Week 6 History 1B
Popular in Introduction to Western Civilization: Circa A.D. 843 to circa 1715
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Doberneck on Tuesday March 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 1B at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Dr. Mcclendon in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 54 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Western Civilization: Circa A.D. 843 to circa 1715 in History at University of California - Los Angeles.
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Date Created: 03/15/16
The Renaissance Wednesday, February 10, 2016 10:57 AM Most historian’s und stand the Renaissance as a phenomenon in Italy during ------ Is it appropriate to divide history into distinct periods? On what basis can we divide history into these period so? What are the consequences of these divisions? On what basis do we characterize and interpret these historical periods? Francesco Petrarch (1304-1374) o Some people thought they were living in a golden age but many people did not realize that Jacob Burckhardt o Published a book in the 19jth century called the civilization of the Renaissance in Italy o Thought that this as one of the first modern cultures o Saw it as being in stark contrast to the Middle Ages o Republican government shifts to monarchy's and oligarchy’s o Humanism: refers to liberal arts education. Influenced virtual very field of knowledge Intellectual movement who's central focus was determining man’s place in society. Deeply religious movement Loved the ancient civilizations of Greece and Rome. Thought by reading the works of these societies they would n able to learn about human nature Also thought it would make them more civilized Optimistic outlook of the human condition, though they would be able to create a world worthy of the god that crater them Niccolo Machiavelli The prince Represents a. Departure for much of the humanist program The arts Giotto, crucifixion, 1320-1325 o People look more human than they did in previous art o Express the human capacities of the human figure In sculpture, artists were inspired by the ancient world o Favored the creation of free standing human figures so people could walk around them Scholars began to imagine the ideal city as one that would be characterized by ideal morals and educated people. Also, included a material vision Transformation between the people who created art and those who bought it o There was no independent art market. It was normally commissioned, with room for very little creative and individual expression o Individuals more often became to be the patrons of works of art. Merchants, bankers, and others began to ask artists. To create statues or portraits. Of them o Decline in religious artwork o The artists weren't consider d any more important or glorious than any other crafts person, o The 15th century proved pivotal in elevating artists above other craftsmen o This was due to the increasing amount of work artists were asked to do, normally by wealthy individuals. Art became a sign of social status o Artists were now recognized as creative geniuses Discovery in the Renaissance The separation of European. Culture from other cultures was heightened during this time Travel and trade allowed them to become aware of other societies Magellan landed in India, tried to go around the world but n died up dying in the Philippines Explorers were tempted to go out and hopefully trade directly with Asia, even though explorations were very dangerous Improvements in ship building and sails made it feasible for people to sail out in the ocean Rethinking the Renaissance More continuity between the Middle Ages and Renaissance than some people make it seem Treating the Renaissance as a separate period showcases how difficult it is to divide history The growth of slavery was part of the economic expansion during this time The Black Death was still prominent Most people were illiterate, so they weren't reading the classic texts Poorer people weren't paintings to put in their homes