First week of Notes- PSYCH 111
First week of Notes- PSYCH 111 Psych 111
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alisha Ellis on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 111 at Brigham Young University - Idaho taught by Brother Marrot in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology in Psychlogy at Brigham Young University - Idaho.
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Date Created: 09/19/15
PSYCH 111 Notes Bro Devon Marrott Chapter 1 Class 91615 Psychology is the scientific study of the mind and behavior Theories about human beings are supported by scientific evidence What is the mind How do we study it o Trainings studying brain damage interventions case studies Behavior Almost every field of study has some type of psychology in it It can be used anywhere Jobs in psychology are limitless Make sure you can apply theories Studding simpler systems helps us learn the more complex ones Evolution came from Charles Darwin and his theory of natural selection The way species survive in Evolution is the ability to reproduce If they can reproduce they will survive William James AKA The Father of Modern Psychology FunctionalismAdaptive value of human behavior The study is Normal vs Abnormal is the behavior to survival Producing survival Physiology made by medical doctors History of the study of the mind Reaction time is studied to show the difference between Normal and Abnormal very important to remember reaction time Phrenology Judging by shaping of head Epistemology The theory of knowing something is true 0 We can know things are true through senses Dualism There is different types of matter Questions to think about 0 Do you believe in free will or determinism o Are you more liberal or more conservative o Are you more religious or nonreligious Mainstream Psychology are 0 Empiricism Materialists Determinists Liberal Nonreligious Psychology vs Psychiatry Psychologists 0 Graduate school 0 Don t prescribe medications New Mexico amp Louisiana 0 GRE Graduate Record Examination 0 Researchers science of Psych 0 73000 average more like 100000 Psychiatrists 0 Medical school Prescribe Medications MCAT Medical college Admissions Test Medical Doctors 180000 average more like 200000 Career Specializations in Psychology 0 Clinicalcounseling Therapy amp research Industrialorganizational human behavior in the work place Behavioral Neuroscience Neuropsychologist Cognitive Neuroscience Cultural psychology Social psychology School psychologist OOOOOOO PSYCH 111 Notes Bro Devon Marriott Chapter 2 Class 91815 Empiricism accurate knowledge acquired through observation Empirical Evidence the foundation of scientific Observation amp inquiry 0 They is clam without Empirical Evidence The Scientific Method 1 It starts with an idea ex I wonder if workers will be less effective in a loud environment 2 Form a hypothesis ex 1 bet louder something is the less productive they will be a Falsifiability Significate 3 Test your hypothesis 4 Results test again and again 5 Theory viable explanation of Phenomenon backed up my research Scientific Method is based off of Empiricism Naturally psychological philosophy is based off of empiricism Beautiful way to ask and find answers to questions Operation Think about Does the same man step in the same river twice 3 things that make humans extremely difficult to study 0 Complexity 0 Variability 0 Reactivity Remember Mental health certain experiments general human behavior etc It depends not everyone is the same We study generally but can t treat everyone generally Complexity 0 What is the most complicated structure in the universe Variability 0 Who has the exact same finger prints experiences perceptions or feelings o studding to understand general of ideas of people Reactivity 0 Does every single person exact to the same circumstances the same way with their same state of mind 0 People change all of the time Psychology still likes to understand how people differ How we learn about people 0 Observation 0 Casual observation is very unstable 0 Measure something you need a operational definition 0 How do you measure love 0 Concrete measurable evidence a way to measure a valuable Reliability vs Validity Reliability when an instrument gives the same results Validity when you get the correct answer Something can be reliable and not valid it can t be valid and not reliable Demand Characteristics Knowing someone is watching you changes the way you act Naturalistic Observation observation in natural habitat o Cons people don t always so what you want People are more honest when they are anonymous To help with a study the researcher might tell them a different study then what they are really doing on them Observation bias when you are Passionate about something and get the results you want They get what they are looking for Variable it can be anything Happiness wealth intelligence sleep hours etc Things can vary across time Correlation relationship period 0 Can be positive amp Negative Smoking amp lung Cancer Positive Correlation They both go up or the both go down together Smoking amp life span Negative Correlation one goes up the other goes down one goes down the other goes up Correlational Research strong predictive value Not cause and effect Does Smoking cause lung cancer Third Variable Problems there could always be another variable causing the relationship 0 Ice Cream causing more drownings the 3nd variable is the hot summer