SOC 4410: Criminology, week 9 notes
SOC 4410: Criminology, week 9 notes Soc 4410
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alison Carr on Tuesday March 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 4410 at Bowling Green State University taught by Dr. Finkeldey in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see Criminology in Sociology at Bowling Green State University.
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Date Created: 03/15/16
SOC 4410: Criminology Week 9 Crime and shame John Braitwaite Disintegrative shaming o Stigma o Criminals are treated as outcasts o Promotes further deviance Reintegrative shaming o Help people understand that they did something wrong o Reduce deviance and criminal behavior in the long run Restorative justice Policy that seeks to restore the social bond between the offender and the community Based on Braitwaite and labeling theory Still too new to determine if it works Conflict and radical theory Law is key part of the struggle between powerful and the powerless Power use law to control the powerless Applies to: o Formation of law o Operations of the criminal justice system Functional and conflict perspectives Functional (consensus) o Some situations help create social stability Conflict o Social institutions serve the interest of the powerful in society Conflict perspective Considers law and crime the result of conflict among various kinds of groups in society, not just economic issues Austin T. Turk o Criminality and legal order o Powerful impose criminal label on powerless Evaluation of conflict perspective Explains origins of some criminal laws and types of crime Evidence is inconsistent o Historical studies provide best evidence Feminist theories Criminologists must consider role of gender in crime Feminists theories should be used to reduce gender inequality Liberal feminists Marxist feminists Radical feminists Socialist feminists Scope of feminist theories Victimization of women Gender differences in crime Masculinity and crime Explanations of women’s criminality Doing gender o Gendered nature of crime o Jody Miller Robbery and gender Power control theory o Gendered process of family life that results in delinquency o John Hagan Patriarchal vs. egalitarian households o Studies provide mixed results Women in the criminal justice system Chivalry hypothesis Evil woman hypothesis Equal treatment hypothesis Empirical evidence inconsistent