Ed psyc Chapter 5 and hechinger report
Ed psyc Chapter 5 and hechinger report Psyc3200
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caoimhe Notetaker on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc3200 at Tulane University taught by Sarah Grey in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 85 views. For similar materials see Educational psychology in Psychlogy at Tulane University.
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Date Created: 09/19/15
Chapter 5 Individual differences and special Ed needs Vocab Individual difference diversity in abilities and characteristic among students at a particular age and within a particular gender or cultural group Differentiated instruction practice of individualizing instructional methods to align with each student existing knowledge skills and needs Intelligence ability to apply prior knowledge and experiences exibly to accomplish challenging new tasks g theoretical general factor in intelligence that in uences one s ability to learn and perform in a wide variety off contexts Fluid intelligence ability to acquire knowledge quickly and adapt effectively to new situations Crystallized intelligence knowledge and skills accumulated from prior experiences schooling or culture Distributed intelligence enhancing thinking through the use of physical objects technology or concepts symbols from ones culture Intelligence test general measure of current level of cognitive functioning IQ score score on an intelligence test comparative to the mean score for your age Cognitive style way in which someone tends to think and process information Typically not by choice Disposition general inclination and desire to approach and think in a particular way Within a group students show individual difference in cognitive ability personality physical skills etc Intelligence Adaptive can be used exibly Related to learning ability Involves use of prior knowledge Interactions coordination of many different mental processes Culturally speci c Theorists Spearman g 0 Intelligence comprises 1 pervasive reasoning ability A number of more narrow abilities problem solving 0 General ability to process info quickly efficiently 0 General ability to control direct thinking Cattell o Fluid intelligence Ability to quickly acquire knowledge and adapt o Crystallized Accumulated knowledge Depends on uid intelligence and experiences CattellHornCaroll 0 Top strata general intelligence 0 Then 910 speci c abilities Processing speed reasoning l uid crystallized intelligence 0 Then 70 very speci c intelligences Gardner 0 Multiple intelligence At least 8 independent abilities Linguistic logic spatial musical bodily interpersonal intrapersonal naturalist Sternberg Triarchic theory 0 Analytic analyzing comparing evaluating 0 Creative imagining inventing 0 Practical applying knowledge 0 Intelligence interplay of Environmental context Prior experiences Cognitive processes required Developmentalist view of exceptionality 0 First you have exceptional potential 0 Then with proper guidance exceptional achievement 0 Then expertise IQ test Performance on IQ test is related to school achievement 0 Increased IQ score increased grades Many exceptions to this rule IQ score varies on place and time Heredity plays a role in IQ SO DOES ENVRIONMENT 0 Poor nutrition in early live leads to lower IQ 0 Mother alcohol usage while pregnant effect IQ o Nurturing environment at any age will increase IQ Group Differences 0 Difference are due to ENVIRONMENT 0 Cultural beliefs on what intelligence is and the value a culture put on intelligence Ways of thinking Analytical thinking break new stimuli task into parts 0 Typical in mainstream western cultures Holistic thinking perceive situations as integrated indivisibly wholes 0 Typical in East Asian Cultures Disposition examples that are positively CORRELATED With learningachievement 0 OOO Stimulation seeking Need for cognition Critical thinking Open mindedness For Teachers 0 O 0 Place priority of developing rather than determining intelligence Think of IQ tests as useful but imperfect Use result of more focused measures when you want to asses speci c abilities Look for behaviors that reveal exceptional talent within context of student culture Remember IQ isn t only factor that affects students classroom achievements The Hechinger Report New Orleans charter schools 0 O O Outsourcing teachers ls lling classrooms with white teachers really diversifying educann On the other hand should black children only be taught by black teachers Segregated schools Having teachers from the community regardless of race that have shared life experiences with kids is helpful Allows kids to connect and more easily trust teacher Gives kids a role model shows what is possible for them Means kids aren t likely to be seen as simply statistics
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