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US and Texas ConstPolitics

by: Kurt Becker I

US and Texas ConstPolitics POLS 1336

Marketplace > University of Houston > Political Science > POLS 1336 > US and Texas ConstPolitics
Kurt Becker I
GPA 4.0

Timothy Howard

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Timothy Howard
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kurt Becker I on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1336 at University of Houston taught by Timothy Howard in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see /class/208239/pols-1336-university-of-houston in Political Science at University of Houston.


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Date Created: 09/19/15
Written and Constructed by Yujie Wu all sources used are from the POLS 1336 Blackboard Lecture notes and POLS 1336 Textbook The People amp The American Government Cortina Disclaimer This is not a solution to not reading the textbooks guys this is for people who have already studied and wants a quick recap before the test From In Class Notes Covenant solemn promise to engage in or refrain from a specified action you agree on what you can and cannot do Charter concessions restrictions made by people to restrict an unwillingoppressive government Contract legal binding agreement between two or more parties individuals or groups of individuals Newburgh Conspiracy of 1783 caused congress to keep the army small but when Shay s Rebellion occurred the government barely mustered enough forces to strike it down eventually leading for a stronger federal institution The Virginia vs New Jersey Plan Representation in the Senate Virginia Plan being representation based on population New Jersey plan on equal representation this rivalry was crucial in balancing the powers of the government Connecticut Compromise solution ofthe Virginia vs New Jersey debate senate is 2 per state HOR is by pop Senator was elected by States not peeps before the 17th amendment in 1914 Import Tax Trade and Commerce congress decides on import tax depending on the financial condition Federalist Papers during the process of constitutional ratification the federalists wrote a newspapers supporting and explaining how the new system of government would work Madison Hamilton and Jay Anti Feds and Bill of Rights Bill of Rights was a condition set by anti federalists upon agreeing that the Constitution gets ratified a good thing Necessary and Proper Clause Elastic Clause any new law that congress makes to ensure the execution of the existing laws ofthe constitution is or should be legit 23 to 34 to Amend a Constitution exactly what it says two thirds of states in the congress required to calla convention for constitutional amendments three fourths to amend it Marbury vs Madison Supreme Court has the final say Implied Powers Clause39 McCulloch v Maryland Expands In 1819 lol implied powers of congress if the constitution didn t restrict something and if congress deems it necessary its fine Interstate Commerce gbbons v Ogden rivers and streams are federal property congress can regulate interstate commerce quot quot 39 of Contracts Dartmouth V Woodard states can t mess with non debt contracts led to the establishment offree reign corporations in the future Extradition Clause fugitives captured gets put back to where they came from unless the governor from where he was found objects Full Faith and Credit Clause quotcontracts are valid across state linesquot The Privileges and Immunities Clause Citizens should be treated the same across the nation 35ths Clause slave trade ends in 1808 return offugitive slaves representation and taxation of slaves Dual Federalism no sharing of powers states do their stuff feds do their stuff quotlayered cakequot NOT WHAT WE RE RUNNING Barron V Baltimore 1833 the wtf clause bill of rights restrict actions of the feds but states can do whatever sovereign citizen s rights varies from state to state Citizen in result have the US constitutional bill of rights and the States bill of rights Kansas Nebraska Act sought to expand the amount of both free and slave states the term popular sovereignty people in their state decide if they want to be free or slave btw it repealed the Missouri compromise saying that you can t have any slave states in Kansas or Nebraska Dred Scott Decision of 1857 1 Slavery is an institutionestablishment can t be reformed 2 Ruled the Missouri compromise as unconstitutional 3 Booya here comes civil war basically the supreme court said that you can t stop slavery Post War Federalism 14th 39 US constitution sovereignty is boss and the rights of people can t be denied by states everyone including non citizens cannot be deprived of life liberty and property without due process of law equal protection under the law Supreme Court had a hard time accepting this doctrine Lochner Era Gilded Age autonomy of industry and business government can t mess with stuff like working hour regulations and minimum wage The Era ended in West Coast Hotel Co V Parrish in 1937 where Supreme Court let government regulate economic activities 1937 1995 Nation Centered Federalism rights of individuals expanded states power contracted South Dakota V Dole 1988 drinking age to 21 South Dakota said that the new law violated the 21St amendment which just ended prohibition but puts states in regulating alcohol sales Court decided in the feds favor anyways Printz 1997 throws out part ofthe Brady bill just remember that it limited federal power and supported states rights From Textbook Only from Ch 1 14 19 Chi Democracy rule by the people Oligarchy rule by the few Monarchy rule by the quotonequot Direct Democracy stuff directly decided in assemblies Representative Democracy what we have today Popular Sovereignty people are ultimate source of govt authority Majority Rule what the majority want is what is decided Political equality everyone s idea weighs the same Civil Rights guarantees equal citizenship to everyone by the govt Majority Tyranny kinda like peer pressure idk not really where the majority s wants and demands intrude upon the rights of the individual offsets the the debate of balance between equality and liberty Ch14 Edmund J Davis guy that made the constitution of 1876 possible Radical Reconstructionists heavy northern influence and control over the reconstruction south my hand hurts Constitution objectives ofa society principles to be more precise Statutory law non implied laws Unicameral one house Unitary System 1 body of government unlike our 3 Federalism division of power between national and state government what we have Bicameral one house one house Grange organization help improve the situation of farmers Initiative force a public vote on a law or potential law Referendum vote ofthe entire electorate on accepting or denying a change in law there are a lot of things that aren t covered in the terms that you NEED to know by reading the textbook good luck on the exam


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