Week 3 Notes
Week 3 Notes HIST 3640- 10
Popular in History of Southeast Asia
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by email@example.com Notetaker on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 3640- 10 at George Washington University taught by Shawn F. McHale in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see History of Southeast Asia in History at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 09/19/15
Week 3 Kartanagara aka Karta person 0 Was the ruler of Priangan island of lava His family was ruling in the area for priangan was a member of the old aristocracy Kept things under control Deker comes and finds this state of affairs to be appalling Corruption was intolerable for the way Karta was ruling Process of bringing gifts to Karta should be abolished The Dutch loses in the confrontation The collaboration of a essential of a member of the ruler from old aristocracy Collaboration of the aristocracy is essential for further rule Purposes of indirect rule and its logics Priangan Lebak Banten Douwes Dekker Madiun Brotodinigrat High Imperialism in SEA Introduction 0 O Colonists tended to see European as a new arrival but not a threat England still remained number one colonizers There is a moral justification take on the white men s burden but most people believe that these colonizers expansions were economic What did Lenon say about imperialism I The capitalist powers have a problem and the problem is that at its highest stage in which monopolists cartels and such are increasing and they turn outwards towards the rest of the world In Lennin s view imperialism was acting as an agent of the power of the bourgeoisie His argument is too schematic in many ways 19th C Imperialism 0 four major colonizers I Britain had Burma and Java France Netherlands and the USA Direct amp Indirect Rule 0 If you have the rulers by your side you can keep control for yourself Britain put the salaries of the aristocracies to the government Overtime they accepted because they knew who was funding Under direct rule Colonial power will impose their own system of ruling in the local level down to subprovintial level Get rid of the case of ruling institution of government You have to replace them with something Train Europeans in a colonial school in transferring them learn the language then they ll have to rule over the controlled area Because direct rule includes Europeans they are expected to have a higher salary more costly Colonial power ruler will have a paramount power You rule through the existing government get them increasingly over what European power wants to do Be smart and be sure that certain areas are offboundaries ei religion Try to find minorities who may want to collaborate with the colonial power In the case of Burma the colonial state tried to get the collaboration to the ethnical Karen Highlanders welcome imperial overtime they develop as protecting highlanders from low landers incursions 0 Promotion of Opium good for the economics of the states taxes on salt prostitution corporation taxes incomes taxes land taxes and initially they don t know the country well enough so they take the tax collection function and give it to the natives 1965 there were only 150 European officials for all of lava Overwhelmingly the state requires King or the ruling house of Indonesia keep it from ruling they lose increasingly by substance power this realm of symbolic power are very happy to have rulers keep on doing this sort of thing From the process the aristocrats they get better off than before but lose political power and prestige 0 Three Cases 0 France acquires southern Vietnam initially under French naval room Vietnamese recruit people to serve under administration ethnic command and essentially slot them into this new political system Add not just catholic serve economic but many more as well Americans and the Philippines are very odd acquisition of power It happened in the AmericanSpanish War captivated Cuba Puerto Rico and Philippines Admiral Deuey engages in the battle seizes Manila and fight a war where 20000 Philippines died USA gets a new colony immediately put under bureau of the interior Great deals of ambiance it becomes a competition for sugar Minimal kind of bureaucracy by 1935 Philippines agree the previewed independence 19021945 to American European rule USA actually sent teachers and educational system Much higher illiteracy rate SE Asia is the region where the USA maintains a healthy relationship Conclusion 0 European powers in Asia were Machiaveli but practical They decided that indirect rule was the best way to rule and they increased it to take to the next level It worked because this is the age before nationalism They did not have sense of national population would not come together in terms of nationalist composition as we move to the 20th century and there is nationalism this method of rule is not effective as before Discussion Economic development of southeast Asia and the role of minorities In economic terms is colonialism 0 Increased economic activity because they increased in rubber tin and rice industrialize these materials For the direct rule areas they had more to invest the colony received more money from the colonizerthey might have built more roads more investments to build better technology Industrialization Linked to ethnic minorities chinese indonesias who often play an important role in Southeast Asia 0 It is cheaper labor they are more beholding to their masters They are not likely to rebel You want to take away power of the existing ruling class you recruit minority Why Koreans doing to the job of dry cleaning nail salons motels o Tradition o Are there any cultural reasons Why did the British bring in Indians to Malea o It was cheaper they had a trust in them They already had the skills required 9 they had techniques for your average Malea peasant they were pretty well off they did not want to do degrading jobs In contrast you look what is happening in south China overcrowded the people who lived in the area those provinces were willing to work on the tin mine The pay would go to the person who recruited the Chineselabor on plantations when you think about it it is not the relationship between the European owner it is mediated in the work mine These workers who were brought in from the outside were brought to work on the tin mines Why is it that Europeans initially develop these industries 0 Because the Europeans were the ones interested in globalization they created the market for it They were the ones that needed these products for finished projects Textiles southeast Asia textile the industry was often destroyed and replaced by industrial ones much cheaper cloth made of cotton 3rd world would sell primary products it was harder to have local industries 0 South East Asia did not have the capital to invest Minning can be very expensive Rubber trees are imported from Brazil and plant them and wait seven years in order to continue the process Colonialism changed the culture of southeast Asia forever Was it necessary to have colonilzation Adam Smith had a 1776 chapter about colonialism he argued that for the British political control over their colonies was unnecessary you could have economic control without having politics Osbord talks about the development of rice fields in Burma Vietnam a lot of Indians minority took part of the rice frontier in Burma They were expelled during WWII and after WWII Why was it that your average farmer in Southeast Asia who owned his own land 0 Because the price of rice fell global market leads to competition and a fall in price Role of money lenders in Southeast Asia even today You had very local credit markets with high interests and you have to pay them if not they default on their assets Malea case what do you think about the case in promoting the rights of the ethnic of the Chinese The ethnic Malasia is politically dominant but economically not as well off The Chinese have been economically successful How do you deal with the For political reason you have to discriminate against successful minorities You need to assert the political power in the interest of social peace very often it revolves into something else discrimination Minorities did not remain distinct Why 0 The assimilation became easy many different ethnic distinctive groups but everybody gets along Burma has the issue with Muslim minority in the case of Vietnam in the case of other issues What if you are a minority coming from the outside Why are people thrown in together 0 Some cultures wanted to keep very quotstraightforwardquot 0 Some people thought about it as a temporary job some cultures were more open to westernization Conclusion Colonization was very bumpy difficult in certain ways it led the way to economic prosperity minorities did play an important role