Operant Conditioning PSY 320
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bailee Zemlock on Sunday September 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 320 at Arizona State University taught by Dr. Amazeen in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see Learning and Motivation in Psychlogy at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 09/20/15
Operant Conditioning September 15 2015 Operant Conditioning we form associations between our actionsbehaviors and whatever follows Behavior 9 Consequences 9 Change either encourages the same behavior or discourages it Edward Thorndike came up with the Law of Effect put hungry cats in a puzzle box and food outside it Cat had to figure out how to work the levers to get out of the box Took the cat a while at first but after repeated trials it took less time Law of Effect 1 Any behavior that is followed by a pleasant consequence reinforcers is likely to be repeated 2 Any behavior that is followed by an unpleasant consequence punishment is unlikely to be repeated POSITIVE REINFORCEMENT Good feedback that encourages a pleasant behavior 0 Praise 0 Treats Money Principles of Operant Conditioning 1 Stop Action Principle taking a snapshot at the moment of the reinforcement strengthens the behavior that occurs at that moment a Better understand a good behavior if there is immediate reinforcement b A dog will understand what you want if you reward her right away 2 Superstitious Behavior stereotyped behaviors whose specifics do not necessarily cause the reinforcers to be delivered Different from persons to person but consistent for that person A ritual for game day for a team to win Kissing a goalkeeper on the head before a soccer game for good luck Skinner s Superstitious Behavior Experiment every 15 seconds a food pellet was delivered regardless of the bird s behavior e Eventually 6 out of 8 birds were performing one particular behavior before the pellet delivery because they believed that action was the reason the pellet was delivered 3 Schedules of Reinforcement fixed interval reinforcement schedule produces a fixedinterval scallop where behaviors increase before food delivery 9962 Discrete Trails VS Free Operant Procedure Discrete or separate trial one response per trial 0 Maze Thorndike s puzzle box 0 Disadvantages Only one data point per trial very slow data collection process requires experimenter supervision Free operant procedure operant response can occur repeatedly Operant Conditioning September 15 2015 o Skinner box 0 Cumulative recorder used to record responses in a free operant procedure depicts patterns of behavior 0 Advantages The animal reinforces itself no supervision required can recorder momenttomoment variations supports the general principles of learning approach same principles hold across different species and different tasks Shaping by Successive Approximation a progressive training system slow steps in training a behavior with a reinforcement to eventually reach a targeted behavior The learner must be motivated to work towards behavior The trainer must select appropriate reinforcers for good behavior Make a reasonable stepbystep list for progression Always reward the better behavior Take a break from training and come back to it
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