Popular in Course
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Department
This 5 page One Day of Notes was uploaded by Nicole Oldfield on Tuesday September 9, 2014. The One Day of Notes belongs to a course at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 103 views.
Reviews for BiologyLectureNotes.pdf
I was sick all last week and these notes were exactly what I needed to get caught up. Cheers!
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/09/14
Biology Lecture Notes 9914 1222 PM Lecture Thursday 090414 Uses For Biology Biomimetics applying designs from nature to solve problems in engineering materials science medicine etc 0 Ex robotic lobster Nanotechnology early cancer detection therapeutic drug delivery nanorobotics Biopharmaceuticalsbiologics utilizes biotech drug development dependent upon proteins and cell membrane proteins Evolutionary theory is the cornerstone of biology that explains diversity across organisms descent with modification Unity ooking at features shared by all living organisms Characteristics that indicate that something is a living thing Since all things are comprised of protons neutrons electrons and the chemical elements C H O N P S we cannot use these as indicators of life 1 Heredity material DNA RNA nuceotides directions All organisms use the same DNA on a basic level 2 raw materials building blocks proteins nucleic acids lipids carbs biomolecules 3 energy inputs hold maintain maintain living things separate and distint fom the rest of the world o without energy homeostasis cannot be maintained Scala Naturae scale of life Aristotle Chain of being establishes man as the dominant and perfect form of life 0 This was the first attempt at taxonomy Systema Naturae carolus Linnaeus Classified organisms based on shared characteristics Cornered binomial nomenclature o Genus may occur alone but a speciesspecific epithet cannot o Always written Genus species Domain Eukarya Kingdom Animalia Phylum Chordata Class Mammalia Order Primates Family Hominidae Genus Homo Species Homo sapiens This is a system of nested hierarchy in which each level includes the level below it Also known as phylogenysystematics Adaptations are positive mutations that occur randomly Any modification that makes an organism better suited to its way of life Organisms are very similar ata basic level due to a common ancestor Organisms become modified over time Descent with modificationbioogica evolution Populations of organisms change over generations Evolution results in heritable traits that promote survival and reproductive success Evolution is about gene sequences 0 Can be seen in populations not individuals Process of evolution 1 Squot3939gtSquot variations produced by chance mutations organisms are adapted to a specific environment may lead to extinction competition exists between and within species natural selection chooses fittest organisms process occurs constantly over all species natural selection acts on individuals evolution is a property of populations occurs generation to generation descendents are different from ancestors change in the allele gene frequencies change in genetic makeup of a population over time generations hierarchy of biological organization maintain internal order each level up is more complex emergent properties result from complex interractions 22 does not 4 atomsmolecules cell tissue organ organ system organism population community ecosystem biosphere 9914 1222 PM 9914 1222 PM
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'