Week 4 Notes REL 3145
Week 4 Notes REL 3145 REL 3145
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Annette Marin on Sunday September 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to REL 3145 at Florida State University taught by Michael McVicar in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see Gender and Religion in Religious Studies at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 09/20/15
The Kingdom of Matthias 92015 806 PM Background and Context 0 Economic Change 0 The Market Revolutionquot 0 Religious Change 0 The Second Great Awakeningquot 0 Cultural Change 0 New and evolving roles for women children and men in society 0 Religious Change 0 The Second Great Awakeningquot 0 Reaction to Calvinism and Deism Predestination and Irreligion o Revivalism and camp meetings on the frontier and in cities and towns 0 Pan denominational Baptist Methodist Presbyterian Congregationalist etc 0 Sharp rise in church membership 0 Social Reform Postmillennialism Antipoverty efforts Abolition Moral reform Temperance Public education 0 Frontier and urban movement 0 Methodists and Baptists in the west and Appalachia o Revivalists Charles G Finney in rural New York Burned OverDistrict 0 New techniques for evangelism Shift from reason to emotion Shift from planned sermons to extemporaneous preaching Anxious bench o Restorationist movement esp in west and rural areas Focus on living according to rules of New Testaments primitive Christianity Submovements include primitive Christian groups such as Mormons Shakers Baptists etc Women played a key role in shaping the movement Feminization of Christianity Elijah Pierson Born 1786 Morristown NJ Presbyterian Calvinist Providence 0 Predestination Patriarchy 0 Social hierarchy Social status orderly linked to church membership 0 Fatherly authority in family matters 0 Social order based on kinship and familial ties Is he CRAZY 0 Move to New York City in 18205 0 New elite of businessmen and capital investors 0 Social order based on contractual obligations and economic change New Evangelicalism Women begin to displace men as religious leaders in some areas of society 0 Relief societies missions and social reform Affection vs Power 0 Shifting understanding of marriage Robert Matthews 0 Born 1788 Cambridge NY near village of Coila 0 Scottish Presbyterian Calvinist 0 Rural community 0 Human depravity Humiliation and thanksgiving 0 Patriarchy Merchant and dry goods seller in Cambridge with connections to business interests in New York City Bankrupted and forced into wage labor Moves family to NYC in 1816 Downwardly mobile family in community of poor immigrants and laborers Prophet Matthias Mordecai Manuel Noah O O Introduces Matthews to Old Testament themes of patriarchy and prophecy Mosaic Law 0 Manly Piety O 0 Membership rejection by Fourth Presbyterian Church Against the new evangelicalism Effeminizing effects of the Market Revolution The Kingdom Elijah the Tishbite Prophet of God who prepares the way for establishment of a true church 0 Prophet Matthias of the God of the Jews 0 00000 Robert Matthews A vessel filled by the Spirit of the Truth male governing spirit 94 Fathers as teachers of the Truth AntiChristian antigentile Critical of Christian women Critical of market Apocalyptic New Jerusalem Match Spirits 92015 806 PM 92015 806 PM
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