History 105: Week 10 Lecture Notes
History 105: Week 10 Lecture Notes HIST 105
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Christian Benson on Tuesday March 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 105 at University of Oregon taught by Prof. Furtado in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 16 views.
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Date Created: 03/15/16
Lecture – (3/11/16) White Lotus Rebellion put down by Qing (and Mongols who were friends with the Qing) o Wang Lun wore clothes he wasn’t supposed to because of his class act of rebellion 1796 -1804: Another rebellion, restore the Ming 1813: Eight Trigrams Ling Ching: Maitreya o Invasion of forbidden city o Seeking to restore the Mandate of Heaven White lotus millenarianism o 16 Century o Buddhist, Taoist, Confucian o Personal salvation o Buddha Meitreya o White lotus movement was a religion that was a mixture of Buddhism Taoism and Confucianism Believed in eternal mother o Mother created all things Believed that if they listened to Meitreya they would get salvation Apocalyptic: “Black whirlwind that blows all day and night, killing countless people and leaving mountains of bones and oceans of blood” Teacher/Pupil: small ratio (new movement) o Imminent salvation end coming very soon o Community for unattended Elderly, no family Monks without temples Migrant laborers Urban immigrants Poor/poverty All of these people were pretty much screwed by Confucian standards so the white lotus movement attracted them Kung Fu: Any study that requires hard work and time o Important for white lotus movement Sutra-Recitation o Strong organization o Scriptural emphasis No mention of filial piety o Live like monk without actually being a monk o Healing Strict vegetarians o Take 5 vows of Buddhist (don’t lie, steal, kill, etc) o Contracts To end rebirth cycle Goal of Buddhism is to end rebirth cycle and achieve nirvana Meditative (eight Trigrams) o Constructural elements that makes up Ying Yang Heaven, wind, river, earth, thunder, fire, water, meditation Want to learn things they can do by themselves without congregating o Martial arts Prepare for the apocalypse Don’t need to be vegetarians Emphasis is more Confucian and Taoist o Not concerned with rebirth Martial arts is very important, prepare for expected apocalypse o Associates them with criminality Counter revolution o Manchu army unprepared fighting white lotus Guerilla, civil war Strategic hamlet strategy Local gentry critical 1805: white lotus rebellion crushed ; 100,000 killed Dynastic vs. civilization decline o Scholar-gentry and quelling rebellion o Elite continuity from Tang to Qing dynasties, 1500 years of Chinese unity, despite dynastic change and foreign invasion Thus no rebellion Lessons: o White Lotus Rebellion proved that the scholar gentry could just contain restlessness and revolt o But how do you mobilize local people, when they are losing land and hope? o The old system could not control the Taiping rebellion China’s strength: huge networks of family, lineage, bureaucracy Weakness: inability to contain unprecedented population without increase in resources or revolutionary improvements in technology and productivity Land and energy, as in the west Civilization decline o 50 years later o 1912: Liberal republic, 1946: Marxist revolution o 1978: embrace capitalism o Yet, always Chinese Why no modern revolution? o No radical break with past o No challenges to ancient thinking o Not a utopian future, but an apocalypse