Japanese notes continued
Popular in Religion 1000
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Religion
verified elite notetaker
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brooke Kaufman on Tuesday March 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Rel 1000 at a university taught by Professor Riggs in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 186 views.
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Date Created: 03/15/16
Religion 1000 Tuesdays and Thursdays 23:40 Japanese Religions Continued Three fold pattern for festivals (matsuri) o Separation (from daily experience) o Liminal state (between two worlds) o Disassociation (leave the festival tradition to return to the real world) New Religions 2 main strands o Shinto o Buddhist based Characteristics o Ancestor veneration o Shamanism (spirit possessed) o Thisworldly beliefs o Layfocused Primacy of Action o Focus on practical solutions o Not studying or believing it Patterns of Action o Other people as mirrors (negativity from others reflect a problem within us) o Gratitude/repayment of favor (debt of gratitude, feelings of thankfulness (kasha), duty (grili)) o Striving for sincerity (implies honesty and commitment, result of purification through selfcultivation) o The Way(s) (mimicking, form, hardship and suffering) New New Religions Mid 1970s following oil shock General characteristics: o Youth membership o Urban o Teaching methods New Religion: small interpersonal groups New New Religion: individual practice, heavy reliance on media o Personal experience New Religion: personal troubles shared New New Religion: focus on private transformation o Pessimism o Power Violence AUM Shinrikyo Typically and yet… AUM o Founded 1987 o Began as yoga group o Leader published books o Membership: 15 to 10,000 o Charismatic leader Asahara Shoko Schools for blind Learned traditional massage and acupuncture Indian dress o Ideas taken from… Hinduism (yoga) Buddhism (liberation from suffering) Christianity (suffering, persecution, and sacrifice) o World Rejection Withdrawal, austerities Reject wealth and materialism o Practices (wide variety) Meditation, recite Asahara’s works and watch his videos Wear PSI hat Austeritiesburial, “Christ Initiation” o Goal: develop superhuman powers Powers “demonstrate” weakness of scientific realm Powers were “scientifically proven” 1995 attacked Tokyo subways with sarin gas 12 people dead, 1000s injured Teachings o Need for suffering (violence is a useful tool) o Negative view of karma o Poa (transference of merit) o Predictions Unless 30,000 convert as renunciates doomsday will occur Structural o Renunciation Leave family life to practice Friction with the outside world Withdraw from society into exclusive AUM world Outsiders=enemy Key members arrested Asahara sentenced death AUM members and past members ostracized Reformed as Alephleader was Joyu
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