Chapter 2: The State
Chapter 2: The State POL1060
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Anthony Johnson on Sunday September 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POL1060 at University of Cincinnati taught by Joel Wolfe in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Intro to Comparative Politics in Political Science at University of Cincinnati.
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Date Created: 09/20/15
Chapter 2 The State Politicallegal unit with sovereignty over a particular territory and the population that resides within its borders Success and stability of the State depends on the following o Legitimacy Degree to which citizens accept State authority 0 Sovereignty Responsibility for and legal authority over internal affairs 0 Ef ciency Ability of states to maintain effective order Determine if a state is succeeding or failing Balancing Individual and Collective Interests Collective action problem 0 Clash between individual and collective interests 0 Will private interests produce public goods Clean air Climate change 0 Problem when private interests are opposite to incentives needed for public bene t Prisoners Dilemma o Prevalent in politics 0 Illustrates a collective action problem 0 Successful state reconcile the collective and individual interests thus addressing the collective action problem Hobbes39 Problem Need for Order and Security 0 Clash between individual and collective interests evident in a State of Nature Collection on selfinterested individuals quotNo society and which is worst of all continual fear and danger of violent death the life of man solitary poor nasty brutish and shortquot Hobbes39 Solution 0 Absolute sovereignty in a single authority based on consent and having even power of lifedeath over all Leviathan o The Social Contract Everyone limits their ability to do as they please in order to achieve some collective bene t State and its institutions as guarantors of the contract 0 Order Secur y Establishing Institutions Sovereignty o Implies centralized decision making over xed territory 0 Organization of administration Central authority in bureaucracy and rationality o Coercion o Requires popular consent in contrast to deity State versus Government 0 Formal organization Authority to act on behalf of the State State versus Nation 0 Territory encompasses a nation Group of individuals who collectively hold political identity Overlap eg Japan or Portugal Sometimes loose coincidence Kurds are a nation without a State State versus Society 0 SocietyCivil Society Provides inputs and resources Makes claims and demands Sierra Club and Goldman Sachs National Identity 0 Control over one s own political affairs Core of democracy Nationalism v Democracy 0 Libertarians and anarchists advocate limiting or eliminating states History of the State 0 Comparative TimeSpans and Forms of Rule 0 Traditional States Citystates centered on quotthe palacequot Alexander the Great When expanded they became empires eg Roman Empire Types of Territorial States 0 Modern States start with Territorial Sovereignty o Territorial States after 1648 AD Peace of Westphalia take various forms Absolutism 16005 17005 Liberalism 1776 1789 Colonial empire states 18005 Nationstates Antiliberal states USSR and Nazi Deutschland Managerial states mixed civil society economy and state Postcolonial states UN Members from 1945 to 2006 Could be based on liberal or civic ethnic anticolonial nationalisms