week 4 chapter 3 notes
week 4 chapter 3 notes PHIL 194
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Trevor Meed on Saturday September 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 194 at St. Cloud State University taught by Swank, Casey in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see Critical Reasoning in PHIL-Philosophy at St. Cloud State University.
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Date Created: 09/19/15
Week4 study group notes Chapter3 The virtues of Belief Belief acceptP Elf H Consider quotPquot is an idea or concept 1 Here are optionsforP D39Sbel39efzrejetp J If h J f Nonbeliefzsuspend judgementon P neither beliefora disbelief o BeliefacceptthatPistrue o Thisiscalledtoassert o DisbeliefnotacceptthatPistrue o Thisiscalledtodissent o NonbeliefzthisistobenotfororagainstP o Thisisto neitherassertnordeny Beliefs Virtues and Vices 0 Traits of beliefcan be good or bad good virtues or bad vices o Virtue accuracy truth reasonable consistent conservatism and revisable are all things that are virtues ofa belief o Vices inaccuracy falsity unreasonable inconsistent relativism dogmatism are all things that are vices ofa belief o Beliefs are accurate 0 This means that the beliefis eithertrue orfalse no inbetween 0 Accurate belief represents facts 0 Facts are perceived by our5 senses Truth and falsity 0 Truth virtue of beliefs that represent facts 0 Falsity vice of beliefs that misrepresent the facts 0 Has no truth value is ethertrueorfase 0 Accuracy is a matterof degree it can be more or less accurate Reasonableness 0 Reason belief beliefthatis well supported 0 Empirical evidence has to be supported by evidence or inference to evidence Again this is from our5 senses 0 Conceptual belief has to be supported by good reasons can be thoughtthrough logically 0 Reasonableness is a matterofdegree it can be more or less reasonable Em piricalObservational belief 0 Based on information that can be gained through the 5 senses orwith instruments like a microscope Conceptual beliefs 0 Based on reason and knowing Like the meaning ofwords or concepts like math 0 When a conceptual beliefis reasonable to understand it is to accept that it is true supported by i evidence Empirical belief supported by inference from Two kinds of eVIdence reasonable belief 9quot supported by reasoningalone 5 J 39 ConceptualbeHef Consistency o Virtue ofsetof beliefsAllcould be true 0 Inconsistent beliefs could not all be true at once 0 Consistent beliefs ifthere is logicallyaworld where all could be true 0 Nonconsistent belief ifthere is a logical world where all could be not true at once o Is nota matterof degree s consistent or not consistent Contradiction 0 Cannot have the same truth value 0 lam a monkey lam a human Both cannot be true at the same time 0 Selfcontradictory the propositions are false there are rectangularcircles Conservatism and Revise ability 0 Conservative belief belief compatible with other beliefs we already have 0 Revise ability a virtue that beliefs have insofar as they are open to change 0 Too little revise ability is dogmatism 0 Too much revise ability is relativism 0 Conservatism must be balanced with revise ability COHSE rvative VS accu racy 0 Keep in mind that beliefs that seem not to be conservative mayturn outto be accurate or even true Rational vs irrational belief f a thinker can provide reason r 3 for them 39a J rational belief f t F at t thinker is not f n awar of any Vices y in his belief conSIous currently held J beliefs I I I a a either thinker or thinker IS cannot prowde la J aware of VlC S In any reason for them irrational belief haVlng them l I l or both of these We did exercises 2 3 6 and 10 from the book for practice
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