Psychology 100 Chapter 7 Memory
Psychology 100 Chapter 7 Memory 100
Long Beach State
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Stephanie Notetaker on Tuesday March 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 100 at California State University Long Beach taught by Dr. Angela deDios in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at California State University Long Beach.
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Date Created: 03/15/16
Thursday, May 19, y Chapter 7 Memory Memory Are our memories always accurate? No. Memories are constructed Memory Models Encoding, Storage, and Retrieval (ESR) Model ThreeStage Memory Model ESR Model 3 stages of memory • Encoding • Storage • Retrieval 3-Stage Memory Model 3-Stage Memory Model Sensory memory 1 Thursday, May 19, y • Fleeting Iconic memory Echoic memory (auditory information up to 4 seconds) Shortterm memory • Temporary storage • AKA working memory • 5 to 9 items Chunking • 91114922016 • ~ 30 seconds Maintenance rehearsal (repeat information over and over again) Longterm memory • Unlimited capacity and duration 2 Thursday, May 19, y Types of Long-Term Memory Improving Long-Term Memory Organization Rehearsal • Maintenance vs. elaborative Retrieval • Types of retrieval Recognition (seen it before) vs. recall (go back to long term memory) 3 Thursday, May 19, y • Use retrieval cues Enc odingspecificity principle (when you take in the information you encode that information but also what’s going on around the environment) Mood congruence (when we are in a particular mood, it activates all those memories with that mood) Statedependent memory Theories of Forgetting Decay • Use it or lose it Interference • Proactive (older memories make it difficult to make new memories) vs. retroactive (new information makes it hard to remember old information) Motivated forgetting (forget something because you don ’t want to remember it) 4 Thursday, May 19, y Encoding failure (we see the information, goes to sensory memory and sometimes short term memory, we didn't really take the information in) Retrieval failure • Tip of the tongue phenomenon Factors of Forgetting Misinformation effect (we create these false memories) Serialposition effect Source amnesia Sleeper effect Spacing of practice 5