquot quot y 1 School experiences may have a DIRECT effect on delinquency X Y X is an independent variable causeSchool and Y is a dependent variable effectDelinquency School experience may have an INDIRECT effect on delinquency 3 School experiences and delinquency may be caused by a third variable Delinquency may cause school experiences Reciprocal effect N 4 TRACKING Why is it that kids who are placed in the lower tracks more likely to be delinquent than kids who are placed in the higher tracks Traking Placement of kids in classes smart medium slow 1 Selffulfilling prophecy 2 Stigma 3 Student subculture 4 No future 5 Bad Teachers Does dropping out of school lead to delinquency According to social bonding theory if you drop out of school you are more likely to become delinquent Why Attachment to kids and teachers in school Those things STOP kids from getting into delinquency According to Strain Theory Fail to finish school causes strain because of dropping out of school Failure to achieve goal of graduating or other school goals Dropping out of school leads to more strain because of unaccomplished goals which leads to delinquency Limitations of Previous Research 1 Short followup period Could be dropping out of school doesn t have an effect till much later 1 Has not controlled for age 2 Has not controlled for previous delinquency DELINQUENCY AND DROPOUT Dropouts have a higher rate of delinquency but the relationship may also depend on other factors 1 Age at dropout No real difference 2 Social Class Stronger effect on lower class 3 Race Stronger effect on African Americans 4 Reason for dropping outtype of offense DELINQUENT GROUPS Most Delinquent acts are committed in small groups Group violation rateproportionpercentage of offenses committed in groups Drug and Alcohol use Over 80 Theft 5080 Status Offenses Less than 50 Violence Less that 50 For the same type of delinquency group violation rate tend to be higher for females Although girls commit fewer delinquent acts they are more likely to commit delinquency in groups ORGANIZATION OF DELINQUENT GROUPS Accomplice network versus offending group Offending groupGroup that actually commits a delinquent act Accomplice networkpool of potential cooffenders available to an adolescent Group Size Offending groups 24 members Accomplice network twothree larger Delinquent groups tend to be same sex and age group size diminishes with age Delinquents tend to be either lone of group offenders Lone offenders tend to be older Offender changes less like to offend with others Lone offenders persist Although individuals do not specialize groups do tend to be somewhat specialized INSTIGATORS Delinquents acts are rarely collective decision Instigatorleader Joinerfollower Characteristics of instigators slightly older 6molyr more likely to be male females will join male instigators very rare for amale to follow a female instigator More delinquent experience Could be age Almost always close friends Adolescents who consistently play the role of instigator or joiner are rare Some role stability within groups variability between groups Group that determines role rather than individual Friendships of delinquents versus nondelinquents Similar caring trust Intimacy Openness Different Delinquents more con ict Delinquents more loyal when faced with trouble DELINQUENT PEERS ATTITUDES VERSUS BEHAVIOURS Delinquent peers have a strong affect on delinquency The Attitudes and behaviors of delinquent friends both have a significant effect on delinquency Congruence between the attitudes and behaviors of friends Delinquent attitudes have no effect when friends do not engage in delinquency Delinquent behavior does have an effect even when friends disapprove Strongest effect is when friends have delinquent attitudes AND engage in delinquent behaviors The effect of associating with delinquent peers tends to be behavior specific A noimino with T quot Friends Conditioned bV The in uence of delinquent peers may depend on be conditioned by Time spend with peers Attachment to peers Peer approval of delinquency how friends react Peer Pressure In uence of minor delinquency may not be conditional Parents versus Peers Parents can Limit exposure to delinquent peers If exposed to delinquent peers parents can minimize counteract their in uence Age Peers and Delinquency Peer in uences may account for the age distribution of crime Associating with delinquent peers EXposure to drug use peers increase from age 11 to age 21 EXposure to delinquent peers increases until about age 16 then it declines Peer in uence peaks in adolescence age 1618 Time spent with peers Importance of peer activities Loyalty to peers Delinquent friends are sticky friends not necessarily same people Duration cumulative number of years in which an adolescent has delinquent friends has significant effect on current behavior Priority recency rather than priority has stronger effect current friends rather than prior friends Methodological Problems Delinquency leads to associating with delinquent peers rather than vice versa Correlation between delinquent peers and delinquency could be the result of measurement error People project characteristics of themselves onto their friends Friend s behavior is just another measure of my own behavior Network Approach to Delinguent Peers Densityhow many member of the network know and interact with one another Higher levels of interaction and communication Isolated from outside in uences CentralityIndividual s location in the network central versus peripheral Higher levels of interaction and communication Popularitylots of people like you People who are popular experience more constraints Religion and Delinguency Indirect Relationship AReligion gt something that happens gt Delinquency Direct Control Intemal control Delinquent peers Conditional Religiosity reduces the impact of other factors Spurious Impulsivity sensation seeking Parental attachmentsupervision Reciprocal Delinquency also reduces religiosity Religiosity has a stronger effect on victimless crimes drugs alcohol gambling With regard to theft and violence religion and secular controls are redundant Moral Communities Hypothesis Personal religiosity only has an effect when youth is embedded in a religious community


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