Introduction To Sociology
Introduction To Sociology SOC 1300
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marco Ferry on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1300 at University of Houston taught by Russell Curtis in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see /class/208361/soc-1300-university-of-houston in Sociology at University of Houston.
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Date Created: 09/19/15
COMPARISONS OF TWO IDEAL TYPES OF ORGANIZATIONS Dimensions Bureaucratic Organization CollectivistDemocratic Organization 1 Authority Authority resides in office Authority resides in collectivity as a positions Hierarchy of offices whole Authority is only delegated Compliance is to universal fixed temporarily and subject to recall rules implemented by incumbents Compliance to collective as whole 2 Rules Formalization of fixed and Minimal stipulated rules Primacy of universalistic rules No formal ad hoc individual decisions Some written law eg quot Handbookquot calculability based on ethics 3 Social Organizational behavior is subject Social controls primarily based on Controls to social control primarily through personalisticmoralistic appeals and supervision or standardized rules selecting homogeneous members 4 Social ldeal of quotlmpersonalityquot Relations ldeal of community Relations are Relations are to be rolebased specialized to be holistic quotpersonalquot intrinsic situational and instrumental and of value in and of themselves 5 Recruitment A Employment based on A Employment based on friends specialized training and sociopolitical values personal Advancement formal certification attributes amp informal skills Employment constitutes B Concept of career advancement a career advancement not meaningful no hierarchy of based on seniority of positions 6 lncentive Remunerative incentives Normative amp Solidary lncentives are Structure are primary primary material incentives are secondary 7 Social lsomorphic distribution of Egalitarian amp Peer Centered Stratification Differen tiation prestige privilege and power Differentiated rewards by hierarchy of offices Reward differences if existing are strictly limited by the collectivity A Maximal division of labor dichotomy between intellectual amp manual work amp between administrative tasks and performance tasks B Maximal specialization of jobs ideal of specialization A Minimal division of labor administration is combined with performance tasks division intellectual and manual work is reduced Generalization ofjobs functions Holistic roles Demystification of expertise ideal of amateur w Paraphrased from Joyce RothschildWhitt quotThe Collectivist Organizationquot ASR Aug 1979 Distributed by Dr Russell L Curtis JrI Sociology For teaching and study purposes