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Psychology 100 Chapter 7 Memory

by: Stephanie Notetaker

Psychology 100 Chapter 7 Memory 100

Marketplace > California State University Long Beach > Psychlogy > 100 > Psychology 100 Chapter 7 Memory
Stephanie Notetaker
Long Beach State

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About this Document

These notes cover in detail Chapter 7 Memory
General Psychology
Dr. Angela deDios
Class Notes
psychology 100
25 ?




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Stephanie Notetaker on Tuesday March 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 100 at California State University Long Beach taught by Dr. Angela deDios in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at California State University Long Beach.


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Date Created: 03/15/16
Thursday, May 19, y Chapter 7 Memory Memory ­ Are our memories always accurate? No. ­ Memories are constructed Memory Models Encoding, Storage, and Retrieval (ESR) Model ­ ­ Three­Stage Memory Model ESR Model ­ 3 stages of memory  • Encoding • Storage • Retrieval 3-Stage Memory Model 3-Stage Memory Model ­ Sensory memory  1 Thursday, May 19, y • Fleeting ­ Iconic memory ­ Echoic memory (auditory information up to 4 seconds) ­ Short­term memory  • Temporary storage • AKA working memory  • 5 to 9 items ­ Chunking • 91114922016 • ~ 30 seconds ­ Maintenance rehearsal (repeat information over and over again) ­ Long­term memory • Unlimited capacity and duration  2 Thursday, May 19, y Types of Long-Term Memory Improving Long-Term Memory Organization ­ ­ Rehearsal • Maintenance vs. elaborative ­ Retrieval • Types of retrieval ­ Recognition (seen it before)  vs. recall (go back to long term memory) 3 Thursday, May 19, y • Use retrieval cues ­ Enc oding­specificity principle (when you take in the information you encode that  information but also what’s going on around the environment) ­ Mood congruence (when we are in a particular mood, it activates all those  memories with that mood) ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ ­ State­dependent memory Theories of Forgetting ­ Decay  • Use it or lose it ­ Interference  • Proactive (older memories make it difficult to make new memories) vs. retroactive  (new information makes it hard to remember old information) ­ Motivated forgetting (forget something because you don ’t want to remember it) 4 Thursday, May 19, y ­ Encoding failure (we see the information, goes to sensory memory and sometimes  short term memory, we didn't really take the information in) ­ Retrieval failure • Tip of the tongue phenomenon Factors of Forgetting ­ Misinformation effect (we create these false memories) ­ Serial­position effect ­ Source amnesia Sleeper effect ­ ­ Spacing of practice  5


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