New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Cultural Anthroplogy

by: Megan Angelo

Cultural Anthroplogy ANTH-18210-49

Megan Angelo

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Ch. 9 Notes - Gender
Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
Jeanne M. Stumpf-Carome (P)
Class Notes
Cultural Anthropology, Gender
25 ?




Popular in Introduction to Cultural Anthropology

Popular in Human Development

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Megan Angelo on Tuesday March 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH-18210-49 at Kent State University taught by Jeanne M. Stumpf-Carome (P) in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Cultural Anthropology in Human Development at Kent State University.

Similar to ANTH-18210-49 at KSU

Popular in Human Development


Reviews for Cultural Anthroplogy


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 03/15/16
Ch. 9 Gender Women and Men differ genetically: Sexual dimorphism: marked differences in male and female biology besides the primary and secondary sexual features Sex differences are biological –gender encompasses traits that a culture assigns to and inculcates in males and females Gender roles: tasks and activities that a culture assigns to the sexes Gender stereotypes: oversimplified, strongly held ideas of characteristics of men and women Gender Stratification: unequal distribution of rewards between men and women, reflecting different positions in a social hierarchy Llongots- Philippines  Take a head Subsistence contributions of men and women are roughly equal- cross – culture -domestic activities-female labor dominates -women tend to work more hours -women- primary caregiver- men play a role Reproductive Strategies Women can only have so many babies Males- mate within/ out marriage- more than women Males- less restricted than women Restrictions = ½ societies studied Peggy Sanday: gender stratification decreased when men and women made roughly equal contributions to substitute Domestic- Public dichotomy: strong differentiation between home and the outside world, or private- public contrast -gender stratification is less developed among foragers Greater size, greater strength, and mobility of med led to exclusive services in roles of hunters and warriors -Pregnancy and lactation- prevention in foraging societies -Agta- full range of daily activities – including hunting Thomas Headland- fooled by python Cross- cultural variation in gender status related to rules of descent and post marital residence Matrillneal descent: people join mothers group at birth Women tend to have high status in matrilineal matrilocal societies Sanday: Minangkabau a matriarchy because women are the center origin, and founder of the social order -despite special position of women, matriarchy is not equivalent of females rule -Property is passed mother – daughter Patrilineal-patrilocal complex: male Supremacy is based on patrilineality, patrolocality and warfare Patrilineal descent: traced through men -many societies in highland Papua, New Guinea Patriarchy: political system riled by men in which women have inferior social and political status, including basic human rights -Societies- full-fledged replete with warfare and inter village raiding – gender stratification- typically reduced in societies in which women have prominent roles in the economy and social life Domestic Public Dichotomy influence gender stratification in industrial societies -Gender roles change rapidly in North America- “traditional” idea – women’s place is in the home- middle and upper class Americans – Industrialism Spread after 1900 Maxine Margoils: gendered work, attitudes and beliefs have varied in response to U.S. economic needs Changes in economy led to changes in attitudes toward and about women 1970-2010 Female- workforce- 38%-47% - gender roles changed -Rise in representation of women and their children among American’s poorest people -Rise in single parent household- usually female Globally- women head of house – poorer than a man- improve- encourage women to organize 13 countries –greatest female labor – 10 ranked among world’s happiest Contemporary U.S. includes individuals who self-identify using such labels as transgender, intersex, third gender, and transsexual Transgender: social category that includes individuals who may/may not contrast biologically with ordinary make and female Intersex: conditions involving discrepancy between external and internal genitals Klinefelter’s syndrome- male- XXY- add X chromosome Turner syndrome- females- portion of X chromosome – missing Identities in Society: with biological conditions- viewed as male and female -self-identified transgender -counterdicts biological sex at birth and gender identity given at infancy Fear and ignorance to diversity in gender- fuels discrimination to diversity in gender Sexual Orientation: refers to person’s habitual sexual attraction to, sexual activities with persons of the opposite sex- heterosexuality, homosexuality, bisexuality, asexuality - Each hold different meanings/ different groups and individuals U.S. see it as fixed and biologically based sexual norms vary culture to culture -sex acts involving people of the same sex were absent, rare, secret in only 37 of 76 societies In others- various forms of same- sex sexual activity considered normal- acceptable Sudanese Azande Etoro of Papua New Guinea Flexibility in sexual expression seems to be an aspect of our primate heritage


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.