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Key Terms Chapter 2

by: Emily Clark

Key Terms Chapter 2 1230.0

Emily Clark
Lynne Hewitt

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Here are the key terms for chapter 2
Lynne Hewitt
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Emily Clark on Sunday September 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 1230.0 at Bowling Green State University taught by Lynne Hewitt in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNICATION DISORDERS in Language at Bowling Green State University.


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Date Created: 09/20/15
Chapter Two Key Terms American Sign Language The language of the deaf community in the United States ASL has its own set of phonological morphological semantic syntactic and pragmatic conventions that differ from those of spoken English It is produced in threedimensional space by the hands arms face and body and has complex grammar quite different from that of English Attempt in an episode information that the actions that the main character takes to achieve his or her goal Babbling prespeech vocalizations Bound Morpheme A morpheme that cannot stand alone as a separate word Canonical Babbling syllable like strings of sounds that an infant uses Communication any exchange of meaning Whether intended or unintended Consequence in the narrative episode information about the outcomes of the main character39s actions in relationship to the initiating event Episode A part of the story that consists of an initiating event attempt and consequence Episodes may also contain internal responses plans and reactionsendings Expressive Jargon battling in an adult like invitation Sequences of syllables that sound like statements or questions but they contain few real words Free Morpheme A morphine that can stand alone as a word Genre A literary style narration description persuasion mystery horror fairytale etc Idiom an expression that can have both a literal and figurative interpretation eg skating on thin ice Initiating Event background information about the event that propels the main character into action The initiating event is usually a problem Language is standardize set of symbols and the conventions for combining those symbols into words phrases sentences and texts for the purpose of communicating thoughts and feelings Language Content The meaning of a word Content relates to the Linguistic system of semantics Language Form The structure of Language Form relates to the linguistic systems of phonology morphology and syntax Language Use choices that speakers signers and writers meeting about the words and sentence structure that will best expressed their intended meetings These choices are made with respect to the formality of the speaking situation Language used relates to the linguistic system of pragmatics Lexicon A mental dictionary of words Phoneme A speech sound that can change meaning Phonological Awareness A type of metalinguistic awareness Knowledge of the sequence of sounds that make up words The ability to identify the phoneme structure of words Phonological processes simplification of adultlike words Some of the more common processes are weak syllable deletion final consonant deletion and velar fronting substitutions of a t or d for a k or g Descriptions of variations in the way sounds are produced when the cooccur with other sound For example example that was become more nasal when they are followed by a nasal consonant in words Phonology The study of the organization of sounds language rules that govern how sounds are combined to create words Place of Articulation The place of construction during the production of phonemes Pragmatics conventions related to the use of language in various speaking situations Reduplicated Babbling babbled sequences in which the same syllable is repeated Semantics The meaning of individual words lexical semantics or the meanings that are expressed when words are joined together relational semantics Setting in a narrative background information about the characters the place where the story occurs or the time of the story Story Grammar conventions for the ways in which meeting are sequenced from a story Syllable A basic unit of speech production that must contain a vowel Syntax conventions related to the way where to order to create sequence Variegated Babbling babbled sequences in which the syllable content varies Voicing vibration of the vocal folds during the production of a phoneme


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