Psychology 100 Chapter 8 Intelligence
Psychology 100 Chapter 8 Intelligence 100
Long Beach State
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Stephanie Notetaker on Tuesday March 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 100 at California State University Long Beach taught by Dr. Angela deDios in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at California State University Long Beach.
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Date Created: 03/15/16
Thursday, May 19, y Chapter 8 Intelligence What is Intelligence? Ability to think rationally Take our experiences and be able to make use of them Who is Intelligent? Albert Einstein: good in math, came up with equations Isaac Newton: Mozart: good memory Michael Jordan: Theories of Intelligence Spearman ’s general intelligence (g) • Intelligence and athleticism Types of g Fluid(decreases across lifespan): idea that one can think things quickly (speed), think abstractly and one can solve unfamiliar problems quickly Crystallized(increases across lifespan/experience): amount of knowledge that one accumulates over the years 1 Thursday, May 19, y What Else Counts as Intelligence? Gardner: believes there ’s 9 intelligences • Linguistic: speak, write, read well. Good on reading comprehension. (Public Speaker, Professor, Politician, Translator, Writers) • Spatial: imagine things in space and manipulate in your head (architects, engineers) • Bodily Kinesthetic: being able to control your body in ways (Michael Jordan) • Intra(within)personal: good at recognizing their motions, be able to pinpoint their strengths and weaknesses, knowledge of yourself and being able to use that in a positive way • Logicalmathematical: be able to think logically in a math method what (Scientists) • Musical: musical ability, compose, produce, etc (Mozart) • Inter(between)personal: knowledge of other people, understand and interact with other people (Psychologists, Therapists, Social Workers, Sales) • Naturalistic: understand patterns in nature (Biologists, Meterologists, Park Rangers) • SpiritualExistential: looking beyond life (Philosophers, Clergy members) Sternberg: 3 intelligences • Analytical: book smart, academic • Creative: creative intelligence • Practical: street smart What Else? 2 Thursday, May 19, y Emotional Intelligence: ability to perceive, understand and use emotions in a productive way. Measuring Intelligence Binet 1904 • Several tasks • Mental age Terman • StanfordBinet • Intelligence Quotient (IQ)=? No longer used today Wechsler • WAIS and WISC What Makes This A Good Test? 3 Thursday, May 19, y Stan dardization: majority of people score on average (the normal curve/distribution) Reliability Validity Criterion related validity Intelligence: Nature or Nurture? Nature vs. Nurture Environmental influences • Bad environment can hinder brain development 4 Thursday, May 19, y • Can a good environment enrich brain development? Remember: genes and environment go hand in hand Group Differences in IQ Due to nature? Or something else? Group Differences 5 Thursday, May 19, y Stereotype Threat 6