Intro to American History Week 2
Intro to American History Week 2 HIST 1310
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Steven Quaranto on Wednesday September 10, 2014. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1310 at George Washington University taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 182 views. For similar materials see Intro to American History in History at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 09/10/14
HIST 1310 Prof Stott Monday September 8 2014 Intro to American History Lecture The Southern Colonies Names Italicized Dates Bolded Events Underlined A lD s A indentured Servants B Bacon s Rebellion 1676 C Tidewater D Piedmont Review of NE Colonies Jamestown was a failure to the Virginia Company UNTIL it wound its economic commodity Tobacco 32 of 50 families in Jamestown grew tobacco indentured Servants People transported from Europe to Virginia to come and work for a certain amount of time for 50 acres of land 13 of indentured Servants would die before their time was over mostly due to disease 1670 40000 people in Jamestown They are not growing cotton which did not come into prominence until the 18th century The indentured Servants were not all African Americans as they were all people desperate for work Expansion Georgia was founded by the British for the purpose of a Buffer between them and the Spanish British expanded south in order to put pressure on the Spanish land Bacon s Rebellion 1676 HIST 1310 Prof Stott Monday September 8 2014 Virginia was a Royal Colony as it was taken over by the King of England The royal governor of Virginia was William Berkeley from 1642 to 1652 and also from 1660 to 1677 Berkeley wanted to prevent indentured servants from becoming farmers 1676 Short war between Indians and Virginians on the Potomac River Expanding the borders of Virginia for farming purposes angered the Indians and tempted them to fight Nathaniel Bacon Was never an indentured servant a solid middle cass educated man Emerged as Berkeley s main foe Planned to go to Jamestown and force Berkeley to give them a commission to fight the Indians Berkeley refused to give them the commission got a commission from the House of Burgess Things begin to spiral out of control between supporters of both parties Berkeley flees to the N Shore of Virginia Jamestown is burned to the ground Turned from attack on Indians to civil attack on wealthy farmers Bacon gets a sickness and perishes Rebellion dies out Berkeley is removed from his Royal Governor position Results Berkeley s rule with an iron fist does not work Turning point where Indentured Servitude turned into slavery angered the Indentured Servants The Social Geography of the South Jamestown was a very rural community compared to expectations Puritan believed there was no religious reason to towns HIST 1310 Prof Stott Monday September 8 2014 The geography did not allow for large towns to form in Jamestown The amount of rivers in the Virginia area allowed for many ports for shipping The Fall Line lmpassible waterways where ships can not go through to trade The area above the Fall Line disallowed for commercial agriculture to prosper Home of the Piedmont A region of farmers wealthy and poor that resided above the Fall Line The Planter Elite Piedmont Farmers are greater than all The South was the Richest part of the Colonies including slavery Had large estates compared to other farmers No secret ballot for voting led to tensions between large and small farmers Wednesday September 10 2014 Intro to American History Lecture New England Names Italicized Dates Bolded Events Underlined A D S A Puritan Covenant The New England Village Puritan Covenant Boston was the major port of New England There was a religious reasoning for villages as religious practices are best done in groups Puritan Covenant Came to America to reaffirm their faith where they could not do so in England 2 parts to the Covenant Covenant between Man and God Man would serve God as they believed he brought them to where they are Covenant between Man Man would watch over each other when someone is failing or is in need of help 1645 A town in Massachusetts had an elected leader who was reelected but some men did not like him and called for reelection and the elected leader lost causing controversy over leadership and authority Law passed in Mass that you MUST live in a village while living in the state if not complied the offender would be placed in jail Land Overpopulation caused people to move outwards of Boston and other large villages People who were prominent in England got more land than those who were not as well known Wednesday September 10 2014 Separating land grants led to a safety nest as if an area was flooded or if an area was extremely dry the other areas would not be effected Brought the threat of subsistence down as the lands were more spread out and there were typically many farms Population Diseases were rarely present in the New England Colonies healthier than any other place at the time Life expectancy for New England 70 much higher than the life expectancy of the Chesapeake Colonies where it was 45 There was a civil war between New England and the Monarchy extremely limited more people from arriving in New England Families were the main population unit unlike indentured servants for southern colonies Slavery was present in the New England Colonies yet it was not present like the slavery in the Southern Colonies Immigration at founding for Mass 25000 Population in 1710 62000 Entirety of population was located in villages Wealth Valued their religion deeply Believed that living a comfortable life was not a bad thing 1st merchantable commodity was fishing through the harvesting of cod fish 6 million pounds of cod shipped worldwide especially to Europe and the Caribbean Was not a liked commodity in the Puritan society as it often led to small outbreaks of violence but they understood it was necessary 2nd merchantable commodity was shipbuilding Shipped food to the West Indies for massive profits New England s freedom depended on the West Indies Wednesday September 10 2014 New England was still poorer than the Southern economies but was still much more developed and longlasting Slavery did exist in Mass but not to the extent of the Southern Colonies the economy did not depend on them
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