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Week 4 Notes

by: Cassius Harris

Week 4 Notes AAS 0829 - 005

Cassius Harris
GPA 3.1
Christopher A. Johnson (P)

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About this Document

These are the week 4 notes, and are very detailed, and the best that you are going to get, with all of the very "important stuff"
Christopher A. Johnson (P)
Class Notes
25 ?





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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cassius Harris on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to AAS 0829 - 005 at Temple University taught by Christopher A. Johnson (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see THE HISTORY & SIGNIFICANCE OF RACE IN AMERICA in Accounting at Temple University.

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Date Created: 09/19/15
Week 4 Notes Black Americans Emancipation Proclamation all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States shall be then thenceforward and forever free Abraham Lincoln Sept 22 1862 The Great Emancipator If I could save the Union without freeing any slave I would do it and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves I would do itWhat I do about Slavery and the colored race I do because I believe it helps to save this Union An 1862 letter to Horace Greeley J uneteenth Enslaved Africans in Texas received word that slavery was over on June 19 1865 two and a half years after the Emancipation Proclamation took effect 43 out of 50 US States recognize J uneteenth as either a state or ceremonial holiday Sherman s Field Order no 15 January 1865 Commonly known as quot40 Acres and a Mule this order confiscated 400000 acres of land along the coasts of South Carolina Georgia and Florida to be settled by nearly 18000 Black families In May of that year the newly sworn in president Andrew Johnson rescinded the order and returned the land to its previous owners SharecroppingAn agricultural system whereby tenants rent plots of land from landowners in exchange for a portion of their crops The Great Migration a 6 million Black people moved out of the South between 1910 and 1970 b By 1900 about 90 of Black still lived in Southern states c An estimated 204000 left in the first decade alone Push Factors a Limited life options b Racism and discrimination c Increase in lynching d Boll Weevil destroyed crops Pull Factors a Job opportunities b The Black press c Believed relief from racial oppression A New Day Malcolm X s popularity amongst urban working class people grew rapidly As a leading minister of the Nation of Islam he established NOI temples all across the country in a few years Black Nationalism a Black people need to love themselves learn their true history and become independent from their oppressor b Black people should control the institutions that govern our lives schools housing policing economy etc c Black communities should form rifle clubs under their constitutional right to protect themselves since the government has proved quoteither unable or unwilling to do I SO Black Panther Party for Self Defense Bobby Seal and Huey P Newton in October of 1966 Their original purpose was to patrol the Black community protecting Oakland neighborhoods from police attacks BPP 10Point Program a We want freedom We want power to determine the destiny of our Black Community b We want full employment for our people We want an end to the robbery by the white men of our Black Community We want decent housing fit for shelter of human beings We want education for our people that exposes the true nature of this decadent American society We want education that teaches us our true history and our role in the present day society We want all Black men to be exempt from military service We want an immediate end to POLICE BRUTALITY and MURDER of Black people We want freedom for all Black men held in federal state county and city prisons and jails 39 We want all Black people when brought to trial to be tried in court by a jury of their peer group or people from their Black Communities as defined by the Constitution of the United States 39 We want land bread housing education clothing justice and peace Service Programs a Free breakfast programs Free pediatric clinic Free pestcontrol Sickle Cell testingResearch Center GED Classes Free ambulance service Free furniture program warmer COINTELPRPOFBl s CounterIntelligence Program led by J Edgar Hoover sought to expose neutralize or otherwise eliminate subversive individuals organizations and movements The BPP was named public enemy number 1 LatinoHispanic Americans What is LatinoHispanic Hispanic people of Spanish speaking origin Latino people of Latin American origin PanethnicityThe development of solidarity between ethnic subgroups as reflected in terms Hispanic or Asian American Schaefer p 285 New SpainIndigenous People a Aztecs b Mayans c Tainos d Caribs e Arawaks f Initially the conquered Aztecs and Mayans were used as laborers in Central America These populations were diminished however by war and the spread of smallpox typhoid fever and other diseases the Conquistadors brought with them g Enslaved Africans were then imported Ethnic Identity a Espa olesBlanco bIndios c Negros dMestizo European and Indigenous e Mulatto European and African f Zambo Indigenous and African Mestizaje A racial ideology founded on a belief of white superiority Mestizaje was a strategy of planned miscegenation that would improve the general population through progressive quotwhiteningquot Ultimately it sought to create a common national identity that privileged whiteness Color GradientThe placement of people on a continuum from light to dark skin color rather than distinct racial groupings by skin color Schaefer p 221


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