Psychoactive Plants Bio 309
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maddy Moldenhauer on Tuesday March 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Bio 309 at Grand Valley State University taught by Elise C Hollister in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Plants and Human Health in Biology at Grand Valley State University.
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Date Created: 03/15/16
B10 309 Plants amp Human Health Professor Hollister Lecture 14 Psychoactive Plants Part 1 Study Questions 1 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 What are the 3 classes of psychoactive compounds Stimulants Hallucinogen Depressants Psychoactive compounds are usually what type of secondary metabolite What are 2 exceptions Mostly Alkaloids with the exception of THC and Alcohol What are 3 descriptive terms of addiction Psychological dependence physiological dependence tolerance Where does use of the coca not cocoa plant originate Has it always been such a lethal drug Coca was used by the Incas it has not always been a lethal drug What is the major alkaloid extracted from the coca plant Cocaine Why did the Spanish unban the chewing of coca leaves by the mine workers They undid the ban for only certain classes of people mostly the workers in the fields because they were not being as productive with tending the fields What are some ways in which cocaine derivatives are used in modern medicine What is the primary property of these drugs that are used in medicine today What does your professor call these drugs Analgesic properties is used primarily as an anesthetic for surgerydentistry stimulant properties treatment of colds asthma hay fever These are numbing compounds referred to as caine anesthetics What is the world s most popular nonmedical drug Caffeine What hormone does caffeine mimic Adrenaline What are four plant sources of caffeine Coffee tea cocoa and cola From what continent does coffee originate Where is most grown today Ethiopia South America Which coffee species dominates world production After petroleum products where does coffee rank in trade Coffea Arabica 2 What country is the leading importer and consumer of coffee The US What is the number one source of antioxidants in the average American s diet Green Tea What is the world s most important caffeinated beverage Tea What happened to world coffee production and caused many European countries as well as others to shift to tea as the beverage of choice 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 There was a loss of Sri Lankan coffee due to disease in 1880 which led to English tea consumption What are the 4 different types of teas How do we rank them in content from least to most caffeine White least caffeine Green Oolong and Black Tea most caffeine What type of tea has tannins that may be linked with decreased chances of certain cancers as well as decreased risk of heart disease Green Tea Where is the region of origin of cocoa Where is most cocoa grown today South America but the most is grown in Africa What came first chocolate as a beverage or as a confection A beverage What is fair trade chocolate and why is it so important Chocolate that is not made by harsh child slave labor and ensures that the farmers were paid and treated fairly What are some potential health bene ts associated with consuming moderate amounts of dark chocolate Increases good cholesterol HDL and contains phenylethylamine that creates the feeling of Falling in love What plant is the source of cola What popular beverage contains real cola extract Cola nitida Coca Cola What is a metabolic process hint performed by microbes that occurs during the processing of coffee black tea cocoa and cola Fermentation
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