Key Terms Chapter 1
Key Terms Chapter 1 1230.0
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Clark on Sunday September 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 1230.0 at Bowling Green State University taught by Lynne Hewitt in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNICATION DISORDERS in Language at Bowling Green State University.
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Date Created: 09/20/15
Chapter One Key Terms Accreditation A procedure that recognizes educational institutions or facilities providing services to the public as maintaining and conforming to necessary standards Acquired Disorders disorders that occur after speech and language skills have been acquired Articulation and Phonological Disorders Difficulty producing speech sounds and speech sound sequences Bilateral Hearing Loss hearing loss in both the right and the left ears Certificate of Clinical Competence CCC A certificate issued by the American Speech LanguageHearing Association in either speech language pathology a or audiology that affirms that the individual has met the minimal standards for practice in the profession Certification A procedure by which an individual is affirmed as meeting in educational and professional standard in speech language pathology and audiology certification is administered by the American SpeechLanguageHearing Association Communication any exchange of meaning whether intended or unintended Communication Difference communicative abilities that differ from those of other individuals in the same environment in the absence of an impairment Communication Disorder sometimes used as a synonym for impairment and other times as a synonym for disability Communication Sciences and Disorders CSD A discipline that consists of two professions speechlanguage pathology and audiology The professions are composed of people who study the nature of communication and communication disorders and who assess and treat individuals with communication disorders Continuing Education Units CEUs documentation that affirms a professional person has engaged in new learning related to his or her area practice that is often required for renewal of a license Developmental Disorders speech and language disorders that occur after birth Disability A reduced ability to meet daily living needs Discipline A unique field of study that is supplemented by research Discrimination the ability to hear differences between sounds the second level in auditory processing Ethics the principles of conduct that govern an individual or a group The American Speech LanguageHearing Association has a code of ethics and members can be censured or they can lose their memberships in the Association for ethical violations Fluency Disorder unusual disruptions in the rhythm and rate of speech These disruptions are often characterized by repetitions or prolongation of sounds or syllables plus excessive tension Functional A disorder with no known cause the cause of difficulties with speech development cannot be determined precisely Handicap A social educational or occupational disadvantage that is related to an impairment or disability This disadvantage is often affected by the nature of the person39s impairment and by the attitudes and biases that may be present in the person s environment Impairment any loss or abnormality of psychological physiological or anatomic structure or function Incidence the percentage of individuals in a given population Who report that they have at one time or another exhibited a particular disorder or condition Number of individuals Who experience a disorder during their lifetime Language A standardized set of symbols and the conventions for combining those symbols into words phrases sentences and texts for the purpose of communicating thoughts and feelings Licensure A procedure at the grants legal permission for an individual to practice in a specific area usually a profession and affirms that standards have been met Organic disorders that have a physical cause Otology the medical specialty that deals With ear disease and the peripheral hearing mechanism PersonFirst Language When describing a person With communication disorder professionals should refer to the individual first and then the disorder that the person presents For example it is better to say quotchildren With autismquot then quotautistic childrenquot Similarly quothe has aphasiaquot is preferred over quothe is an aphasicquot Phonatory Disorders abnormalities in the pitch loudness or quality of the voice Prevalence percentage of individuals in a population Who demonstrate a disorder at a given point in time Profession an area of practice requiring specialized knowledge and it39s academic preparation Resonance Disorders abnormalities in the use of the nasal cavity during speaking Individuals can be hypernasal excessive nasality or denasal insufficient nasality Unilateral Hearing Loss A hearing loss in the right or left ear but not both
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