Psychoactive Fungi Bio 309
Popular in Plants and Human Health
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Biology
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maddy Moldenhauer on Tuesday March 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Bio 309 at Grand Valley State University taught by Elise C Hollister in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Plants and Human Health in Biology at Grand Valley State University.
Reviews for Psychoactive Fungi
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 03/15/16
BIO 309 Plants amp Human Health Professor Hollister Lecture 19 Psychoactive Fungi Study Questions 1 What are the 3 categories of mushroom toxins What does each do to the human body 1 Protoplasmic toxin destroys cells in the liver and kidneys lethal 2 CNS toxins affect the CNS or autonomic nervous system often lead to hallucinations ritualistic divination uses 3 Gastrointestinal toxins irritants that lead to nausea vomiting cramps and diarrhea least fatal 2 What are amatoxins The highly poisonoustoxic compounds found in mushrooms Genus Amanita 3 What of all mushroom poisonings are caused by the genus Amanita What of these are fatal They cause 50 of poisonings and 95 of fatalities 4 What speci c process do amatoxins stop in the human body They inhibit mRNA synthesis inhibits protein synthesis 5 What are 4 genera that are notably toxic What are 2 very deadly members of the genus Amanita Genera Amanita Conoybe Lepiota Galerina Destroying angel A virosa amp Death Cap A phalloides 6 What are at least 3 morphological features of a mushroom that signal a potential toxin warning 1 Never eat whitecapped mushrooms WITHOUT POSITIVE ID 2 Beware of mushrooms with an annulus 3 Beware of mushrooms with universal veil remnants such as a volva 4 Scales on top signify toxicity 7 Initial intoxication with the y agaric is similar to consuming what commonly used substance Mimics alcohol intoxication 8 Psilocybe mimics what neurotransmitter in the brain How successful was a pill containing the active ingredients of magic mushrooms in helping with smoking cessation in a recent study Seratonin The ingredients are quite affective 9 What causes ergot What are sclerotia Ergotism is caused by Fungusinfected grains Sclerotia is a hard mass of fungal mycelia full of toxic alkaloids that people would consume on grains Ergot on Rye 10 Can you name three hallucinogenic fungi Fly agaric Psilocybe and Ergot Sclerotia 11 What are the two types of ergotism and what are the symptoms associated with each Chronic poisoning leads to gangrenous dead tissue caused by lack of blood ow ergotism Acute poisoning resulted in convulsive hallucinationcausing ergotism 12 What are two relatively recent human outbreaks of ergotism 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 1951 Pont St Espirit France contaminated bread 1977 Ethiopia 136 cases reported with a number of deaths The Salem Witch Trials are often attributed to what condition poisoning What are two modern medicinal uses of ergot alkaloids What are each of the alkaloids specifically used for Ergometrine 1582 used to promote uterine contractions and hasten birth Today used to reduce postpartum postdelivery stop bleeding Ergotamine Today used to treat migraine headaches Ergotism fungal How do pharmaceutical companies make these two drugs Fields of rye are deliberately inoculated to produce the ergot used in the pharmaceutical industry What is said to be the most potent of all hallucinogenic compounds Lysergic acid Which classification of psychoactive drugs is alcohol Depressant What four centers in the brain are depressed during alcohol consumption Centers in the brain that deal with Speech Vision Balance and Judgement What are the potential health benefits associated with moderate alcohol consumption Moderate consumption Increases HDL good cholesterol supplies antioxidants Decreases risk of Heart disease 30 Atherosclerotic deposits Blood clot formations Risk of type II diabetes What is the definition of moderate alcohol consumption for a woman 1 drinkday For a man 2 Are these potential health negative effects realized if alcohol is consumed in excess of the defined moderate amounts Alcoholism Accidents amp Crime Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Increase Blood Pressure Damages to organssystems Liver Heart Brain and Immune System What is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Permanent mental and physical handicapped babies due to alcohol consumption during pregnancy Research shows that only 2 drinks during pregnancy kills fetal brain cells Speci cally what happens to the following organssystems of alcoholics heart brain liver and immune system Liver Damage Fatty deposits accumulate sclerosis abnormal hardening of the liver Heart Disease Heart enlargement cardiac arrhythmias heart has to work harder blood pressure increase increases stresses on the heart Brain Death of brain cells in alcoholics that control movement speech judgement and memory Immune System overall nutritional deficiency depriving the body of valuable immuneboosting nutrients and reduces the ability of white blood cells to kill germs
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'