Chapter 1 notes.
Chapter 1 notes. PSY 331
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Midkiff on Sunday September 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 331 at Western Kentucky University taught by James Prather in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 38 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Learning in Psychlogy at Western Kentucky University.
Reviews for Chapter 1 notes.
Better than the professor's notes. I could actually understand what the heck was going on. Will be back for help in this class.
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Date Created: 09/20/15
Psychology of Learning Chapter 1 Learning Introduction Learning is a biological process which supports survival Must have the ability to predict changes in the environment Acquisition of behaviors Loss of behaviors Historical Antecedents Descartes and Re exes Voluntary versus Involuntary behaviors Humans versus Animals The MindBody Problem see previous notes and class lectures MindBody Problem This is the problem of how electrical activity in the brain is transformed into a phenomenological experience It attempts to reconcile quotthoughtquot with the physical existence of the body brain This is one of the oldest philosophical problems It may never be solved satisfactorily Assumptions The Body brain is physical and can be measured and quanti ed The Mind is nonphysical and cannot be measured or quanti ed o Ethereal astral ephemeral soul spirit The physical and the nonphysical do not interact with each other The Mind and the Body do interact Possible Solutions Monisms o Mentalism living in the matrix 0 Materialism Mechanism only material things exist Dualism o lnteractionist view taken by Descartes mind and body exist and interact o Nonlnteractionist clockmaker analogy mind and body exist but do not connect like 2 clocks Study of the Mind Descartes innate ideas Locke empiricism all knowledge comes from direct experience 0 British Empiricists and Association 0 Contiguity 2 diff ideas become associated based on the fact they show up together in time red apple 0 Similarity once you have learned one association it ts with all you know how a chair works you know how all chairs works 0 Contrast some you learn because they are different from each other concept of up versus down 0 Intensityhow strong is the stimulus Frequencyhow often is the stimulus presented Relevancehow important is it for your survival Dawn of the Modern Era Comparative Cognition and Evolution of the Mind 0 Charles Darwin Functioning of the Nervous System 0 Pavlov and Nervism Developing animal models 0 Skinner and Relevant Features De nition for Learning 0 Learning is an enduring change in the mechanisms of behavior involving speci c stimuli andor responses that results from prior experience with similar stimuli and responses LearningPerformance Distinction Performance refers to an organism39s actions at a particular time Affected by in addition to learning 0 Opportunity 0 Motivation 0 Sensory and motor abilities Use of NonHuman Animals in Research of Learning Rationales for the use of animals 0 Public rebate about the use of animals 0 Food965 Hunting26 Killed in Shelters 04 Furs 02 Teaching and Research 03 0000 Ethics of Animal Research 0 Alternatives 0 Observational only Techniques 0 Plants and Tissue cultures 0 Computer Simulations
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