AFAS 160: Week 4
AFAS 160: Week 4 AFAS 160A1
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Nadia on Sunday September 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to AFAS 160A1 at University of Arizona taught by Professor Yuxuf Abana in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 238 views. For similar materials see The Africana Experience in African Studies at University of Arizona.
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Date Created: 09/20/15
AFAS 160 The Africana Experience Week 4 September 14 18 Terms Middle Passage voyage from Africa to America West Indies to transport slaves Guinea Coast a generalization referring to the area of the West African coast ranged as far as from Senegal to Cameroon Chattel personal property slaves Asiento der From Spanish contract trade agreements Industrial Revolution effect of slave trade the large provision of labor allowed Europeans time to advance technology and led into the age of industry Factories holding areas for slaves along the Guinea Coast Slavers transport ships for slaves carried 2 slaves per ton of weight some carried fewer slaves and many carried as many as they could fit Indentured Servants contracted workers who exchanged their labor for a set amount of time for transportation to the Americas and land common solution for poor Europeans to find opportunity in the New World Seasoning conditioning process for slaves period of time where they were broken down to submission Slave Driver people who directed and oversaw seasoning much like trainers in the inhumane treatment of slaves Lecture 9I15 History of Slavery 1 Greece Rome Egypt examples of slavery in antiquity 0 Ex Alexander the Great s conquests Slaves were often POWs who were eventually assimilated into the culture they had been enslaved in 2 Medieval West Africa 0 Social mirror it differed from past occurrences of slavery because it was very much characterized by racial barriers the European beliefs in white supremacy and African inferiority Modern Times European Exploration amp Colonization 1 Bartolomeu Dias Portugal explored a sea route to India around the southern tip of Africa the Cape of Good Hope 2 Christopher Columbus 1492 explored sea route to India by travelling West discovered the Americas West Indies 3 Atlantic Slave Trade 0 Originated with the need for domestic labor in Portugal and Spain 0 Primarily sourced from Africa after many Native Americans died off from diseases Europeans brought over 0 Americas provided land for much desired cash crops created a boost in agriculture and a demand for labor 0 Sugar tobacco indigo rice Profit Jamaica became the most valuable of the colonies worth 28 million pounds1774 The Middle Passage 1 Refers to the literal transport routes slave ships took across the Atlantic Ocean 2 Also refers to the suffering undergone by Africans during the transport Slave Codes rules about the treatment of slaves by owners 1 Education slaves were not often educated 2 Identity in most cases slaves were separated from their families and cultures many lost their name and took on the names given by their owners Social Mirror slave owners were ignorant if not careless of the cultures of their slaves Auditory immersion language barriers and lack of education forced slaves to learn ways to communicate they learned some parts of the English their masters spoke just by exposure often developing their own type of vernacular
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