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by: Aaron Holmes


Marketplace > Kansas > Sociology > SociologicalImagination MethodsofSocialInquiry pdf
Aaron Holmes


Jane Webb

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About this Document

First lecture notes on the sociological imagination and an introduction to the principles of sociology
Jane Webb
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This 2 page Reader was uploaded by Aaron Holmes on Tuesday September 9, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at Kansas taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 131 views.


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Date Created: 09/09/14
Sociological Imagination amp Methods of Social Inquiry 2 September ZQ14 1627 Your Invitation to Sociology o What is Sociology I Sociology systematic study of human society and social interactions I Society large social grouping that shares geographical territory political authority cultural expectations I Culture knowledge language values customs and material objects passed from person to person and one generation to the next III Doxa the quottaken for grantedquot stuff Socialconstructionism 0 Social constructionism the way we assign meaning to the world I Language I Obviously constrained by physical world I Reality 0 How is childhood a social construct I Period of development Sociological Imagination O Sociological imagination ability to see the relationship between individual experiences and the larger society 0 quotmacroquot and quotmicroquot analysis Structure and Agency 0 Structure quotare constituted by mutually sustaining cultural schemas and sets of resources that empower and constrain social action and tend to be reproduced by that actionquot Sewe 1992 27 I Ways that we understand the world cultural quottoolkitquot that we use to know how to act in a variety of social situations I How we apply these schemas and resources in action I quotconstraint of actionquot 0 Agency quotto be an agent means to be capable of exerting some degree of control over the social relations in which one is enmeshed agents are empowered to act with and against others by structures they have knowledge of schemas which means the ability to apply them to new contexts I quotcapacity to actquot Momma o Narrative demonstrates the relationship between structure and agency I The individual in society Sociology vs lndividualii 0 Individualism argues that social systems are just aggregates of individuals I But sociology argues that social systems are MORE THAN just the individuals that participate in them Pa Durkheim and the Social Fact 0 Argued that patterns of society cannot be explained by individual pathology I Rates lower in societies with higher sense of community lower anomie 0 Social fact socialcultural characteristic with influence over us I quotsui generisquot I Collective thought action feelings It39s CaHed Culture 0 Culture the accumulated store of symbols ideas and material products associated with a social system an entire society or a family I Material culture III quotthe stuffquot tangible things historical artifacts I Nonmaterial culture III Ideas symbols meanings I Refers not to what people actually do but the ideas they share about what they do and objects they use Sociologists Studv o Society groups cultures I Rather than individuals 0 Patterns I Rather than individual cases 0 Social meaning Sociology Page 1 I Rather than individual interpretation III 3939talk to enough people that you can understand the pattern despite individual idiosyncrasies Questioning Research Desigg Definitions How are they measuring it Who are they comparing Sample I Size I Selection effect Interpreting Results 0 Correlation vs Causation I Ex CNN 0 Accounting for other evidence and alternative explanations 0 OOO Sociology Page 2


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